|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
|Association municipality :||Churches (victory)|
|Height :||240 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.42 km 2|
|Residents:||5857 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||622 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57555|
|Primaries :||0271 (OT Birken, OT Niederschelderhütte) and 02745 (OT Mudersbach)|
|License plate :||AK|
|Community key :||07 1 32 072|
|LOCODE :||DE MSD|
|Community structure:||3 districts|
|Association administration address:||Lindenstrasse 1
57548 Kirchen (Sieg)
|Local Mayor :||Maik Koehler ( CDU )|
|Location of the local community Mudersbach in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
Mudersbach with its three districts Mudersbach, Niederschelderhütte and Birken is a municipality with around 6000 inhabitants in the Siegtal in the extreme northeast of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Geographically and geographically, the community belongs to the Siegerland . The area is hilly to mountainous, heavily forested and partly shaped by volcanic influences. The highest point is the Giebelwald with , whereas the valley of the victory at about lies. The city of Siegen in North Rhine-Westphalia borders on Mudersbach in the northeast . Both centers are only 8 kilometers apart. The next larger town on the Rhineland-Palatinate side is Betzdorf (12 kilometers).
To the right of the Sieg lie the main town of Mudersbach and the Niederschelderhütte district, on the left bank of the Sieg the Birken district and the “Kronacker” settlement belonging to the Mudersbach district. Three road bridges and two railway bridges lead over the Sieg in the municipality, one of which is a border bridge to North Rhine-Westphalia. The district of Niederschelderhütte has merged with the neighboring Siegen- Niederschelden to form a place known colloquially as "Schelden".
Mudersbach was first mentioned in a document around 1188/1190. On a parchment showing recently acquired land from Archbishop Philipp von Heinsberg (1167–1191), there is also a “Morsbag iuxta Froizpreh” (Mudersbach near Freusburg) for 20 marks, the currency of the time. However, one wonders even today whether this might not mean the Oberbergische Morsbach, 26 km further away, where a church was proven as early as 1131. From the high Middle Ages onwards, the von Mudersbach family was mentioned as vassals of the Counts of Sayn , first recorded with Ludwig von Mudersbach in 1252, and probably extinct in the early 16th century. Another document mentioning Mudersbach dates from June 5, 1286. The first absolutely flawless mention of the place as such was made in a document dated August 24, 1456, Bartholomew's Day of that year, on which Johan van Seelbach, Diederich's son and his wife Eelgin their brother and brother-in-law Friedrich van Seelbach and his wife Agnes sell their inheritance that they have in the parish of Kirchfreusburg, namely to "Modersbach" and to the "Stroet".
In 1741, the official actuary Johann Heinrich Lamprecht, who worked in Friedewald, wrote the first detailed report on Mudersbach: Mudersbach has 42 smokers, 275 acres of fields and meadows, spacious, beautiful Hauberge, gives 6 Rtlr. 40 albus 2½ d. Treasure.
During the Second World War , isolated bombs were dropped over Mudersbach from 1941 onwards. In the last months of the war in particular, the air raids caused greater damage in the area. The site itself was reached by US Army units on Good Friday, March 30, 1945 . After a few days of street and house fighting, the fighting in Mudersbach ended with the Americans advancing on April 8, 1945.
Today's Mudersbacher district of Niederschelderhütte was established in the early 18th century with the settlement of a few houses near the Schelder Hütte , a historic ironworks located in the Mudersbach area. In the late 19th century, the place experienced a steep upswing as a residential area for the workers of the new Charlottenhütte steelworks built in 1898 . Today the place has practically grown together with the neighboring Niederschelden, which has belonged to Siegen since 1975 . The Sieg, and with it the state border between North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate , runs right through the steelworks premises. Attempts to change the sometimes confusing situation of a steelworks in two countries by swapping territories failed due to a lack of political will in Mainz and Düsseldorf.
