from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Niederfischbach
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Niederfischbach highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 51 '  N , 7 ° 53'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
Association municipality : Churches (victory)
Height : 282 m above sea level NHN
Area : 14.48 km 2
Residents: 4117 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 284 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 57572
Area code : 02734
License plate : AK
Community key : 07 1 32 076
Community structure: 7 districts
Association administration address: Lindenstrasse 1
57548 Kirchen (Sieg)
Website :
Local Mayor : Dominik Schuh ( CDU )
Location of the local community Niederfischbach in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
Friesenhagen Harbach (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Niederfischbach Mudersbach Brachbach Kirchen (Sieg) Herdorf Daaden Emmerzhausen Mauden Derschen Nisterberg Friedewald (Westerwald) Weitefeld Niederdreisbach Schutzbach Grünebach Alsdorf (Westerwald) Betzdorf Scheuerfeld Wallmenroth Willroth Krunkel Horhausen (Westerwald) Pleckhausen Güllesheim Obersteinebach Niedersteinebach Bürdenbach Eulenberg (Westerwald) Peterslahr Rott (Westerwald) Burglahr Oberlahr Eichen (Westerwald) Seifen (Westerwald) Seelbach (Westerwald) Flammersfeld Kescheid Reiferscheid Berzhausen Obernau (Westerwald) Walterschen Schürdt Orfgen Ziegenhain (Westerwald) Giershausen Katzwinkel (Sieg) Birken-Honigsessen Wissen (Stadt) Hövels Mittelhof Nauroth Elkenroth Rosenheim (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Kausen Dickendorf Malberg (Westerwald) Steinebach/Sieg Fensdorf Gebhardshain Elben (Westerwald) Steineroth Molzhain Selbach (Sieg) Forst (bei Wissen, Sieg) Bitzen Etzbach Roth (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Bruchertseifen Fürthen Hamm (Sieg) Seelbach bei Hamm (Sieg) Breitscheidt Pracht Birkenbeul Niederirsen Kircheib Hirz-Maulsbach Fiersbach Mehren (Westerwald) Rettersen Ersfeld Hasselbach (Westerwald) Forstmehren Kraam Werkhausen Oberirsen Weyerbusch Hemmelzen Neitersen Birnbach Ölsen Schöneberg (Westerwald) Stürzelbach Fluterschen Oberwambach Berod bei Hachenburg Gieleroth Almersbach Altenkirchen (Westerwald) Michelbach (Westerwald) Ingelbach Sörth Mammelzen Eichelhardt Idelberg Isert Helmeroth Racksen Volkerzen Hilgenroth Obererbach (Westerwald) Bachenberg Busenhausen Heupelzen Wölmersen Kettenhausen Helmenzen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Neuwied Westerwaldkreis Landkreis Neuwiedmap
About this picture

Niederfischbach is a municipality in the Altenkirchen (Westerwald) district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Kirchen (Sieg) . Niederfischbach is designated as a basic center according to state planning .


Niederfischbach is located in the west of the gable forest , in the valley of the middle Asdorfer Bach between the towns of Freudenberg and Betzdorf ; Neighboring communities and neighboring villages are Harbach in the west, Niederndorf in the east and Wehbach in the south.

The districts of Altenthal, Eicherhof, Fischbacherhütte, Hahnhof, Hüttseifen , Langenbach and Oberasdorf belong to Niederfischbach .


The original Niederfischbach was first mentioned in 1377, but there the place still appears under the name “Vispe”. Over the centuries, the spelling has developed from, for example, "Niedernfischpe" to Niederfischbach.

Today's municipality was formed on June 7, 1969 from the previously independent municipalities Niederfischbach (2,856 inhabitants) and Hüttseifen (1,494 inhabitants) as well as an area of ​​the municipality of Harbach with 124 inhabitants.

