|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
|Association municipality :||Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld|
|Height :||198 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.64 km 2|
|Residents:||860 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||152 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57638|
|Area code :||02681|
|License plate :||AK|
|Community key :||07 1 32 074|
|LOCODE :||DE NTN|
|Community structure:||5 districts|
|Association administration address:||Rathausstrasse 13
57610 Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
|Local Mayor :||Horst Klein|
|Location of the local community Neitersen in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
Neitersen is about five kilometers southwest of Altenkirchen and is traversed by the Wied . The community is divided into the districts of Neiterschen, Niederölfen, Kahlhardt, Fladersbach and Neitersen. It is between 200 and .
Neighboring communities are Hemmelzen and Helmenzen in the north, Altenkirchen and Schöneberg in the east, Stürzelbach , Niederwambach and Berzhausen in the south and Obernau and Walterschen in the west.
Fladersbach, east of the main town, has now grown together with Neitersen. One kilometer away Niederölfen is not in the valley, but on the ridge above Neitersen in the direction of Oberölfen . Neiterschen and Kahlhardt are on the south side of the Wied.
On March 1, 1262, Countess Mechthild , widow of Count Heinrich III. von Sayn , signed a treaty with the Archbishop of Cologne, Konrad von Hochstaden . This document also lists some servants by name who the Countess reserved for her own life for her own service. This included three people from Neitersen, namely Henriche, Gobelin and Gylise from “ Nithirshusen ”. The original is in the Koblenz State Main Archive .
During this time up to the Reformation , today's place Neitersen was due to the Wied a border place that belonged to two different districts. The parish of Schöneberg with its villages, including Neiterschen and Kahlhardt, was part of the Engersgau , which was administered from Engers near Koblenz . The parish of Birnbach , to which Neitersen, Fladersbach and Niederölfen belonged, was in the Auelgau , which was administered from Siegburg .
In Auelgau and thus also on the parish Birnbach (Neitersen right of Wied) were Counts of Sayn the rulers become. It was not until July 5, 1489 that the parish of Schöneberg (Neitersen left der Wied) finally came to the Sayn family. From then on, all of the villages belonging to today's municipality of Neitersen were under one rule.
In 1815, as a result of the resolutions at the Congress of Vienna, the area of Neitersen came to the Kingdom of Prussia and thus an administrative change occurred. The 1,000-year-old parish administration was abolished and mayorships were established. Neiterschen and Kahlhardt came with the parish Schöneberg to the mayor's office Flammersfeld , Neitersen, Niederölfen and Fladersbach came with the parish Birnbach to the mayor's office Weyerbusch .
In 1848, at the request of the Mayor of Weyerbusch, Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen , a schoolhouse was completed in Fladersbach , which meant that schooling for the villages of Neitersen, Niederölfen and Fladersbach no longer took place in Birnbach. In 1873 Neiterschen also got better school conditions, it formed a school community with Schöneberg and school lessons were relocated from the sexton building to the new schoolhouse in Schöneberg.
In 1882 the construction of the Siershahn – Altenkirchen railway began. It was opened on May 30, 1884 and Neitersen was given a train station and at the same time a post office with telephone service.
In 1893 the villages of Neitersen, Niederölfen and Fladersbach were repared from the Birnbach church to the Schöneberg parish, and all of today's districts belonged to the same parish for the first time.
Until 1908, iron ore was mined in the Emma mine. In that year the mine railway to Neitersen station was also discontinued.
In 1911 the Neiterschen community joined the Neitersen-Ölfen school association.
In 1918 the power supply began in Neitersen in the mill in Neiterschen with the help of a generator that was driven by a belt. The entire district of Neiterschen and a few houses along the street on the right-hand side of the Wied were supplied via a two-phase line. Billing with the mill was based on the number and wattage of light bulbs per house. The performance was insufficient for the surrounding areas. From 1920 onwards, the town was supplied with electricity using overhead lines and the mill supplied electricity to the public grid.
The neurologist, painter and writer Wladimir Lindenberg lived in Niederölfen from 1933 until his arrest in 1937 in a half-timbered house at a quarry, which he painted with murals. He set a literary monument to the “divine peace” of the region and its inhabitants, who “welcomed it openly and warmly” in his memory book “Heaven in Hell”.
The village school in Neitersen had consisted of two classrooms since the 1930s and was originally operated as a primary school up to grade 8, but in its final years as a primary school only up to grade 4. It was closed in 1973 and the school was relocated to Altenkirchen .
On January 1, 1969, the previously independent municipality of Niederölfen was incorporated into Neitersen. Today's community was created on June 7, 1969 through a new formation from the communities Neitersen (662 inhabitants) and Neiterschen (151). In 1984, after exactly one hundred years, passenger traffic on the railway line was stopped.
The municipality of Neitersen and the neighboring municipality of Obernau will merge into the new municipality of Neitersen on January 1, 2021.
- Population development
The development of the number of inhabitants in Neitersen in relation to today's municipality area; the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Horst Klein became mayor of Neitersen in 1999. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office for another five years with 81.38% of the votes.
Economy, culture and infrastructure
The federal highway 256 and a railway line of the Deutsche Bahn , on which the Westerwaldbahn carries out goods traffic, run through Neitersen. There are three large industrial companies and a multi-award-winning arthouse cinema , the Wied-Scala, in the community .
The community has maintained a multi-purpose hall next to the sports area since 1994 . It offers up to 300 seats and is very often used on festive occasions.
- The Wiedbachtaler Sportfreunde Neitersen are the largest club in the community. The first soccer team will play in the Rhineland League from the 2007/2008 season .
- The Neitersen volunteer fire brigade has been in existence since 1938 and is part of the Altenkirchen community fire brigade .
- The Wiedbachtaler male choir was founded on November 24th, 1912 in Neitersen.
- The model flight group Neitersen e. V. was founded on March 25, 1977 in Neitersen.
- Emil Haas (1903–1977), politician
- Local community Neitersen on the website of the Association of Altenkirchen
- Report on the origin of the place name Neitersen by Wilhelm Hundhausen ( memento from February 19, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) in genealogy.net
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 189 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved July 6, 2020 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal Council Election 2019 Neitersen. Retrieved December 27, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. Accessed on December 27, 2019 (see Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld, Verbandsgemeinde, 39th result line).
- Local community Neitersen: Mayor of Neitersen. Retrieved December 27, 2019 .