|Begin:||August 30, 1983, 06:32:00 UTC|
|Starting place:||Kennedy Space Center , LC-39A|
|Landing:||September 5, 1983, 07:40:43 UTC|
|Landing place:||Edwards Air Force Base , Runway 22|
|Flight duration:||6d 1h 8m 43s|
|Track height:||313 km|
|Orbit inclination :||28.5 °|
|Covered track:||4.0 million km|
v. l. No. Daniel Brandenstein, Dale Gardner, Richard Truly, William Thornton, Guion Bluford
|◄ Before / After ►|
STS-8 ( english S pace T ransportation S ystem ) is a mission designation for the US Space Shuttle Challenger (OV-99) of NASA . The launch took place on August 30, 1983. It was the eighth space shuttle mission and the third flight of the space shuttle Challenger.
- Richard Truly (2nd space flight), commander
- Daniel Brandenstein (1st space flight), pilot
- Dale Gardner (1st spaceflight), mission specialist
- Guion Bluford (1st space flight), mission specialist
- William Thornton (1st spaceflight), mission specialist
STS-8 was the first space shuttle flight to both take off and land at night. The start took place with a 17 minute delay due to the weather.
The payload was essentially the Indian multipurpose satellite Insat 1-B . Furthermore, stress tests were carried out on the shuttle itself. The shuttle cockpit was kept facing away from the sun for 14 hours in order to investigate the effects of the intense cold on the life support systems.
Various scientific experiments were also carried out. Among other things, the behavior of six rats in weightlessness was examined.
With Guion Bluford, an African American came into space for the first time in NASA history .
- NASA Mission overview (English)
- Video summary with comments of the crew (English)