|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Rennerod|
|Height :||460 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||18.14 km 2|
|Residents:||4398 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||242 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56477|
|Area code :||02664|
|License plate :||WW|
|Community key :||07 1 43 286|
|LOCODE :||DE RND|
|City structure:||2 districts|
|Association administration address:||Hauptstrasse 55
|City Mayor :||Raimund Scharwat ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Rennerod in the Westerwaldkreis|
Rennerod is a town in the Westerwaldkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is the administrative seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Rennerod to which it belongs. Rennerod is designated as a basic center according to state planning .
Rennerod is located in the Westerwald on the federal road 54 (B 54) between Limburg an der Lahn in the south and Siegen in the north and is traversed by the Holzbach. To the north-east of the city is the high Alsberg , about three kilometers to the north-north-east of the Breitenbachtalsperre , which dams the Breitenbach (eastern Nister tributary).
The city consists of the core city Rennerod and the district Emmerichenhain.
Rennerod was first mentioned in a document as Reynderode in 1217. However, it was founded in the Carolingian era. The settlement was important because of its location on several trade routes that connected Siegerland , Koblenz , Frankfurt, the Lahn region and Mainz . The field names "Seltzerweg" and "Selßer Heck" refer to the salt trade on this route. Probably in the middle of the 11th century, the settlement was surrounded by the Counts of Diez , probably also to protect the northern border of the Niederlahngau .
After the Counts of Diez, the Nassau lines were Nassau-Diez sovereigns, from 1420 half and from 1557 three-quarters Nassau-Dillenburg , and Eppstein-Königstein , Kurtrier , Katzenelnbogen and the Landgraviate of Hesse . From 1564 Rennerod belonged completely to Nassau-Dillenburg, from 1606 to Nassau-Beilstein , from 1620 to Nassau-Hadamar , from 1717 to Nassau-Diez, from 1743 to Nassau-Orange and from 1806 to the Grand Duchy of Berg . The Merenberg house had considerable property in the Renneroder district. The house of Runkel owned the church patronage as well as other manorial rights. Further rights lay with the Lords of Westerburg and other noble houses and church institutions.
In 1452 at the latest, Rennerod was the seat of a cengrave and thus a court for the first time . By 1591, Rennerod finally asserted itself as a market town and administrative seat against Emmerichenhain, which at times also held the seat of the court. The neck jurisdiction was only enforced in Rennerod until around 1650. The last documentary evidence for a tithe count there dates from 1731. In 1720 a new office was set up, which took over the functions of the judicial district in the following years. The bailiff was initially in Rennerod, later in Westernohe , and from 1744 the administration of the administration was carried out from Hadamar . From 1775 Rennerod was again the seat of the Rennerod office , which remained until the time of the Duchy of Nassau .
Rennerod was initially cared for from Seck . In 1344 the parish fell to the Gemünden Abbey . In 1362 the first chapel was built in Rennerod, which was consecrated to Marie and Saint Huprecht. In 1565 Rennerod became a Lutheran . After various shifts in the parish as a result of the Reformation , a separate parish was set up for Rennerod in 1614, which was also responsible for some of the surrounding towns. The following year the first rectory was built. Between 1614 and 1631 the chapel was expanded into a parish church. In 1631 the parish became Catholic again. In 1777 the dilapidated tower of the church had to be torn down and rebuilt smaller in the following year. In 1876 the church was completely rebuilt. The St. Antons Chapel was built in 1665.
From 1609 a schoolmaster is guaranteed for Rennerod, for 1738 a school house. In 1750 the (reformed) parish and school house was built from the renovated house of the Flick family of the tithe counts. From 1812 it served as a gendarmerie barracks and a forage magazine . After the reformed parish was abolished, the Catholic parish bought it in 1817 as a rectory.
The main source of income for Rennerod has been agriculture over the centuries . Due to the location on the trunk road, there were numerous inns. Lignite was still being mined in the 18th century , but with a low yield. Millstone quarries are documented for the 16th and 18th centuries . A cattle and junk market was first recorded in 1742 and for the last time in 1811, a mill for the first time in 1454.
