Narrow-leaved ash

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Narrow-leaved ash
Narrow-leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) in Paris in the Jardin des Plantes

Narrow-leaved ash ( Fraxinus angustifolia ) in Paris in the Jardin des Plantes

Euasterids I
Order : Mint family (Lamiales)
Family : Olive family (Oleaceae)
Tribe : Oleeae
Genre : Ash trees ( Fraxinus )
Type : Narrow-leaved ash
Scientific name
Fraxinus angustifolia

The Fraxinus angustifolia or whipper ash ( Fraxinus angustifolia ) is a plant from the genus of the ash ( Fraxinus ). It is very similar to the common ash in appearance and ecology .


Imparipinnate leaves of Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa
Inflorescence visited by bees
Whorled buds and leaves of Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa
Wing nuts (Samara) from Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa

The narrow-leaved ash is a deciduous tree that reaches heights of growth of around 20 to 30 meters. The dark gray bark shatters with age through a dense network of fine cracks in ridges. The treetop is tall and irregular and very densely leafy. The thin, short and hanging branches have an olive-green to olive-brown bark . The buds are dark purple-brown.

The opposite constantly and often three of whorled arranged, structured in petiole and leaf blade leaves are 15 to 20 cm long and slender than that of the European ash . The leaf blade is pinnate unpaired and consists of seven to 13 slender leaflets . The leaflets are dark green at the top and lighter and bare at the bottom are 3 to 8 cm long and 1 to 2 cm wide.

The narrow-leaved ash is Andromonöz, which means that one specimen has both male and hermaphrodite inflorescences. It has racemose inflorescences and fruit stands. The wing nuts (samara) are elongated, elliptical in shape and 3 to 4 cm long.

The number of chromosomes is 2n = 46.


Distribution of the narrow-leaved ash

The narrow-leaved ash is native to southern Europe , North Africa and western Asia. Locations are given for Portugal, Spain, France (including Corsica), Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily), the former Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Syria, northern Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq , Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkmenistan and Crimea . In South Africa and Australia it is a neophyte . The narrow-leaved ash occurs mainly in alluvial forests . In Central Europe it is frost hardy and can be seen in parks every now and then. The northernmost natural occurrence is found in Austria along the March and Leitha .


The first release of Fraxinus angustifolia was made in 1804 by Martin Vahl in Enumeratio Plantarum ... , 1, 52. synonyms for Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl are: Fraxinus angustifolia var. Lentiscifolia A.Henry (Desf.) , Fraxinus lentiscifolia Desf.

Fraxinus angustifolia belongs to the Fraxinus section in the genus Fraxinus .

There are four subspecies of the species Fraxinus angustifolia :

  • Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl subsp. angustifolia : It occurs in the western Mediterranean area and from Bulgaria to Turkey.
  • Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) Franco & Rocha Afonso ( Syn .: Fraxinus oxycarpa Willd. , Fraxinus oxyphylla M.Bieb. , Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. danubialis Pouzar ): It occurs in northwest Africa, in Central and Southern Europe to Turkey before.
  • Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. persica (Boiss.) Azadi (Syn .: Fraxinus persica Boiss. , Fraxinus rotundifolia subsp. persica (Boiss.) AEMurray ): It occurs in western and southwestern Iran.
  • Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. syriaca (Boiss.) Yalt. (Syn .: Fraxinus syriaca Boiss. , Fraxinus rotundifolia Mill. ): It occurs from Turkey to Pakistan.


Some varieties of narrow-leaved ash are used as ornamental plants .

The cultivated form 'Monophylla' (also called 'Veltheimii') has simple (unfeathered) leaves and is thus similar to the single-leaf ash ( Fraxinus excelsior cv. 'Diversifolia').


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Weeds Australia . ( Memento of the original from August 4, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ Manfred A. Fischer, Karl Oswald, Wolfgang Adler: Excursion flora for Austria, Liechtenstein and South Tyrol . 3rd, improved edition. Province of Upper Austria, Biology Center of the Upper Austrian State Museums, Linz 2008, ISBN 978-3-85474-187-9 , p. 731 .
  3. ^ Fraxinus angustifolia at In: IPCN Chromosome Reports . Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
  4. a b c d e f Fraxinus angustifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), USDA , ARS , National Genetic Resources Program. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
  5. First publication scanned at .
  6. ^ Fraxinus angustifolia at Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis
  7. a b c d e Rafaël Govaerts (Ed.): Fraxinus angustifolia. In: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP) - The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew . Retrieved December 11, 2017.

Web links

Commons : Narrow-leaved ash ( Fraxinus angustifolia )  - album with pictures, videos and audio files