View to the Steinberg near Bertsdorf
|location||near Bertsdorf ; District of Görlitz , Free State of Saxony ( Germany )|
|Mountains||Großschönau basin and hill country|
The Steinberg , formerly called Katzenkopf , is eastern Upper Lusatia . The wooded phonolite dome is located in the Bertsdorf district in the Bertsdorf-Hörnitz municipality in the Görlitz district of Saxony .high mountain in the Großschönau basin and hill country in
The Steinberg is located west of the Bertsdorfer Oberdorf between the valleys of the Pochebach and the Bertsdorfer water (Bertse) . To the north is the Katzenhöhe plateau, over which the state road 138 leads from Bertsdorf to the east to Großschönau ; behind it rises the Breiteberg ( ). South of the hilltop, the state road 136 runs from Bertsdorf through the south-east to south-lying Viebig and the south-west lying Jägerwäldchen and Saalendorf to Waltersdorf . In the west-north-west to north-west are Neuschönau and Großschönau. The Seidelsberg ( ) rises in the northeast, the Pocheberg ( ) to the south and the Taubenstallberge ( Taubenberge , ) in the southwest .
The Steinberg, together with the Breiteberg and the Seidelsberg, form a group of three phonolite peaks. On the wooded hilltop there are some small-scale, near-natural forest sections. Common broom and hornbill wheat thrive on the dry and warm forest edges of the eastern and southern slopes. Part of the cliff top region is protected as a natural monument.
On the Meilenblatt the summit is still known as Steinberg, the plateau to the north as Katzenheyde . The summit has been called Katzenkopf since the 19th century . The name is said to be derived from stray wild cats.
Probably the painter Carl Gustav Carus visited the cat's head in 1820. The picture Geognostic Landscapes with the subtitle Katzenköpfe bei Zittau , created after his trip, is often attributed to the singer's height near Waltersdorf, which Carus can be shown to have visited. This mountain, which was later heavily changed by a quarry, was still called Unglückstein at the time , whereas in the entire Zittau area only the Steinberg was referred to as Katzenkopf . From 1847 the landowner had the cat's head planted with deciduous and coniferous trees.
In 1856 the Großschönau entrepreneur Christian Friedrich Fabian founded the Pochefabrik as the first Großschönau factory at the western foot of the Steinberg. Their ruin was demolished in the 2000s.
Opportunities for viewing
The summit of the Steinberg offers no view because of the high forest. From the slopes below the summit there is a clear view to the east and south-east over the Zittau basin to the Iser and Jeschken mountains , to the south and south-west the western Zittau mountains with the Jonsberg , Buchberg , Lausche and Weberberg are visible. On the eastern slope, the Oberlausitzer Ringweg leads from Seidelsberg to the Butte.
- Memorial stone on the edge of the forest on the north slope: The stone erected in 1854 commemorates the completion of the forestation of the mountain that began in 1847
- Murderstone on Katzenhöhe ( ): It commemorates the murder of 22-year-old Marie Rosine Wagner by her groom on May 26, 1825
- Steinberg , naturparkblicke.de
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- Meilenblatt 362: Olbersdorf, Zittau, Bertsdorf, Mittelherwigsdorf (1805) , on deutschefotothek.de