- Population development
The development of the population of Mudersbach, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The municipal council in Mudersbach consists of 22 council members who were elected in the subsequent local elections on September 1, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary local mayor as chairman. The postponement of the election, originally scheduled for the general date on May 26, 2019, had become necessary due to a formal error in the election proposal of the Free Voting Group Stötzel.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
- FWS = Free Voting Group Stötzel e. V.
- 1948-1960: Theodor Frye
- 1960–1964: Adolf Euteneuer
- 1964–1978: Benno Reifenrath
- 1978–1984: Walter Recht (CDU) († 1996)
- 1984-2001 Hans Kraft
- 2002–2004 Brigitte Göbel
- since 2004 Maik Köhler (CDU)
In the direct election on May 26, 2019, Maik Köhler was re-elected with 81.41% of the vote.
coat of arms
The description of the coat of arms reads: "Split shield, in front half a red-armored black imperial eagle in silver, divided at the back, red cross in silver above, silver wind oven below in green".
As a reminder of the "Perdium liberorum virorum" ("The land of free men"), which coincided with the "Haigeromarca" and was directly under the king's command in the early Middle Ages, one half of the shield shows half an imperial eagle. As can be seen from the present documents from 914 and 1048, from which the demarcation of the Haigermark can be seen, Mudersbach belonged to this area.
After 1324, the entire area belonging to Freusburg belonged to Kurtrier . In memory of this, and that the community of Mudersbach is still ecclesiastically assigned to the Diocese of Trier , the red cross was added to the coat of arms.
The wind furnace, based on the shape of the Latène Age smelting furnaces that were excavated in the municipality of Mudersbach, is supposed to symbolize the iron smelting that has been in operation in Mudersbach up to the present day. The green in the field indicates the hauberg economy that is still practiced today.
Culture and sights
- Mudersbach is known for the "Mudersbacher Kirmes", a three-day folk festival with hype, which has been held annually since 1828 on the weekend preceding the first Monday in October (also known as the "Quetschekirmes" after the people in Mudersbach at this time of year) Plum cake).
- The Mudersbach theater group performs four full-length performances annually (during the autumn holidays).
- Other annual events are the Mudersbacher Giebelwaldlauf, organized by the DJK jahnschar Mudersbach eV, the forest festival of the Niederschelderhütte volunteer fire brigade in the Schöppsches Tannen, which takes place every year on the second weekend in July, and the forest festival of the choir "Liederkranz" on the Pentecost weekend in Birken and the like an annual concert of the Siegtaler Musikanten Mudersbach eV
- Mudersbach also takes part in the annual Siegtal Pur event , a car-free Sunday from the Siegquelle to the mouth of the Sieg .
In 1943 Germania Mudersbach played in the top division of the time, the Gauliga Mittelrhein , and won a championship game against FV Engers with 32-0 goals. 1952 Mudersbach became Rhineland champion. The soccer department of TuS has meanwhile been separated from the entire club and merged with the neighboring SC 09 Brachbach. The new club "Sportgemeinschaft Mudersbach-Brachbach" plays in the Siegerland A-Kreisliga.
The Giebelwald (highest mountain Giebelberg, 528 meters above sea level) is ideal for hiking, Nordic walking or mountain biking.
Economy and Infrastructure
The main employer since the 19th century has been the Charlottenhütte or the steelworks in the Niederschelderhütte district. The plant (Krupp-Stahlwerke Südwestfalen), which was taken over by the Krupp Group in the 1970s, produced steel with up to 3,000 employees until 1980. The ironworks or steelworks with its blast furnace chimneys and the slag heaps ("sand heaps") raised on the mountain Birker Ley shaped life in the community for more than a hundred years.
Today the best-known product of the community is not steel, but beer - Erzquell Pils, which is produced in the Erzquell brewery in Niederschelderhütte, which was initially founded as a Siegtal brewery .
In the Siegauen below the district of Birken, the “Mudersbacher Wiesen” industrial area was created in the 1990s.
Because of the spatial and historical proximity to Siegen, the districts of Birken and Niederschelderhütte are often linked to the neighboring city in terms of infrastructure (e.g. local telephone network, cable television, power supply and a city bus from Siegen).
