Beilstein (Greifenstein)

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Community Greifenstein
Coordinates: 50 ° 36 ′ 39 ″  N , 8 ° 14 ′ 39 ″  E
Height : 370 m above sea level NHN
Area : 10.24 km²
Residents : 1464  (December 31, 2017)
Population density : 143 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : January 1, 1977
Postal code : 35753
Area code : 02779

With a population of around 1500, Beilstein is the largest part of the municipality of Greifenstein in the Lahn-Dill district in Central Hesse .


The place is about ten kilometers southwest of Herborn , 17 kilometers northwest of the district town of Wetzlar and a good 80 kilometers north of Frankfurt am Main .

It is located in the Hessian part of the Westerwald , near the border to Rhineland-Palatinate . Beilstein is located at the northern end of the Ulmbach in a widening source area that is surrounded by wooded ridges. The place is at an altitude of about 370 meters above sea level.


Beilstein grew out of the three villages of Beilstein , Haiern and Wallendorf , of which the latter was first mentioned in a document in 774.

Beilstein belonged, together with Mengerskirchen and Nenderoth , to the Kalenberger Zent . Beilstein itself received city rights on February 18, 1321, but these were revoked again after the Thirty Years' War . The castle Beilstein is first mentioned in 1129 and was in 1320 by the Count of Nassau expanded. In 1321 they obtained city rights for the place. 1363–1561 there was a line Nassau-Beilstein of the count family, and 1607–1620 Beilstein was again the residence of a branch line of the house Nassau-Dillenburg under Georg von Nassau-Beilstein .

The village of Haiern has belonged to Beilstein only since 1941.

Wallendorf is the oldest district of Beilstein and was first documented in 774. The knight Gerlach von Walderdorff is mentioned here in 1211 , ancestor of the noble family of the same name, which still exists today.

Territorial reform

On 1 January 1977, the municipality of Beilstein in the wake of was municipal reform in Hesse with the hitherto also independent communities Arborn , Greifenstein, Nenderoth , Oderberg and Ulmtal the new greater community together . Before that, the municipality of Rodenroth was incorporated into Beilstein on December 31, 1971 and the municipality of Rodenberg on July 1, 1972 on a voluntary basis . For Beilstein, as for all formerly independent municipalities, a local district with a local advisory board and local council was formed. Beilstein remained the seat of the municipal administration.

Territorial history and administration

The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Beilstein was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:


Population development

Beilstein: Population from 1834 to 2017
year     Residents
Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968.
Other sources:

Religious affiliation

1885: 481 Protestant (= 99.18%), 4 Catholic (= 0.82%) residents
1961: 990 Protestant (= 85.05%), 168 (= 14.43%) Catholic residents

Local advisory board

For the district of Beilstein there is a five-person local advisory board with a local councilor. After the local elections in Hesse in 2016 , the mayor is Harald Heuser.


Probably the most important sight in Beilstein itself is the ruin of Beilstein Castle , which has only been partially rebuilt today , was first mentioned in 1129 and is only a few meters above the town. Today it is a dormitory for people with disabilities.

Greifenstein Castle with its bell museum can be visited further east .

Economy and Infrastructure

The mining of clay and basalt has been the town's most important economic factor since the beginning of the 20th century. The rather extensive agriculture did not play a significant role in the past either. Basalt columns from one of the Beilstein quarries stand in front of the Senckenberg Museum in Frankfurt.

Today there are some rather smaller processing companies in Beilstein. There are also some shops for daily needs.


Beilstein Castle during the expansion in 2002

There are several restaurants with guest rooms in the village. South of Beilstein is the location in the valley of Ulmbachs quite small and only about 1000 meters long Ulmbachtalsperre , a campsite is at the shore.


The federal motorway 45 runs east of the village with the closest exits Herborn Süd and Ehringshausen . In the south is the federal highway 49 , in the north the B 255 . Beilstein can be reached by several country roads, one of which leads around the town to the north as a bypass .

The place was the end point of the at the Lahn nearby town Leun to Beilstein-run north Ulmtalbahn which mainly for removing the clay and the 1925 basaltic rock was built and could have no significant passenger traffic in its short period of existence. A planned extension of the line to the Westerwaldquerbahn was no longer implemented due to the Second World War . Several decades ago, first passenger traffic (1976) and then freight traffic was discontinued at the end of the 1980s. During the 1990s, the rails were completely removed. Today a cycle path runs along large parts of the route .

The nearest regional train stations are in Weilburg , Leun, Wetzlar and Herborn .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c data and facts. In: website. Greifenstein community, archived from the original ; accessed in February 2019 .
  2. Beilstein district on the website of the municipality of Greifenstein
  3. ^ Oculus memorie of the Eberbach Abbey in the Rheingau
  4. Law on the restructuring of the Dill district, the districts of Gießen and Wetzlar and the city of Gießen (GVBl. II 330–28) of May 13, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 17 , p. 237 ff ., § 19 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).
  5. ^ Municipal reform in Hesse: mergers and integrations of municipalities from June 21, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 28 , p. 1197 , point 851 para. 9. ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 4.4 MB ]).
  6. Gerstenmeier, K.-H. (1977): Hessen. Municipalities and counties after the regional reform. A documentation. Melsungen. P. 293. DNB 770396321
  7. Main statute of the community of Greifenstein § 6. Accessed in February 2019.
  8. ^ Beilstein, Lahn-Dill district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of October 16, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  9. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  10. Local advisory boards of the community of Greifenstein , accessed in March 2017.