|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Hachenburg|
|Height :||265 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.69 km 2|
|Residents:||416 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||113 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57629|
|Area code :||02662|
|License plate :||WW|
|Community key :||07 1 43 257|
|Association administration address:||Gartenstrasse 11
|Local Mayor :||Ralph Hilger|
|Location of the local community Limbach in the Westerwaldkreis|
Limbach is a municipality in the Westerwaldkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate . The agriculturally structured residential community belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Hachenburg . Limbach is a state-approved resort .
The place is located at an altitude of 250 m in the Westerwald between Limburg an der Lahn and Siegen , six kilometers from Hachenburg in the valley of the Kleine Nister in the nature and landscape protection area of Kroppacher Schweiz , directly on the long-distance hiking trail Westerwaldsteig . The neighboring towns are Heimborn in the west, Atzelgift in the east, Astert in the south and Heuzert in the southwest of the place. To the south lies the Aßberg ( ).
Limbach was first mentioned in a document in a deed of donation in 1346, but the place with the ending -bach is likely to be much older. The name of the place is derived from the loam brook flowing into the Kleine Nister within the village. In earlier times the Assberg roof slate pit and the Limbacher Mühle had economic importance . This pit is mentioned for the first time in the year. In 1802 a pre-industrial wire drawing shop is mentioned in the village, in 1805 a second one. The trade is mentioned for the last time in 1838. A rolling mill for sheet iron was operated from 1818 to 1835, and a bone mill in 1850. Limbach had twelve houses in 1579, eight fireplaces in 1653, 25 men in 1714, 130 in 1760 and 107 in 1818.
The village of Limbach belonged to the parish of Kroppach and until the end of the 18th century it belonged to the county of Sayn . After the introduction of the Reformation in the county of Sayn, the inhabitants were first Lutheran and later reformed. After the state division of the County of Sayn in the 17th century, Limbach belonged to the County of Sayn-Hachenburg .
In 1799 the county was inherited by the princes of Nassau-Weilburg . In connection with the formation of the Rhine Confederation , the region and with it Limbach came to the newly established Duchy of Nassau in 1806 . Under the Nassau administration, Limbach was assigned to the Hachenburg office. After the annexation of the Duchy of Nassau, the place came to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866 and from 1868 belonged to the province of Hessen-Nassau and the Oberwesterwaldkreis . Limbach has been part of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate since 1946 .
- Cultural monuments
- Population development
The development of the population of Limbach, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Ralph Hilger became the local mayor of Limbach in 2019. Since there were no applicants for the direct election on May 26, 2019, the election was carried out by the council in accordance with the municipal regulations.
Hilger's predecessor Klaus Sassmannshausen had held the office for 15 years.
A partnership with the municipality of Kács in Hungary has existed since 1998 .
Culture and sights
The Limbach Village Museum has been in operation in an old barn in Limbach since 1987. Over a thousand exhibits on local history are presented.
To the south of the town is the medieval roof slate mine Assberg, which was first mentioned in a document in 1548 in a certificate from the Marienstatt monastery . In it, slates were extracted first in the open pit and later also underground and processed into roofing slate. With slate from the Assberg mine is u. a. the Hachenburg Castle and the monastery covered Marienstatt. Today the roof slate pit has been expanded into a freely accessible visitor mine. It is right on the Westerwaldsteig .
The Hohe Ley rock () is also on the southern edge of the village .
The landmark of Limbach is the stone arch bridge over the Kleine Nister. It was built from rubble stones in 1871 when its predecessor, a wooden bridge, had already collapsed in parts. The construction costs were 1467 guilders, with the community receiving a grant of 1208 guilders. The bridge was renovated in 1978 and is considered a monument worth preserving .
The bridge festival has been held here on the second Saturday in July every year since 1971. Several thousand visitors now come to the small town for this summer night festival.
The herb market in Limbach takes place every two years on the third Sunday in August and is the largest and most unique natural market in the Westerwald. It has been carried out on a voluntary basis by the Limbach village community since 1985. All income goes to the Westerwald problem children.
Limbacher Dorfmusikanten 1919 eV, Harmonie men's choir, Limbach cultural and tourist association, Blau-Weiß sports association.
Economy and Infrastructure
The federal highway 414 runs south of the village and leads from Hohenroth to Hachenburg . The next motorway junctions are Siegen , Wilnsdorf and Herborn on the A 45 ( Dortmund - Gießen ). The next connection points to the A 3 ( Cologne - Frankfurt am Main ) are Montabaur and Ransbach-Baumbach . The closest ICE stop is Montabaur train station on the Cologne – Rhein / Main high-speed line .
Sons and daughters of the place
- Guido Becker (1915–1993), Cistercian and Abbot of Val-Dieu (Belgium) 1974–1992
- Hellmuth Gensicke : The parish of Kroppach. In: Nassauische Annalen 83. 1972, pp. 209-231.
- Heinz Leyendecker: "Assberg" roof slate mine in Limbach , in: Wäller Heimat (2003), pp. 78–81.
- Heinz Leyendecker: Local history of Limbach, Westerwald, in Kroppacher Switzerland. History, chronology, traces of time, administration, pictures, people, associations, field names, language, economy, events, legends etc. of a Westerwalddorf , Limbach 2007, ISBN 978-3-00-021676-3 .
- Local community Limbach (Ed.): 650 years Limbach. 1346-1996. Festschrift , Limbach 1996.
- Daniel Schneider: The mill trade in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 59 (2016), pp. 219–237.
- Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in plan , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 58 (2015), pp. 74-80.
- Dieter Trautmann: The field names of the district Limbach , in: From land and people at the Nister 29 (2008), pp. 1–32.
- Website of the local community Limbach
- Local community Limbach on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Hachenburg
- Website of the village museum and the Assberg slate mine
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- and now - Limbach in the Westerwald. Retrieved March 14, 2020 .
- Heinz Leyendecker: “Assberg” roof slate mine in Limbach , in: Wäller Heimat (2003), pp. 78–81.
- For the historical development of the mills in the County of Sayn see Daniel Schneider: Das Mühlengewerbe in der Grafschaft Sayn-Altenkirchen , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 59 (2016), pp. 219-237.
- Landscape Museum Westerwald Hachenburg: Westerwald articles 1 - Natural and cultural-historical monuments in the Westerwald: Kroppacher Switzerland and Hachenburg . Hachenburg 1981, p. 63.
- Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the ground plan , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 58 (2015), pp. 74-80.
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The current municipal council (election 2019). Limbach parish, accessed on June 7, 2020 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Hachenburg, Verbandsgemeinde, 16th line of results. Retrieved June 7, 2020 .
- Nadja Hoffmann-Heidrich: Primary elections in the Verbandsgemeinde Hachenburg: Does Limbach have to be administered externally soon? Westerwälder Zeitung, April 30, 2019, accessed June 7, 2020 .