Friedewald (Westerwald)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Friedewald
Friedewald (Westerwald)
Map of Germany, position of the community Friedewald highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 43 '  N , 7 ° 58'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
Association municipality : Daaden-Herdorf
Height : 440 m above sea level NHN
Area : 7.1 km 2
Residents: 1099 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 155 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 57520
Area code : 02743
License plate : AK
Community key : 07 1 32 036
Association administration address: Bahnhofstrasse 4
57567 Daaden
Website :
Local Mayor : Karl-Heinz Buhl
Location of the local community Friedewald in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)
Friesenhagen Harbach (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Niederfischbach Mudersbach Brachbach Kirchen (Sieg) Herdorf Daaden Emmerzhausen Mauden Derschen Nisterberg Friedewald (Westerwald) Weitefeld Niederdreisbach Schutzbach Grünebach Alsdorf (Westerwald) Betzdorf Scheuerfeld Wallmenroth Willroth Krunkel Horhausen (Westerwald) Pleckhausen Güllesheim Obersteinebach Niedersteinebach Bürdenbach Eulenberg (Westerwald) Peterslahr Rott (Westerwald) Burglahr Oberlahr Eichen (Westerwald) Seifen (Westerwald) Seelbach (Westerwald) Flammersfeld Kescheid Reiferscheid Berzhausen Obernau (Westerwald) Walterschen Schürdt Orfgen Ziegenhain (Westerwald) Giershausen Katzwinkel (Sieg) Birken-Honigsessen Wissen (Stadt) Hövels Mittelhof Nauroth Elkenroth Rosenheim (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Kausen Dickendorf Malberg (Westerwald) Steinebach/Sieg Fensdorf Gebhardshain Elben (Westerwald) Steineroth Molzhain Selbach (Sieg) Forst (bei Wissen, Sieg) Bitzen Etzbach Roth (Landkreis Altenkirchen) Bruchertseifen Fürthen Hamm (Sieg) Seelbach bei Hamm (Sieg) Breitscheidt Pracht Birkenbeul Niederirsen Kircheib Hirz-Maulsbach Fiersbach Mehren (Westerwald) Rettersen Ersfeld Hasselbach (Westerwald) Forstmehren Kraam Werkhausen Oberirsen Weyerbusch Hemmelzen Neitersen Birnbach Ölsen Schöneberg (Westerwald) Stürzelbach Fluterschen Oberwambach Berod bei Hachenburg Gieleroth Almersbach Altenkirchen (Westerwald) Michelbach (Westerwald) Ingelbach Sörth Mammelzen Eichelhardt Idelberg Isert Helmeroth Racksen Volkerzen Hilgenroth Obererbach (Westerwald) Bachenberg Busenhausen Heupelzen Wölmersen Kettenhausen Helmenzen Nordrhein-Westfalen Landkreis Neuwied Westerwaldkreis Landkreis Neuwiedmap
About this picture

Friedewald is a former town and now a municipality in the Altenkirchen district (Westerwald) in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the community of Daaden-Herdorf .


Friedewald is located in northern Rhineland-Palatinate in the Hohen Westerwald on the edge of the Neunkhausen-Weitefeld plateau . The Friedewalder Bach rises in the south of the village and flows into the Daade in Daaden . North of Friedewald is the Galgenkopf, northeast of the Schimmerich and south of the Arndtskopf right next to the Friedewalder Höhe.

Neighboring communities of Friedewald are Daaden (with Biersdorf ) in the north, Derschen in the east, Nisterberg and Lautzenbrücken in the south, Langenbach near Kirburg in the south-west and Weitefeld in the north-west.


Friedewald was first mentioned in 1324 under the name "Flecken Friedewald", when Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian gave Count Gottfried von Sayn permission to fortify the place.

Friedewald has been part of the Daaden parish in the county of Sayn since the Middle Ages . After the introduction of the Reformation , the inhabitants of Sayn County were first Lutheran and later Reformed. For a long time the place was the administrative seat of the Office Friedewald in the county of Sayn and after the division of the country in the 17th century in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen . In the early modern period there was a stately mill in Friedewald.

