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|County :||Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
|Association municipality :||Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld|
|Height :||270 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.11 km 2|
|Residents:||626 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||201 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57612|
|Area code :||02681|
|License plate :||AK|
|Community key :||07 1 32 009|
|Association administration address:||Rathausstrasse 13
|Local Mayor :||Mario Muller|
|Location of the local community Birnbach in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
The village is widely located along the local road; The numerous green areas, streams and the old trees in the local area are characteristic . The very old town center is grouped around the Evangelical Church .
Federal road 8 runs directly north of Birnbach .
The first documentary mention of the place took place in a papal decree of March 31, 1131. This date was also taken as the occasion for the Birnbacher 850th anniversary celebration held in 1981. For the place, however, a much earlier settlement is considered likely. The Birnbach High Court is mentioned as early as 1260 and was the only one in the south-eastern part of the Auelgau . Shortly before 1464 it was requested to Altenkirchen.
Second World War
Three of the four officers who were held responsible for the loss of the Ludendorff Bridge (March 7, 1945), were innocently sentenced to death on March 13 and 14, 1945, and executed are buried in the local war cemetery . They are the majors Johann Scheller and August Krafft as well as Lieutenant Karl-Heinz Peters. The fourth, Major Herbert Strobel, was originally buried here, and his bones were brought back home at the instigation of his son. The officers in Rimbach and Oberirsen were sentenced to death by shooting by a " flying stand trial" personally installed by Hitler and executed immediately after the verdict was pronounced. Field Marshal Model had set up the headquarters of his Army Group B in the Rimbach inn "Katzmann". The court martial and management of General Rudolf Huebner was housed in the Oberirsen restaurant "Pick". The fifth officer, Captain Willi Oskar Bratge, was captured by the Americans when the Ludendorff Bridge was conquered and thus escaped death.
Around 1990 Birnbach made a name for itself because of a conflict with a group of Bruderhöfer who had settled in Birnbach and had built up a larger community. A local citizens' initiative worked against the community until the Bruderhöfer finally left the village in 1995. The real estate of the Bruderhöfer was taken over by the New Religious Movement Lectorium Rosicrucianum , which opened an administration and conference center in Birnbach in 2000 .
The development of the population of the municipality of Birnbach. The values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
Mario Müller became the local mayor of Birnbach in the summer of 2019. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was elected for five years with 79.88% of the vote. Müller is the successor to Wolfgang Lanvermann.
- The Evangelical Parish Church in Birnbach dates from the 13th century. Restoration of the church and the tower 1893–1900 by the architect Ludwig Hofmann with funding from the patron Emil Weyerbusch .
- In the center of the village is one of the oldest half-timbered houses in the Altenkirchen district: a former post office from the 16th century.
People who worked on site
- Emil Weyerbusch (* 1846 in Elberfeld , † 1909 in Gardone Riviera ), industrialist and patron; had a villa and the Protestant parish house built and the Romanesque basilica rebuilt.
- Wilhelm Boden (* 1890 in Grumbach ; † 1961 in Birnbach), from 1946 to 1947 first Prime Minister of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate; spent his old age here.
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Hermann Josef Roth: The Westerwald. DuMont, Cologne 1981, p. 51.
- Forum Historicum Ebernhahn
- Lothar Brüne and Jakob Weiler: Remagen in March 1945 - A documentation on the final phase of the Second World War. Peace Museum “Bridge of Remagen e. V. “(Ed.), Remagen 1993, ISBN 3-9803385-9-2 , p. 182 ff.
- God's reliable children . In: ZEITmagazin . No. June 25 , 1991 (cover story).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal Council Election 2019 Birnbach. Retrieved December 21, 2019 .
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Altenkirchen-Flammersfeld, Verbandsgemeinde, fifth row of results. Retrieved December 21, 2019 .