Population development

The development of the population of Niederfischbach in relation to today's municipal area; the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 874
1835 1,031
1871 1,507
1905 2,344
1939 3,006
1950 3,349
1961 4,051
year Residents
1970 4,623
1987 4,452
1997 4,851
2005 4,892
2011 4,425
2017 4.178
Population development of Niederfischbach from 1815 to 2017 according to the adjacent table


Municipal council

The municipal council in Niederfischbach consists of 20 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the municipal council:

choice SPD CDU FWG total
2019 8th 12 - 20 seats
2014 9 11 - 20 seats
2009 7th 13 - 20 seats
2004 7th 12 1 20 seats


The local mayor of Niederfischbach is Dominik Schuh (CDU). In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was elected with 61.80% of the vote, making him the successor to Matthias Otterbach (CDU), who had not run again after 20 years in office.

coat of arms

The coat of arms is divided obliquely to the left by silver and blue. In the upper area there is a red four-leaf clover, at the bottom there is a silver cornucopia.

The shamrock or Mauritius cross indicates the patronage of St. Mauritius and thus the historical importance of the place in the Middle Ages. The Mauritius cross has been in use as a symbol in the representation of Mauritius, on coats of arms and places associated with it since the Middle Ages. The old church of St. Mauritius, the tower of which has been preserved at today's Protestant church, was probably a branch church of Haiger in the 11th century, later a parish church. It is the oldest building in Niederfischbach.

The colors silver and red correspond to the coat of arms of the Elector of Trier , the former sovereign: a continuous red cross in silver.

The upright silver horn of plenty is taken from the Fischbacher Erstlingstaler from 1750. It relates to the silver finds and the historical importance of mining in the community.

The blue color of the coat of arms indicates the origin of the name Niederfischbach “Vispe”, in which the word “ apa ” for water, small stream, is contained in the suffix “-pe”. This name is evidence of the old age of the place, as it must come from a time when the word "apa" and not "Bach" was in use.

(According to W. Arnold and J. Heinzeling, the "apa" locations in our homeland were founded before 500 AD, according to L. Bald even before our era. B. Solbach)

Parish partnership

St. Mauritius Catholic Church and Companions
Protestant church

Culture and sights


The Catholic parish church of St. Mauritius and Companions is the only four-tower church in the Altenkirchen district. The neo-Romanesque basilica was built from 1896 to 1898 according to the plans of the architect Hermann Ritzfeld and renovated for the first time from 1956 to 1958. 1986 to 1990 another extensive interior renovation took place. The floor mosaic The Root Jesse in the central aisle of the nave is particularly worth seeing . It is popularly called "Siegerland Cathedral".



  • Niederfischbach animal park
  • Asdorftal public park

Regular events

  • Fun fair - 3rd weekend of August
  • Carnival Parade - Carnival Tuesday
  • Fountain Festival - every 1st Sunday in May
  • Children's festival in the Niederfischbach zoo
  • March to the Bürgerpark (Musikverein)

Cultural and natural monuments

Economy and Infrastructure

Transport links

Railway Museum

Local public transport now only takes place with buses of the Verkehrsgemeinschaft Westfalen-Süd.

Until 1983 there was also passenger traffic in Niederfischbach. By train, you could take the Asdorftalbahn from Betzdorf via Freudenberg and Olpe along Lake Bigge to Finnentrop . Freight traffic was stopped in 1994 and the tracks were finally dismantled in 2000. The station churches is km accessible via the L280 in just the eighth Now the Asdorftal cycle path runs along the route. A railway association has received a remnant piece of track in Niederfischbach station and has set up a few vehicles there.

The road provides a connection to the A 45 as well as to Siegen and the Westerwald.


  • WE Ketteler primary school in Niederfischbach


Born in Niederfischbach

  • Josef Brenner (1899–1967), politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag
  • Rudolf Müller (1924–1987), politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag

Connected with Niederfischbach

  • Franz Schwarz (1940–2017), politician (SPD), MdL (Rhineland-Palatinate), municipal councilor and alderman of Niederfischbach
  • Georg Bätzing (* 1961), Roman Catholic theologian, Bishop of Limburg, Chairman of the German Bishops' Conference, grew up in Niederfischbach

Web links

Commons : Niederfischbach  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  3. The name Niederfischbach
  4. Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 190 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.  
  5. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: City Council Election 2019 Niederfischbach. Retrieved November 9, 2019 .
  6. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
  7. The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see churches (Sieg), Verbandsgemeinde, last line of results. Retrieved November 9, 2019 .
  8. In the footsteps of the Asdorftalbahn with photo comparison of the train station (1975) and the cycle path (2005)