|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
|Association municipality :||Daaden-Herdorf|
|Height :||480 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||7.07 km 2|
|Residents:||656 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||93 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||57520|
|Area code :||02743|
|License plate :||AK|
|Community key :||07 1 32 026|
|LOCODE :||DE EM5|
|Association administration address:||Bahnhofstrasse 4
|Local Mayor :||Heinz Dücker|
|Location of the local community Emmerzhausen in the district of Altenkirchen (Westerwald)|
Emmerzhausen is located about four kilometers southeast of Daaden on state road 280 and five kilometers southwest of Burbach in North Rhine-Westphalia ( Siegen-Wittgenstein district ). The national border is about a kilometer away. Emmerzhausen lies at , about two kilometers north of the Stegskopfs ( ), the second highest elevation in the Westerwald .
The first documentary mention of Emmerzhausen took place in 1344 under the name "Engilbrachtshusen" in the "Mannbuch" of the Knights of Bicken . In 1561 the existence of an existing chapel was recorded. In 1610 the Steinches Mill was mentioned, which is now in the Daaden district and at that time was a ban mill for the surrounding villages. In 1741 26 smokes (houses) were counted in Emmertzhaussen , the inhabitants of the community were mostly Reformed denominations . In 1776 there were 153 inhabitants, in 1788 168 inhabitants. In 1809 35 children attended the Dingschule in Emmerzhausen.
The place belonged to the county Sayn-Altenkirchen and the parish of Daaden until 1806 . The county of Sayn-Altenkirchen came to Prussia by inheritance in 1791 and was awarded to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen in 1803 in the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss . In 1806 the two Nassau princes joined the Napoleonic Rhine Confederation and from 1806 the region was part of the Duchy of Nassau . A participant in the Congress of Vienna made (1815) agreements, the territory of the former saynischen counties was to the Kingdom of Prussia ceded .
In 1890, a wooden observation tower was built on the head of the bridge, which served as a land survey point and to transmit light signals from the imperial artillery . In 1894 a cat tax was introduced. The first cat was free, the second was taxed one mark and the third cat three marks. In 1905 the place was connected to the telephone network, in 1923 to the electricity network. In 1930 the town received a rail connection from Scheuerfeld via Friedewald in order to better reach the pits and transport goods. The track was extended to Lippe airfield during World War II. In 1943 the Hitler Youth bought the facilities at the Stegskopf and set up the "Reichsausbildungslager Prinz Eugen". The Daaden military training area of the Bundeswehr is located there today . At the end of March 1945, US troops took the place.
Because the winter sports facilities on the Stegskopf could no longer be used after the Second World War, the Emmerzhausen ski club built a new ski jump from 1956 , which was inaugurated in January 1958. When it opened, it was the largest ski jump in Rhineland-Palatinate. With the expansion of the B 54, however, the road endangered jumping operations and had to be closed for competitions. For this reason the ski jump was closed at the end of the 1960s. Attempts to build a new building in the mid-1970s failed.
In 1970 the railway line in the direction of Friedewald was also shut down, the passenger traffic had not brought the necessary success and had been replaced by buses.
Between 1847 and 1948 the Adolfsburg mine on the slope of the Stegskopf was in operation. Lignite was mined in it. The second largest mine was Neue Landeskrone , in operation between 1850 and 1894. In the mine, copper, lead and nickel ores were mined through a machine shaft. Another pit was Green Forest , which was first suspected on May 2, 1870.
The development of the population of Emmerzhausen, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Shield divided by a silver oblique left-hand wave list, in front in red a blue armored and tongued golden lion looking to the left, behind in black three silver basalt columns arranged together."|
Culture and sights
- At the fork in the road Emmerzhausen / Derschen is the "Steinches Mühle" (first documented mention in 1610). This is a water mill that is privately owned today.
- In the neighboring village of Friedewald there is a renaissance castle of the Counts of Sayn (1580/1582), which has been the seat of the Evangelical Social Academy since 1954.
- The junk stones (613 m above sea level; located on a mountain ridge northeast of Emmerzhausen) are pillars and a block field made of fissure basalt, which broke through the basement here in the Tertiary . As a geotope, the "junk stones" are part of the National Geopark Westerwald-Lahn-Taunus .
- Village community center
- Municipal kindergarten "Rainbow"
- Evangelical chapel
- Parish hall (free church)
- Ski hut "On the forehead"
- Refuge at the "junk stones"
- Refuge on the former site of the "Neue Landeskrone" mine
Persons connected with Emmerzhausen
- Siegfried Koch (ski pioneer from Neuwied) built the "Siegfriedhütte" together with teacher Peter Hoffmann (Emmerzhausen) in 1913 on the bridge head. In 1932 the song Oh you beautiful Westerwald was composed there. Teacher Hoffmann later took over the post of hut warden at the Siegfriedhütte.
- Peter Hoffmann, born on July 9th, 1863 in the Palatinate, came to Emmerzhausen as a junior teacher in 1886 and married the daughter Pauline of the Hauberg supervisor and farmer Ferdinand Hummel. Here he worked as a schoolmaster until 1926. He introduced many types of fruit in the Westerwald and taught in the grafting and cutting of fruit and berry trees. In addition to his agriculture, he ran beekeeping. His friend Alexander Graf von Hachenburg (then resident in Friedewald Castle (Westerwald) ) sent him in the winter of 1909/1910 to a “snowshoeing course” in “Wittgenstein Castle”. Peter Hoffmann became the first ski instructor and trainer in the Westerwald. In 1910 he co-founded the Daaden winter sports club and was its chairman for many years. 1913 Co-builder of the Siegfriedhütte on the Stegskopf and Hüttenwart until his death in 1935.
- Karl Dücker was a miner, quarry worker, council member and fire chief. He also wrote poems and made music. He died on August 3, 1979 in Emmerzhausen.
- In 1987, the four occupants were killed in the crash of a motorized airplane in Emmerzhausen. At the time of the accident there was thick fog over the place; the destination of the glider pilot was Siegerland Airport .
- At the graduation ceremony of the Daaden secondary school in 1988 at the Emmerzhausen ski hut, a 14-year-old student from Emmerzhausen was struck by lightning.
- In 2006 the local ski club Stegskopf Emmerzhausen e. V. organizes the West German Mountain Running Championships.
- Marc Rosenkranz: Emmerzhausen then and now. ... a village through the ages ... , Emmerzhausen 2006.
- Marc Rosenkranz: The village school in Emmerzhausen was inaugurated 95 years ago , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 48 (2005), p. 158 ff.
- Marc Rosenkranz: The train once went to Emmerzhausen , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 52 (2009), p. 210 ff.
- Marc Rosenkranz: How Emmerzhausen experienced the Second World War , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 59 (2016), pp. 157–160.
- Local community Emmerzhausen on the website of the Daaden-Herdorf community community
- TrÜbPl Daaden with armed forces base
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- Cf. Marc Rosenkranz: Steinches Mühle was first mentioned in a document 400 years ago, in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 53 (2009), pp. 72–73.
- See Daniel Schneider: The mill trade in the county of Sayn-Altenkirchen, in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 59 (2016), pp. 219-233.
- On denominational development cf. Daniel Schneider: The development of denominations in the county of Sayn in plan, in: Heimat-Jahrbuch des Kreis Altenkirchen 58 (2015), pp. 74-80.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: City Council Election 2019 Emmerzhausen. Retrieved November 11, 2019 .