Knowledge (city)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Wissen
Knowledge (city)
Map of Germany, location of the city of Wissen highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 47 '  N , 7 ° 44'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
Association municipality : Knowledge
Height : 200 m above sea level NHN
Area : 34.88 km 2
Residents: 8315 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 238 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 57537
Area code : 02742
License plate : AK
Community key : 07 1 32 117
Association administration address: Rathausstrasse 75
57537 Knowledge
Website :
City Mayor : Berno Neuhoff (CDU)
Location of the city of Wissen in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
Friesenhagen Harbach (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Niederfischbach Mudersbach Brachbach Kirchen (Sieg) Herdorf Daaden Emmerzhausen Mauden Derschen Nisterberg Friedewald (Westerwald) Weitefeld Niederdreisbach Schutzbach Grünebach Alsdorf (Westerwald) Betzdorf Scheuerfeld Wallmenroth Willroth Krunkel Horhausen (Westerwald) Pleckhausen Güllesheim Obersteinebach Niedersteinebach Bürdenbach Eulenberg (Westerwald) Peterslahr Rott (Westerwald) Burglahr Oberlahr Eichen (Westerwald) Seifen (Westerwald) Seelbach (Westerwald) Flammersfeld Kescheid Reiferscheid Berzhausen Obernau (Westerwald) Walterschen Schürdt Orfgen Ziegenhain (Westerwald) Giershausen Katzwinkel (Sieg) Birken-Honigsessen Wissen (Stadt) Hövels Mittelhof Nauroth Elkenroth Rosenheim (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Kausen Dickendorf Malberg (Westerwald) Steinebach/Sieg Fensdorf Gebhardshain Elben (Westerwald) Steineroth Molzhain Selbach (Sieg) Forst (bei Wissen, Sieg) Bitzen Etzbach Roth (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Bruchertseifen Fürthen Hamm (Sieg) Seelbach bei Hamm (Sieg) Breitscheidt Pracht Birkenbeul Niederirsen Kircheib Hirz-Maulsbach Fiersbach Mehren (Westerwald) Rettersen Ersfeld Hasselbach (Westerwald) Forstmehren Kraam Werkhausen Oberirsen Weyerbusch Hemmelzen Neitersen Birnbach Ölsen Schöneberg (Westerwald) Stürzelbach Fluterschen Oberwambach Berod bei Hachenburg Gieleroth Almersbach Altenkirchen (Westerwald) Michelbach (Westerwald) Ingelbach Sörth Mammelzen Eichelhardt Idelberg Isert Helmeroth Racksen Volkerzen Hilgenroth Obererbach (Westerwald) Bachenberg Busenhausen Heupelzen Wölmersen Kettenhausen Helmenzen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Neuwied Westerwaldkreis Landkreis Neuwiedmap
About this picture

Knowledge , also knowledge / victory , is a town in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald) in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is the administrative seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Wissen , to which it also belongs. The city is a state-approved climatic health resort and designated as a middle center according to state planning .

Knowledge, aerial view (2017)



The city is located on the Sieg about 35 km southwest of Siegen , centrally between the Altenkirchener Oberkreis and the lower district on the northern foothills of the Westerwald at the transition to the Bergisches Land and the Siegerland .

City structure

The city of Wissen includes the districts of Alserberg, Altenbrendebach, Brückhöfe, Dorn, Ende, Endepfuhl, Glatteneichen, Hausen, Hufe, Köttingen, Neubrendebach, Neuhöfchen, Niederhombach, Nisterbrück, Oberhombach, Pirzenthal, Schönstein , Weidacker, Wendlingen and several hamlets and farms.

Knowledge (city), smooth oaks, aerial photo (2017)

History and Development


The first historical mention of the place took place in the year 913. The original settlement was founded in the second settlement period in the cleared area on the edge of the Archdiocese of Cologne and was named "Wisnerofanc" in 1048.

The Lords of Arenberg , Burgraves of Kurköln , received the manorial rule in 1176. After they died out in 1280, the Archbishopric of Cologne moved the parish Wissen left der Sieg in as a completed fiefdom. The part of the parish on the right of the Sieg remained with the Lords of Wildenburg , whose line Werther of the House of Hatzfeldt-Wildenburg later also took Wissen on the left as a fief.