Mudersbach has a primary school in the district of Niederschelderhütte. There was also an indoor swimming pool in Mudersbach, but it is out of order. The premises were only used as a youth club. Today the youth club is located in the new gabled forest hall. The indoor swimming pool was part of the demolished secondary school complex, which at times also served as a vocational school and elementary school. In addition to the community office in Mudersbach, there is a second one in the Niederschelderhütte district. This building houses the municipal administration, the mayor's headquarters, the local building yard and the Niederschelderhütte volunteer fire brigade.
In the “Schinderweiher” natural outdoor pool in the Schindebachtal, you can enjoy swimming from the beginning of June to the end of August. There are two denominational day-care centers in Niederschelderhütte. There are municipal day-care centers in Mudersbach and Birken.
There is a primary school in Niederschelderhütte (Martin Luther Primary School).
In the districts of Mudersbach and Birken, the Catholic population predominates, while in the Niederschelderhütte the Protestant population predominates. There is a Catholic church each in Mudersbach and Niederschelderhütte, St. Matthias in Niederschelderhütte and Maria Himmelfahrt in Mudersbach. The two parishes were merged on January 1st, 2008 together with St. Josef in neighboring Brachbach to form the common parish "Heilig Geist Brachbach-Mudersbach".
The area's good road connections, which can be reached from all directions via the A 45 and A 4, are important for business and tourism . The directly neighboring city of Siegen and the nearby metropolitan areas of Cologne / Bonn , Hagen / Dortmund and Frankfurt can be reached quickly.
The federal highway 62 runs directly through the place. Since December 2016, the last planning section from Siegen-Dreisbach to Niederschelderhütte, which has been planned since the 1980s, has been accessible as an expressway ( Hüttentalstraße ), which has significantly improved the connection to the A45, A4 and Siegen.
The victory route of the Deutsche Bahn runs through Mudersbach . In the municipality are the train stations Brachbach , Mudersbach and Niederschelden , on the RE 9 Rhein-Sieg-Express , ( Aachen - Cologne -Siegburg / Bonn- Au (Sieg) - Siegen ) of the DB Regio NRW , as well as the lines RB93 ( Bad Berleburg - Siegen- Betzdorf (Sieg)) and the RB90 Limburg an der Lahn - Westerburg - Hachenburg - Altenkirchen -Au (Sieg) -Betzdorf-Siegen- Kreuztal of the Hessische Landesbahn HLB stop.
- Adolf Bauer , composer
- Hermann Danz (1906–1945), KPD politician and resistance fighter against National Socialism
- Otto Becher, author of the Mudersbach Chronicles
- Rainer Pohl (* 1944), general practitioner, honorary citizen of Mudersbach since September 25, 2019; honored for his decades of commitment to the medical care of the community and the region
- Alois Stettner (1911–1957), artist and craftsman
- Otto Becher: Chronicle and local history of the community of Mudersbach , Mudersbach 1949.
- Willi Farnschläder (Ed.): Chronicle of the Mudersbach Community , 1999.
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Johann von Mudersbach was a Nassau bailiff from 1457-1489 in Beilstein .
- Siegerländer Heimatkalender 1990, p. 16, 65th edition, Ed. Siegerländer Heimat- und Geschichtsverein eV, Verlag für Heimatliteratur
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- AK-Kurier: Mudersbach has voted: This is the new local council. September 2, 2019, accessed November 5, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- "An honoring commemoration for the dead", Siegerländer Heimatkalender 1997, p. 41, 72nd edition, Ed. Siegerländer Heimat- und Geschichtsverein eV, Verlag für Heimatliteratur
- The State Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see churches (Sieg), Verbandsgemeinde, tenth line of the result. Retrieved November 5, 2019 .
- History TuS Germania Mudersbach ( Memento from February 22, 2012 on WebCite )
- Achim Dörner: Dr. Rainer Pohl is an honorary citizen of Mudersbach. Siegener Zeitung, September 26, 2019, accessed on November 5, 2019 .