Eggersberg Castle

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Eggersberg Castle around 1700, copper engraving by Michael Wening
Eggersberg Castle
View from the garden to the castle

Eggersberg Castle is a former Hofmark in the lower Altmühltal near Riedenburg .


Eggersberg was first mentioned in a document in the 9th century. The local castle Eggerberg came into the hands of Wittelsbach , who at various vassal pledged; among them were the Wolfsteiner , the Hilpoltsteiner , the Lichtenecks , the Frauenhofer, the Muracher , the Pappenheimer and the Helfensteiner . In 1520 the property passed to Leonhard von Eck , the most important councilor of Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria . The castle fell into disrepair during the Lion War .

Duke Maximilian I sold the property to Wilhelm Jocher, councilor and caretaker of Dachau . Under this family, the castle was rebuilt around 1600 100 m south of the castle ruins. Then in 1684 Dominicus von Bassus, professor of rights at the high school in Ingolstadt , acquired the Hofmark Eggersberg. The Hofmark and the lower jurisdiction associated with it until the middle of the 19th century remained with the von Bassus family until the end of the Second World War , who last used it as a hunting lodge.

The house came into the ownership of the lawyer Robert FE Weigand in 1962. In addition to his profession as a passionate private scholar and collector, he devoted an entire collector's life to building up various organized collections.

Weigand donated all of these exhibits to his Robert-FE-Weigand-Kulturstiftung Schloss Eggersberg in January 2004, which he set up as a non-profit foundation.


The Hofmark-Museum shows, divided into small sections, among other things the subject areas The family de Bassus , The Altmühltal in the graphic , The parish Eggersberg , The rural life , The Celts in the Altmühltal , Eggersberg in the art .

In addition to the holdings of the Hofmark Museum and its departments, Weigand brought the Hippologica collections - the horse in art and small antiquities - to the foundation. In order to secure the foundation's existence, he set up a permanent home for the collections on the upper floor of the castle's former stables.

The visitor is informed that the smallest dinosaur in the world was found near Eggersberg. A first model of this Compsognathus Longipes by the Munich paleontologist Rutte is exhibited in the Hofmark Museum.

The first primeval bird to be discovered, Archeopteryx , was native to Eggersberg and was found in the quarry near Jachenhausen .

During the construction of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal , the last section of which between Dietfurt and Kelheim leads past Eggersberg Castle and which was opened on September 25, 1992, an important burial ground from the Celtic era was opened up at the foot of Eggersberg. The outstanding finds such as the longest, completely preserved bronze Celtic belt as well as extraordinary, Celtic fibulae are exhibited in the Hofmark Museum.

Some of the outstanding designers of Bavarian history and culture were Hofmarksherren on Eggersberg. The "daily first advice" Leonhard von Eck, as the right hand of the Bavarian Duke Wilhelm IV, shaped the history of Bavaria for more than 35 years. He succeeded in failing the attempts of the most powerful ruler of the time, the German Emperor Charles V , to incorporate Bavaria into the Habsburg Empire. Leonhard von Eck also skillfully prevented the “Protestantization” of Bavaria. As a constitutional lawyer, he designed one of the first effective reforms of the Bavarian administration.

The family of Barons de Bassus, who came from the Swiss valley around Poschiavo in Graubünden and who sat on Hofmark Eggersberg the longest (from 1684 to 1949), was with Dominicus de Bassus, legal scholar at the University of Ingolstadt, and Thomas Freiherr de Bassus and others represented. Thomas Freiherr de Bassus was a leading member of the Illuminati Order with Adam Weishaupt and Adolph Knigge . Thomas de Bassus distinguished himself as a sponsor of the composer Johann Simon Mayr from Mendorf near Altmannstein and one of the most important Rococo carvers of his time, Ignaz Günther .

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Coordinates: 48 ° 58 ′ 19.6 "  N , 11 ° 38 ′ 56"  E