The county of Sayn-Altenkirchen came to Prussia in 1791 by inheritance . In 1803 Friedewald came to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen , in 1806 to the Duchy of Nassau and in 1815 again to the Kingdom of Prussia. Under the Prussian administration, Friedewald was assigned to the Daaden mayor's office in the Altenkirchen district and the Koblenz administrative district in 1806 .


A basalt quarry , which has since been closed , has filled with water and developed into a protected biotope with amphibians.

Population development

The development of the population of Friedewald, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 308
1835 341
1871 385
1905 519
1939 647
1950 768
year Residents
1961 861
1970 1.004
1987 1,072
1997 1,227
2005 1,211
2019 1,099


Municipal council

The municipal council in Friedewald consists of 16 council members, who were elected by a majority vote in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.


The local mayor of Friedewald is Karl-Heinz Buhl. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was elected with 92.03% of the vote. Prior to that, Buhl was first deputy head of official affairs for a year after the death of the previous mayor Dieter Seiler.

Culture and sights

Friedewald Castle

Friedewald Castle

The center of the community is a castle with a Renaissance facade. Friedewald received the same city rights as Frankfurt am Main from Ludwig the Bavarian , but it has remained a lot smaller.

The Counts of Sayn were only able to secure their sovereignty in the High Westerwald and in the Daadetal in the 14th century. The castle, which is medieval in its origins, bears witness to this endeavor. The place enjoyed city rights from 1324, which Count Gottfried von Sayn obtained for him. The castle played an important role as the county’s last refuge during the Thirty Years War . In 1671 Friedewald came to the Imperial County of Sayn-Altenkirchen , which had its headquarters here until 1791. Count Heinrich von Sayn built a renaissance castle on the site of the medieval castle around 1580. Its ruins were bought by Count Alexander von Hachenburg (from the aristocratic family Sayn-Wittgenstein ) for five Prussian thalers from the Treasury in 1885 , rebuilt them historically, moved them ten years later and expanded them in the following years. According to Dehio , the castle is considered "a particularly striking example of German princely palaces of mannerism ". In 1912 he sold the castle to Prince Otto von Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg for 450,000 marks ; the crypt he built ( Count's crypt ) above the village remained empty.

The castle has been used by the Evangelical Social Academy Friedewald since 1949 and by the Social Protestantism Foundation since 2004. From around mid-2000 to 2015, the castle was used as a hotel, and weddings were also held in the chapel.


Economy and Infrastructure


The Friedewald station was on the Scheuerfeld – Emmerzhausen railway line . Friedewald is located on the state roads 285 and 286. The bus routes 259 and 455 connect Friedewald with the Daaden station on the Daadetalbahn , they are tariff assigned to both the Rhein-Mosel transport association and the Rhein-Sieg transport association.

People who worked in Friedewald


  • Daniel Schneider: The mill trade in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 59 (2016), pp. 219–237.
  • Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in plan , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 58 (2015), pp. 74-80.
  • Daniel Schneider: The urban policy of the Counts of Sayn in the late Middle Ages , in: Yearbook for West German State History 41 (2015), pp. 33–49.

Web links

Commons : Friedewald (Westerwald)  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. a b State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. Friedewald local community on
  3. Cf. Daniel Schneider: The urban policy of the Counts of Sayn in the late Middle Ages, pp. 33–49.
  4. See Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in the plan, pp. 74-80.
  5. See Daniel Schneider: The mill trade in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen, pp. 222–233.
  6. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  7. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: City Council Election 2019 Friedewald. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
  8. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Daaden-Herdorf, Verbandsgemeinde, fourth line of results. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
  9. ^ Johannes Mario Löhr: Council Friedewald is constituted. Rhein-Zeitung, 23 August 2019, accessed on 12 November 2019 .
  10. Cf. Daniel Schneider: The urban policy of the Counts of Sayn in the late Middle Ages, pp. 33–49.
  11. ^ Hermann Josef Roth: The Westerwald. DuMont, Cologne 1981, ISBN 3-7701-1198-2 .
  12. ^ Horst G. Koch: Bergland to Sieg, Heller and Wied - Altenkirchen district. Self-published, Siegen 1977.