|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
|Association municipality :||Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld|
|Height :||228 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||0.61 km 2|
|Residents:||412 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||675 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57610|
|Area code :||02681|
|License plate :||AK|
|Community key :||07 1 32 001|
|LOCODE :||DE ZRA|
|Association administration address:||Rathausstrasse 13
|Local Mayor :||Klaus Quast|
|Location of the local community Almersbach in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
The municipality of Almersbach is located in the Wied valley and on the hills surrounding the valley about two kilometers south of the district town of Altenkirchen . Other neighboring towns are Fluterschen in the south and Schöneberg in the southwest.
A first communication about the parish and village of Almersbach can be found in one of Pope Innocent III. approved tax list of the Bonn Cassius monastery from the year 1199. After that, Almersbach is missing in the tax lists of the Archbishopric of Cologne and Trier until around 1330 . Only around the year 1330 does the place and parish appear as belonging to the Deanery Engers in the Taxa generalis subsidiorum cleri Trevirensis . The Almersbach church must have been administered "independently" after the year 1200 up to the time before the year 1330. In January 1261 we meet the first named clergyman in Almersbach: A Walter, priest ( sacerdos ) in Almersbach appears in the Marienstatt Abbey as a witness to a deed. The succession of witnesses allows the conclusion that the Sacerdos Walter was seconded from the Marienstatt Abbey to Almersbach. In the years 1534 and 1553 (after more than 300 years of interruption) the Bonn Cassius-Stift again made claims to the patronage and collation rights for Almersbach on behalf of the Siegburg deanery . - In the foundation walls of the monastery , which according to the thesis of a local historian and the vernacular should have stood in Almersbach, the foundations of an old and spacious parsonage can be assumed. A hospice for merchants and pilgrims is likely to have stood within the walled rectory , because in the Middle Ages Almersbach was located on the important Cologne-Frankfurter-Strasse, which crossed the Wied below the church .
From 1343 the village was the seat of an arbitration tribunal. Count Wilhelm von Wied received city rights for Almersbach on February 7, 1357 through Emperor Karl IV . The Counts of Wied pledged the parish and village of Almersbach to Sayn in 1459 , but redeemed it again in 1483. The parish finally came to Sayn in 1489 as a dowry from Johannetta, the Count's daughter from Wiedi.
In 1561 the Wittenberg Reformation was introduced by the Counts of Sayn. These died out in the male line in 1606. When Count Wilhelm von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn took over the government of the county on September 12, 1605 , he ordered the transition to the Reformed Confession. In 1623 his son Count Ernst left the parish of Almersbach as Wittum to the stepmother Anna Ottilie von Nassau-Saarbrücken , in 1629 Almersbach became the widow's property of Countess Louise Juliane. After her death in September 1670 Almersbach fell to the Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach via Sayn-Altenkirchen . At the turn of the year 1688 the village was plundered and cremated by French troops passing through. In 1747 the residents of the Almersbach parish received the sovereign permission to build a flour mill. The Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach had inherited the County of Sayn-Altenkirchen as early as 1741, in 1791 this ceded the county to Prussia , which Sayn-Altenkirchen had to hand over to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen (from 1806 to the Duchy of Nassau ) as a result of the Imperial Deputation Decision in February 1803 . With the Congress of Vienna in 1815 Sayn-Altenkirchen fell back to Prussia and became the district of Altenkirchen in the Prussian administrative district of Koblenz . The parish and village of Almersbach were assigned to the mayor's office in Altenkirchen . With the district of Altenkirchen Almersbach came to Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946 .
The hammer mill , which had been in operation on the Wied since 1784 and expanded into a paper factory, was acquired by Ferdinand Jagenberg, a manufacturer from Solingen , in 1838 . In 1893/94 a new school building was built on Koblenz-Olper Provinzialstraße , which was used until the school closed in 1966. In 1922 the village was electrified and the Almersbach / Fluterschen game and sports club was founded. The National Socialists initially planned to merge the villages of Almersbach and Fluterschen , then to incorporate the Almersbach community into Altenkirchen, but the start of the war thwarted these plans. In the course of the Rhineland-Palatinate administrative reform of 1969, the state government again came up with the idea of incorporating the communities of Almersbach, Helmenzen , Mammelzen and Michelbach into Altenkirchen. But the then Altenkirchen mayor Dr. Emil Haas spoke out against it.
|1576||5 smokes, 19 communicants|
|1745||6 fire places|
The development of the population of Almersbach since 1815, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Analogous to other place names in the area that also start from -bach , such as Michel bach or Ingel bach ( Ingel is short for Engelhard ), the place name could also refer to a person who had fish and water rights here. Almer is a short form of the Germanic personal name Adelmar . As genetivus possessivus Almer- s -bach, for example, it describes the ownership of the rights to the water.
In the direct election on May 26, 2019, Klaus Quast was confirmed in his office for another five years with a share of the vote of 80.41%.
coat of arms
Blazon : "Below the head of a golden tin shield divided from red over gold by a silver-blue wavy bar, above a blue armored and tongued golden leopard lion, below a day-lit red church tower, accompanied in front by a red hammer, behind by a red mill wheel."
The municipality's coat of arms was designed by graphic designer Elke Nechen with the help of historian Kirsten Seelbach. The certificate of approval was issued on March 25, 2004. The coat of arms was introduced on May 27, 2004 as part of a residents' meeting.
|Justification of the coat of arms: When designing the coat of arms, both the town charter should be symbolized, as well as the river Wied and the Almersbach, which gives the village its name and on whose banks the municipality lies. The late Romanesque church and the old hammer mill in the Wied valley were also taken into account.|
Culture and sights
- Johann Peter Reusch (1691–1758), philosopher and Lutheran theologian
- Margot Bitterauf-Remy: The art monuments of the Altenkirchen district. Düsseldorf 1935.
- Matthias Dahlhoff: History of the County of Sayn. Dillenburg 1874.
- Bruno Dierdorf (et al.): Almersbach in the Westerwald. Articles, reports and pictures on history, culture and economy. Almersbach 1999.
- Martin Göbler: The bells of the Protestant parish church in Almersbach. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen. 1989, p. 81 ff.
- Jakob Rausch (ed.): History of the Altenkirchen district. Altenkirchen 1921.
- Daniel Schneider: The milling industry in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen. 2016, pp. 219-237.
- Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen. 2015, pp. 74–80.
- Anka Seelbach: The renovation of the Almersbach church in the war winter of 1915/16. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen. 2003, pp. 129-134.
- Kirsten Seelbach: The introduction of the reformed creed in the county of Sayn. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen. 2011, pp. 166-170.
- Martin Sinemus: The history of the Protestant parishes of the parish of Altenkirchen (Westerwald). Saarbrücken 1933.
- Literature about Almersbach in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- Local community Almersbach on the website of the Association of Altenkirchen
- Brief portrait of Almersbach near Hierzuland , SWR television
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- On denominational development cf. Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan, pp. 74-80.
- See Daniel Schneider: The mill trade in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen, p. 229.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer for Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld, Verbandsgemeinde, second line of results. Retrieved December 20, 2019 .