From 1803 to 1815 the parts of the parish came to Nassau , after which the parish was united under Prussian rule and Wissen became the seat of a mayor's office . In the 19th century, the transport connections of knowledge were considerably improved and larger industrial companies also settled there. Knowledge to the left of victory and knowledge to the right of victory were initially politically independent communities before they were united on October 1, 1952 to form the new community of Wissen. On April 19, 1969, Wissen was granted city rights. The three previously independent municipalities of Elbergrund , Köttingerhöhe and Schönstein were incorporated on June 7, 1969.

Population development

The development of the population in relation to today's urban area of ​​Wissen, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 2,629
1835 3.151
1871 4,623
1905 6,282
1939 7,702
1950 8,447
1961 9,166
year Residents
1970 8,951
1987 8,321
1997 8,814
2005 8,538
2011 8,210
2017 8,419
Population development of knowledge from 1815 to 2017 according to the adjacent table


City council

town hall
City Council Election 2019 Knowledge
Participation: 54.6% (+ 4.0%)
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p

The City Council in Knowledge consists of 24 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city ​​mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the city council:

choice SPD CDU FDP GREEN FWG total
2019 6th 11 - 3 4th 24 seats
2014 8th 13 0 1 2 24 seats
2009 8th 13 1 - 2 24 seats
2004 6th 15th 1 - 2 24 seats
  • FWG = Free Voting Group Verbandsgemeinde Wissen e. V.


Berno Neuhoff has been mayor since June 18, 2017. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed with 75.29% of the votes.

coat of arms

City arms

Coat of arms of knowledge
Blazon : "A black St. Andrew's cross in silver."

The coat of arms represents the coat of arms of the court of Wissen, handed down in a seal from 1539 - a St. Andrew's cross - and was already part of the previous coat of arms. On October 2, 1968, the former municipality of Wissen was granted approval by the Koblenz district government to use the version that is valid today.

Justification of the coat of arms: The colors, black cross on a silver background, indicate that knowledge belonged to the Electorate of Cologne at the time of the old empire . By keeping the old symbols, the memory of the mining industry that has been around for almost 1000 years should be kept alive. The St. Andrew's Cross is still the most important warning sign underground today.

Historical coat of arms

Coat of arms of knowledge
Blazon : "In silver an oblique left blue wavy bar, above a floating black St. Andrew's cross, underneath three red heraldic roses with golden lugs and green sepals."
Establishment of the coat of arms: The municipal coat of arms, approved in 1960, symbolizes the location, development and earlier history of the village. The wavy bar indicates the amalgamation of parts of the previously independent communities Wissen right and Wissen der Sieg 1952. The district to the left of the river belonged to the electoral state of Cologne in 1803, on whose cross arms the colors black and silver refer, whereby the St. Andrew's cross is reminiscent of the image seal of the court of Wissen from 1539. The roses are borrowed from the coat of arms of the Lords of Wildenburg-Hatzfeld; Knowing right the victory was once part of their eponymous rule.

Town twinning

The city of Wissen maintains partnerships with the cities of Chagny (since 1968) in France , with the garden city of Letchworth (since 1983) in England and Krapkowice (Ger. Krappitz, since 2000) in Poland.

Culture and sights

Schönstein Castle


Regular events

The largest regular events are the annual rifle festival of the Schützenverein Wissen as well as the Schützenfest in the Schönstein district, the fair of the Catholic youth, the spring concert of the town and fire brigade band Wissen and the carnival program with the parade through the city on Carnival Tuesday.

Numerous events of the most varied kinds also take place in the KulturWERKwissen event hall, which was opened in 2009. The biggest event here is the NachtSchicht (industrial culture Westerwald & Sieg), which takes place every year in June.

Economy and Infrastructure

Industrial companies

Knowledge was, among other things, the headquarters of the commercial vehicle manufacturer Nistertal Walter Niepenberg Maschinenfabrik , which, in addition to its vehicle production, gained international fame as a supplier for the automotive industry and for the production of electrical welding equipment.