The current community was formed on June 7, 1969 as part of the regional reform from the communities Emmerichenhain and Rennerod. On March 14, 1971, Rennerod received city rights . In 1972 Rennerod became the administrative seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Rennerod , to which the town of Rennerod and 22 independent local communities belong.
- Population development
The development of the population of Rennerod, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Emmerichenhain was first mentioned in 1258. The place name can be traced back to the personal name of an Imbricho or Embricho. In the Count's House of the Niederlahngau , later the Diez House , this name appeared several times in the 11th century, so that the origin of the place can be found there, even if it was just outside the Gau itself. This foundation was probably initiated by the location on important trade routes and the ford over the Nister .
In 1555, Emperor Charles V granted the Counts of Nassau-Beilstein the right to hold two annual markets in Emmerichenhain. By 1258 at the latest, the place was also the seat of the court and, with Marienberg and Neukirch, the center of one of the three parishes of the rulership of the Westerwald , from 1613 it belonged to different territories of the House of Nassau , and during the Napoleonic period it belonged to the Duchy of Berg for a short time . At least temporarily in the 16th century, the court in Emmerichenhains also acted as a court of appeal for all courts of the rule. By the beginning of the 17th century, however, Rennerod took over the function of market place and court seat.
The church consecrated to St. Lawrence was probably built together with the place. It was certainly a daughter church of the church in Herborn, the main town of the Herborn Mark . In 1717 the previous building of today's church was demolished down to the foundation walls and the church was rebuilt. In 1743 the tower of this structure collapsed and was rebuilt the following year. The rectory was burned down in 1635 when mercenary troops moved through, and new buildings followed in 1715 and 1807. In 1532 the Reformation was introduced in the place.
The church was the center of a parish , the area of which was largely congruent with that of the Emmerichenhain court. The following places in parish and court have been handed down for the 15th and 16th centuries: Homberg , Möhrendorf, Niederroßbach , Nister , Oberroßbach , Rehe , Salzburg , Waigandshain , Zehnhausen and several places that were already deserted at that time. By 1534 at the latest there was a separate mayor for the parish. By 1589 at the latest, a school for the entire parish was set up in the village, which had its own house before 1634. In 1737 a new school building was built. Since the 17th century, branch schools have been set up in several places in the vast parish. Jewish residents are mentioned for the first time in 1685.
A mill is first mentioned in 1485. By 1562 at the latest, it served the sovereigns as accommodation in the event of their presence in the rulership, was accordingly richly furnished and the only stone building next to the churches of the three parishes in the rulership. The mill also served as an inn. Overall, Emmerichenhain housed a very large number of taverns for a place of its size, which is due to its location on important trade routes. In 1614 the place is guaranteed as the seat of an executioner who was later also a skinner for the entire rule on the Westerwald. In 1663, Nassau-Diez built a farm in the village, which in 1750 became a branch of the Dillenburg stud to improve horse breeding in the region. In 1773 a wooden bridge over the Nister was completed. In 1783 the first pharmacy for the offices of Rennerod and Marienberg was set up in Emmerichenhain, and in 1803 the office physician was added for these two offices as well as for the office of Mengerskirchen.
In 1534 eight Vogtleute and eight Nassau-Beilsteiner owners are mentioned for the place. In 1577 there were eleven compulsory houses, in 1622 ten houses, in 1643 there are still five residents, in 1711 15 families again. In 1741 a total of 185 inhabitants is mentioned for the first time and in 1807 a total of 305 inhabitants.
Several desolations are occupied for today's Renneroder district. Finkenhain was about 1.5 kilometers east of Rennerod, north of the Funkenhahn height. The place is first mentioned in 1213. Himmenhain was first mentioned in 1213. Seiblingen is first mentioned in 1525. The Seitenstein , first mentioned in 1408, was 1.5 kilometers west of Rennerod on the border with Gemünden and was probably just a homestead. The Fuhrmannshof , first mentioned in 1431, was located roughly at the point of contact today between the Westernohe, Rehe and Oberrod districts. It has been handed down that there, in 1525, the border between Rennerod and the Beilsteinian deer ran across the inn table. Murndorf , which was first mentioned in 1362, was located northwest of Emmerichenhain . The place seems to have been desolate for the first time as early as 1440, but has since been settled again. In 1607 at the latest it must have become completely desolate. In 1534 two Vogtleute people and a Nassau-Beilsteiner Eigenmann are named for Murndorf, and in 1577 two houses with compulsory service. Breidenbach was about 600 m northeast of Emmerichenhain. The place was first mentioned in 1360 and was also desolate in 1607 at the latest.
