|Begin:||October 18, 1989, 16:53:40 UTC|
|Starting place:||Kennedy Space Center , LC-39B|
|Landing:||October 23, 1989, 16:33:01 UTC|
|Landing place:||Edwards Air Force Base , Runway 23|
|Flight duration:||4d 23h 39m 21s|
|Track height:||343 km|
|Orbit inclination :||34.3 °|
|Covered track:||3.22 million km|
v. l. No. Shannon Lucid, Donald Williams, Franklin Chang-Diaz, Michael McCulley, Ellen Baker
|◄ Before / After ►|
STS-34 ( english S pace T ransportation S ystem) is a mission designation for the US Space Shuttle Atlantis (OV-104) of NASA . The launch took place on October 18, 1989. It was the 31st space shuttle mission and the 5th flight of the space shuttle Atlantis.
- Donald Williams (2nd space flight), commander
- Michael McCulley (1st spaceflight), pilot
- Franklin Chang-Diaz (2nd spaceflight), mission specialist
- Shannon Lucid (2nd spaceflight), mission specialist
- Ellen Baker (1st spaceflight), mission specialist
The originally planned start date of October 12th could not be kept because the control of a main engine had to be replaced. A new attempt on October 17 failed due to the weather conditions on the emergency landing site in Cape Canaveral .
The main payload on this mission was Jupiter's Galileo probe . It was launched into space together with the Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) rocket . Experiments on earth exploration, environmental research, materials technology, astronomy and medicine were also part of this mission, and an IMAX camera was also on board.