Knowledge regional train station, 2007

The Wissen (Sieg) train station is on the Cologne – Siegen railway line ( KBS 460 ). It is currently served by the SPNV line RE 9 and the RB 90 of the Hessische Landesbahn (HLB).

line Line course Tact
RE 9 Rhein-Sieg-Express :
Aachen Hbf  - Aachen-Rothe Erde  - Stolberg (Rheinl) Hbf  - Eschweiler Hbf  - Langerwehe  - Düren  - Horrem  - Cologne-Ehrenfeld  - Cologne Hbf  - Cologne Messe / Deutz  - Porz (Rhein)  - Troisdorf  - Siegburg / Bonn  - Hennef (Sieg)  - Eitorf  - Herchen  - Schladern (Sieg)  - Au (Sieg)  - Wissen (Sieg)  - Betzdorf (Sieg)  - Kirchen  - Brachbach  - Siegen Hbf
Status: timetable change December 2017
60 min
RB 90 Westerwald-Sieg-Bahn :
Siegen Hbf  - Betzdorf (Sieg)  - Au (Sieg)  - Altenkirchen (Westerwald)  - Westerburg  - Limburg (Lahn)
Mon – Fri two pairs of trains to / from Kreuztal
Status: timetable change December 2017
60 min

The regional train station, which changed the appearance of the city, was inaugurated in November 2006. The cost of the project amounted to around 14 million euros.

In the past there was also a railway connection to Morsbach (Sieg) with the southern route of the Wissertalbahn , which was destroyed in the Second World War between Morsbach-Volperhausen and Wissen (Sieg), dismantled due to reparations payments and no longer rebuilt.

Public facilities

The St. Antonius Hospital Knowledge is an institution of the non-profit society of the Franciscans in Olpe mbH . In addition to the psychiatric institute outpatient clinic with two connected day clinics, the offer includes the St. Hildegard retirement home and the church welfare station.

Educational institutions

In the city of Wissen there is the Franziskus elementary school , the Marion-Dönhoff- Realschule plus as well as a vocational school , the Kopernikus-Gymnasium and two special schools.


sons and daughters of the town

People connected to knowledge

  • Josefine Doerner (1895–1968), politician, lived close to Wissen in Schönstein
  • Hanns-Josef Ortheil (* 1951), German writer, professor of creative writing, grew up partly in knowledge and now lives in Stuttgart and Wissen
  • Thomas Enders (born December 21, 1958 in Neuschlade) CEO of the Airbus Group (formerly EADS), attended the Kopernikus-Gymnasium in knowledge.
  • Eda Jahns (* 1939 in Graz) politician (SPD), member of the state parliament, lives in knowledge
  • Jessica Weller (* 1983 in Wissen) politician (CDU), member of the state parliament, attended Kopernikus-Gymnasium in Wissen .

See also


  • Knowing homeland book. Chronicle of the knowledge office (victory). Published by Wissener Heimatfreunde. Sieg-Post-Druckerei, Wissen 1951.
  • Lorenz Gilles: April 19, 1969: Knowledge became a city. A report with pictures by Dieter Buslau among others . G. Nising, Wissen 1969. Online edition dilibri Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Karl Friedrich Everke: Knowledge. A sketch. With pictures by Horst Huppert among others . G. Nising, Knowledge 1968.

Web links

Commons : Knowledge  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  3. The History of the City of Knowledge
  4. Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 188 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
  5. Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 182 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
  6. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal Council Election 2019 Knowledge. Retrieved November 10, 2019 .
  7. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
  8. Mayor Wissen 2017 - final result. Verbandsgemeinde Wissen, accessed on February 20, 2018 .
  9. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Knowledge, Verbandsgemeinde, last line of results. Retrieved November 10, 2019 .
  10. ^ Verbandsgemeinde Wissen / town twinning. Retrieved October 16, 2016 .
  11. Franz Klanitz: Grafschafter In the footsteps of art. Schmallenberger Sauerland Almanach 1990, p. 149 ff., Westphalian Slate Mining Museum Schmallenberg-Holthausen (Ed.)
  12. Psychiatric Institute Outpatient Clinics (PIAs). St. Antonius Hospital Knowledge, accessed on March 5, 2020 .