Sebastian Fröschel (born February 24, 1497 in Amberg , Upper Palatinate , † December 20, 1570 in Wittenberg ) was a Lutheran theologian who temporarily belonged to the inner circle of the Wittenberg Reformation .
Live and act
The son of an Amberg bourgeois family had been studying with Georg Helt in Leipzig since 1514 , when he was an eyewitness to the Leipzig disputation between Martin Luther and Johannes Eck in the summer of 1519 - just doing his "Magister Artium" doctorate . This encounter won him over to the Reformation.
In his book Continued Collection of Old and New Theological Matters , Fröschel reported on the considerations, decisions, and processes surrounding Luther's reform of worship at that time, in which Fröschel was also directly involved. Luther placed the sermon right at the center of the divine service, immediately behind the creed. To hold the entire service in German appeared to Luther too early at the time.
In 1523 Fröschel was asked by friends there to preach in Leipzig. When the church door was locked for him, there was a crowd. On the report of the bishop, Duke Georg von Sachsen appeared in Leipzig, had Fröschel arrested and expelled him from the country. His opponents sneered that Fröschel had "sucked himself in poison in the Wittenberg heretic pit and became a toad".
In 1525 Fröschel returned to Wittenberg via Halle (Saale) . Here it was from 1528 next to the pastor Johannes Bugenhagen third and the two deacons Georg Rorer and John mantle Deacon at Wittenberg town church. In 1542 he was promoted to archdeacon and remained so until his death in 1570. Philipp Melanchthon provided the passionate preacher Fröschel with exegetical and dogmatic material for decades. Luther also made critical remarks about Fröschel's quite general scolding sermons, but Diaconus Fröschel was also allowed to represent Luther himself at ordinations and was often a guest of his family.
- Conciones explicantes integrum evangelium S. Matthaei, 1558 (written down by Melanchthon for Fs sermons and edited by F.; reprinted under Ms Werken CR XIV, 535 ff .; from it German: Kurtze Interpretation of several chapters of Ev. c. V-VIII, 1559);
- Catechism, 1559 (new probably edition 1560. 1562. 1564);
- From the Kgr. Christi, 1566.
- Froschel, (Sebast.). In: Johann Heinrich Zedler : Large complete universal lexicon of all sciences and arts . Volume 9, Leipzig 1735, column 2154.
- Johann Christoph von Dreyhaupt : Pagus Neletizi et Nudzici, or detailed diplomatic-historical description of the former primacy and Ertz-Stifft, but now secularized by the Duchy of Magdeburg, which belongs to the Duchy of Magdeburg, and of all the cities, palaces, offices, Manors, aristocratic families, churches, monasteries, parishes and villages, especially the cities of Halle, Neumarckt, Glaucha, Wettin, Löbegün, Cönnern and Alsleben; From Actis publicis and credible ... news, collected diligently, reinforced with many unprinted documents, adorned with copperplate engravings and abstracts, and provided with the necessary registers. Emanuel Schneider, Halle 1750, vol. 2, p. 617 ( online )
- Christian Gottlieb Jöcher : General scholarly lexicon . Johann Friedrich Gleditsch, Leipzig, 1750, vol. 2, col. 787 ( online )
- Heinrich Wilhelm Rotermund : Renewed memory of the men who worked for and against the Lutheri Reformation. Wilhelm Kaiser, Bremen, 1818, vol. 1, p. 375 ( online )
- Wilhelm Beste : The most important pulpit speakers of the older Lutheran church, from Luther to Spener, in biographies and a selection of their sermons. Gustav Mayer, Leipzig, 1856, vol. 1, p. 249 ff. ( Online )
- Franz Oskar Germann: Fröschel, Sebastian . In: Realencyklopadie for Protestant Theology and Church (RE). 3. Edition. Volume 6, Hinrichs, Leipzig 1899, pp. 295-296.
- Franz Oskar Germann: Sebastian Fröschel, his life and his writings. In: Contributions to the Saxon church history. Johann Ambrosius Barth, Leipzig, 1899, vol. 14, p. 1 ff. ( Online )
- Maximilian Weigel: The relations of the deacon M. Sebastian Fröschel in Wittenberg to his hometown Amberg. In: Journal for Bavarian Church History. 1939, vol. 14 ( online )
- Heinz Scheible: Melanchthon's correspondence. Friedrich Fromann / Günther Holzboog, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, 2005, ISBN 3-7728-2258-4 , Vol. 12, p. 99 ( online )
- Clemens Brockhaus : Fröschel, Sebastian . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, p. 149 f.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz : Fröschel, Sebastian. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 2, Bautz, Hamm 1990, ISBN 3-88309-032-8 , Sp. 139-140.
- Sebastian Fröschel at the German Digital Library
- Sebastian Fröschel (1497-1570) at the Post-Reformation Digital Library
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German theologian of the Reformation period|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 24, 1497|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Amberg , Upper Palatinate|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 20, 1570|
|Place of death||Wittenberg|