The city council in Rennerod consists of 20 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
- WGE = Voting Community Emmerichenhain e. V.
Mayor of Rennerod is Raimund Scharwat (SPD). In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with a share of the vote of 76.63%.
coat of arms
The city coat of arms shows in blue two red-armored and -tongued golden lions walking on top of each other. Modeled on the Nassau municipal seal that had existed since 1816, it was approved as the town's coat of arms on May 21, 1940.
Every year three weeks after Pentecost, the parish fair, the Hubertus fair, takes place in Rennerod.
Economy and Infrastructure
- In the city the federal highways 54 , which connects Limburg an der Lahn with Siegen and 255 , which leads from Montabaur to Marburg , cross.
- The next motorway junction is Herborn on the Bundesautobahn 45 Dortmund - Aschaffenburg , about 20 kilometers away and the Montabaur A 3 junction ( Cologne - Frankfurt am Main ) about 35 kilometers away.
- Rennerod was on the former Westerwaldquerbahn . The Steinringsberg –Rennerod section was closed on May 31, 1959, the Rennerod - Montabaur section on May 31, 1981. The Railway Association Westerwald Querbahn (IWQ) e. V. is endeavoring to resume local public transport (SPNV) on the remaining sections of the Westerwaldquerbahn between Rennerod and Westerburg and between Wallmerod and Montabaur.
- The closest ICE stops are the Montabaur and Limburg Süd stations , both of which are on the Cologne – Rhein / Main high-speed line.
- The closest connection to the railway is today at Westerburg station on the Oberwesterwaldbahn, about twelve kilometers away . Here the trains of the line RB 90 (Westerwald-Sieg-Bahn) ( Limburg an der Lahn - Diez Ost- Westerburg - Nistertal / Bad Marienberg - Hachenburg - Altenkirchen - Au (Sieg) - Wissen (Sieg) - Siegen - Kreuztal ) run Hessian state railway , Dreiländerbahn area according to the Rhineland-Palatinate cycle on behalf of the SPNV Nord regional association every hour.
- In Au (Sieg) there is a connection to the trains of the victory route Cologne – Siegburg / Bonn - Troisdorf - Au (Sieg) - Betzdorf (Sieg) - Siegen. In Limburg (Lahn) there is a connection to Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Koblenz, Siershahn and Gießen.
- Rennerod is on bus route 116 (Rennerod - Westerburg - Montabaur - Koblenz ) operated by the DB subsidiary Rhein-Mosel-Bus , which runs daily. In December 2017, a bus line to Herborn was also set up.
The Steinsberg elementary school and the Realschule Plus “Hoher Westerwald” are located in Rennerod.
Born in Rennerod
- Adolph Raht (1789–1858), Nassau judge and member of the state parliament
- Leander Petzoldt (* 1934), folklorist and narrative researcher
- Jörg Kühn (* 1952), architect and university professor
- Hellmuth Gensicke : On the local history of Nassau: parish and court of Neukirch. In: Nassauische Annalen 1981 , pp. 150-168.
- Ders .: On the local history of Nassau: court and parish Rennerod. In: Nassauische Annalen 1984 , pp. 239-254.
- Ders .: Parish and court of Emmerichenhain . In: Association for Nassau antiquity and historical research (Hrsg.): Nassauische Annalen . tape 101 . Publishing house of the Association for Nassau Antiquities and Historical Research, Wiesbaden 1990, p. 231-254 .
- Website of the city of Rennerod
- Website of the Verbandsgemeinde Rennerod
- Rennerod at regionalgeschichte.net
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: Regional data.
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 177, 187 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: City Council Election 2019 Rennerod. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Rennerod, Verbandsgemeinde, 15th line of results. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
- SPNV Nord, 60th Association Assembly, Item 6: Deutschlandtakt: Evaluation of the current planning status from the perspective of SPNV-Nord , December 5, 2018, p. 60, accessed on December 20, 2018