|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
|Association municipality :||Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld|
|Height :||302 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.92 km 2|
|Residents:||649 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||110 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57610|
|Area code :||02681|
|License plate :||AK|
|Community key :||07 1 32 040|
|Community structure:||3 districts|
|Association administration address:||Rathausstrasse 13
|Mayoress :||Katja Schütz|
|Location of the local community Gieleroth in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
There are several sources of the Almersbach in the municipality .
Districts are Gieleroth, Amteroth and Herpteroth.
The annual precipitation is 1023 mm. The rainfall is high. They are in the upper quarter of the values recorded in Germany. Lower values are registered at 86% of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in December. In December there is 1.5 times more rainfall than in February. The rainfall varies moderately. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at 39% of the measuring stations .
The places Gieleroth ( Geilnderode , Gelenterode ) and Herpteroth ( Herbeterode , Herpenterode ) were first mentioned in a document from the parish court of Almersbach ( Almerßbach ) from 1408. The parish of Almersbach belonged to the county of Wied ( Wede ) at the time . In 1428 the Cistercian monastery Marienstatt had a farm in Gieleroth. Amteroth ( Ampteroede ) is documented for the first time in the donation book of the Liebfrauenkirche von Hilgenroth from 1464.
Prehistory and early history
The clearing name is recognizable in the names of the three places, the clearing places in the Westerwald were created between the 9th and 14th centuries. The recognized regional researcher Hellmuth Gensicke counts Gieleroth among the older clearing locations. The location on the old " Hohen Strasse " from Cologne to Frankfurt also indicates early settlement. The name ending -roth (= -rod) in Gieleroth could even have been derived from the Celtic word road (for street).
The parish of Almersbach has belonged to the county of Sayn since the 16th century . In 1561, Count Heinrich IV zu Sayn stipulated in his will that “no other religion, doctrine or belief that only the Augsburg confession is understood” should be introduced in the country. Under Count Wilhelm III. In 1605 the denomination was changed from Lutheran to Reformed (Calvinist) teaching until Countess Louise Juliane finally allowed Lutheran teaching again in 1636. Since that time there has been a Reformed and a Lutheran parish with two pastors in the parish of Almersbach . In 1820 the two evangelical denominations were united to form the Uniate Church .
To the northeast of Gieleroth, on the border with Ingelbach , lies the Herzberg (325 m above sea level). There was the castle complex called " Herzburg ", which may have existed as a refuge in prehistoric times . In the Tranchot - Müffling card from 1818/1819 this was recorded as "Die Harzburg". A section wall that has been preserved is registered as a ground monument.
Post station Gieleroth
Since the end of the 17th century there was an Imperial Imperial Post Office and horse changing station in Gieleroth on Cologne-Frankfurter Strasse . The post office was located in the "Reinhardshof", this stands as a cultural monument under monument protection . In 1771 the post office was relocated to Wahlrod . He received the name Reinhardshof later. In 1990 the catering business, most recently as the "Zur Tränke" restaurant, was given up. The nearby “Postweiher” has been protected as a “Protected Landscape Component” since 1986. It is assumed that it already existed at the time of the first documentary mention.
In 1854 a "school community" was set up for the three villages in Herpteroth. During that time, school lessons took place on a monthly basis in the houses of the parents of the students. In 1859 a communal schoolhouse was built in Gieleroth. From 1872 the school was placed under state supervision, previously supervision was carried out by the superintendent . The teachers changed frequently, and in 1890 the school was renovated. In the first half of the 20th century, 60 to 70 students were always taught in a classroom. During the Second World War, soldiers were quartered in the school. In 1957 a new school was built, which now had two classrooms instead of one. The primary school in Gieleroth was closed in mid-1973 and the children have been taught in Altenkirchen since then. A kindergarten was set up in the school building.
From the second half of the 19th century, there were a total of 17 mining fields in the area of today's local community . Individual pits already existed before 1830. Mainly iron was mined, along with lead, copper, zinc and silver, the mines belonged to the Hamm mining area . Mining ceased around 1910. There were also slate pits .
A forest interest group is a special form of a cooperative in which all shareholders originally have equal shares in the cooperative's entire forest ownership. These were created in the 18th century in the counties Sayn-Altenkirchen and Sayn-Hachenburg . The cooperative forest of Amteroth with an area of 68 hectares was divided between the then twelve houses in the village. The shares were tied to the respective house and were inheritable or passed on to a new house owner. Later the shares were halved, so that one share was one twenty-fourth, and the bond with the house was also abandoned. The Amteroth forest interest group still exists today, the cooperative forest covers an area of 52 hectares.
The Gieleroth forest interest group still exists today. It owns 29 hectares of forest and is divided into 18 shares. The Herpteroth forest interest group existed until 1911, they had joint forest ownership of 47 hectares and 18 members. The forest was sold to the state in 1911.
- Amteroth threshing hall, today Amteroth village community center
In 1949, eleven Amterother farmers decided to jointly purchase a powerful threshing machine. They called themselves "Amteroth Threshing Association". In 1950 a hall was built for this threshing machine, which can also be used for other purposes on special occasions, e.g. B. Celebrations was used. The threshing community existed until 1970. After a different use in the meantime, the hall was renovated by the local community in 1987 and has since served as a village community center for the district of Amteroth. The crossed flails in the coat of arms symbolize the district of Amteroth and the communal threshing hall.
- Herpteroth threshing hall
From 1959 Herpteroth also had a threshing hall and a shared threshing machine.
- Well house Herpteroth, village community center Herpteroth
The well house in Herpteroth was built in the early 1990s. It got its name because there used to be a village well at this point. It was built from natural stone in the basement and half-timbered on the upper floor. It serves the Herpteroth district as a village community center.
- Backes Herpteroth
The Backes in Herpteroth were built after the First World War and served the village as a "community oven" for around fifty years. In the early 1990s the building and the old oven were extensively renovated and are used again at village festivals.
- Herpteroth wash house
In 1955, 22 interested parties jointly built a wash house in Herpteroth, which was used according to a set daily schedule. Apart from a one-off payment for participation and the water and electricity money, use was free for the participants in the interest group.
- Village community center Gieleroth
The village community center in the Gieleroth district was built in 1994. One of the reasons was the closure of the restaurant in the historic Reinhardshof.
Until 1803 the three villages belonged to the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen , regionally to the Saynischen Amt Almersbach and to the parish Almersbach. After the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss , Sayn-Altenkirchen came to Nassau-Usingen , in 1806 to the Duchy of Nassau and in 1815 after the treaties of the Congress of Vienna to the Kingdom of Prussia . The border between Prussia and the Duchy of Nassau ran east of Gieleroth and Herpteroth from 1815 to 1866. The neighboring town of Borod was already part of Nassau. Individual boundary stones marked “KP” (Kingdom of Prussia) and “HN” (Duchy of Nassau) are still preserved. Today the border between the Altenkirchen district and the Westerwaldkreis runs here .
Amteroth, Gieleroth and Herpteroth became independent rural communities under Prussia and belonged to the Altenkirchen mayor , which was assigned to the then newly created Altenkirchen district in the Koblenz administrative district in 1816. Part of the hamlet Widderstein (south of the Wied) also belonged to the community of Gieleroth . This structure remained until 1939. On April 1, 1939, the three communities were combined to form the community of Gieleroth. In 1946 Gieleroth came to the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
In 1582 Amteroth counted eleven "smokes" (households or families), Gieleroth ( Gelenroth ) four smokes and Herpteroth ( Herperode ) 15 smokes. More accurate population figures have been available since 1817, in that year Amteroth had 65, Gieleroth 82 and Herpteroth 113 inhabitants. In 2007 the number of inhabitants in the districts of Amteroth was 158, Gieleroth 390 and Herpteroth 153.
The development of the number of inhabitants in relation to today's municipality of Gieleroth; the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The municipal council in Gieleroth consists of twelve council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman. The twelve seats in the municipal council are divided between three groups of voters .
Mayor since 1939
Since the merger in 1939, the following mayors have been or are in Gieleroth (since 1946 under the title of local mayor ):
|1995-2009||Bernd Rüdiger Neeb|
|Since 2009||Katja Schütz|
In the direct election on May 26, 2019, Katja Schütz was confirmed in her office for another five years with a share of the vote of 90.68%.
coat of arms
|Blazon : “The coat of arms is divided by a blue bar with silver wickerwork, on top there is a red post horn in gold, covered with a silver horse's head, on the bottom the coat of arms is split by a curved tip, on the right and left there are green slopes with one each golden oak leaf, in between there is a golden field with crossed red flails. "|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The three ribbons symbolize the three districts or the formerly independent communities of Gieleroth, Herpteroth and Amteroth. The blue color of the bar stands for the headwaters of the Almersbach in the district. Each of the three districts is represented with its own symbol in the coat of arms: the post horn with the horse's head indicates the former post office in Gieleroth, red and gold are the colors of the County of Sayn, to which the place belonged until 1803; the oak leaves stand for Herpteroth and an earlier ravine; the crossed flails on gold stand for Amteroth and for the former threshing barn.|
- The "Rauhe Stein" located in the forest between Oberwambach, Almersbach and Amteroth, about which all sorts of stories are told, from the prehistoric sacrificial site to Christian interpretations.
our village should become more beautiful
The two districts of Amteroth and Herpteroth took part in the state competition Our village should be more beautiful several times from 1973 to the 1990s . Some placements on the district level could be achieved. At the state level, Amteroth was awarded the silver badge and a special prize for “exemplary ecological performance” in 1995. Herpteroth was able to take sixth place in the main class in 1993.
The three districts have among themselves and in the neighboring villages Ortsnecknamen :
- The inhabitants of Amteroth ("Amdert"), in dialect the "Amder", are called "Quötschebüch" (plum bellies) because there are many orchards and plum trees there and the residents are supposed to eat these plums in excess.
- The inhabitants of Gieleroth ("Gillert"), in dialect the "Gillerder", are called "Mockers" because around 1830 the Herpteroths were raised by the Gielerothers because of their many children.
- The inhabitants of Herpteroth ("Herptert"), in local dialect the "Herpter", are called "Säuköttelspetzer" (pig dung sharpeners) because they like to argue about unnecessary issues, in the sense of "going to extremes".
- Local community Gieleroth (Ed.): Gieleroth. Gieleroth - Herpteroth - Amteroth. 1408-2008. Home in Transition , Gieleroth 2008.
- Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 58 (2015). Pp. 74-80.
- Internet presence of the local community Gieleroth
- Gieleroth. (PDF; 16 MB) Gieleroth - Herpteroth - Amteroth, 1408–2008 Home in Transition. Local community Gieleroth, nature and environmental protection association Gieleroth e. V.(local history).
- School chronicle of Gieleroth and surrounding communities, before 1854–1914. (PDF; 146 kB) November 17, 2005.
- Local community Gieleroth on the website of the Association of Altenkirchen
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 10 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Gieleroth. (PDF; 16 MB) Gieleroth - Herpteroth - Amteroth, 1408–2008 Home in Transition. Local community Gieleroth, nature and environmental protection association Gieleroth e. V., accessed on November 5, 2019 (Ortschronik).
- On denominational development cf. Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan, pp. 74-80.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved November 5, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections.
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld, Verbandsgemeinde, 17th line of results. Retrieved December 24, 2019 .