|Civil name:||Tula Tokarew model 1933|
|Military designation:||Tokarev TT-33|
|Country of operation:||Soviet Union|
|Developer / Manufacturer:||
Fyodor W. Tokarew ,
Tulski Oruscheiny Sawod (TOS)
|Manufacturer country:||Soviet Union|
|Production time:||since 1933|
|Overall length:||196 mm|
|Total height:||130 mm|
|Total width:||30.5 mm|
|Weight: (unloaded)||0.854 kg|
|Sight length :||153 mm|
|Barrel length :||117 mm|
|Caliber :||7.62 × 25 mm Tokarev M1930|
|Possible magazine fillings :||8 cartridges|
|Ammunition supply :||single-row bar magazine|
|Cadence :||32 rounds / min|
|Fire types:||Single fire|
|Number of trains :||4th|
|Visor :||open sights|
|Closure :||Latch lock|
|Charging principle:||Recoil loader|
|Lists on the subject|
The Tokarew TT-33 ( Russian Пистолет ТТ-33 : Тульский, Токарева образца 1933 года , , Tokarewa obrasza Goda Tulskij 1933 , in German: Tula gun of Tokarew Model 1933 ) is a Soviet Self-loading pistol in caliber 7,62 x 25 mm .
In the 1930s , the Red Army made the recoil loader developed by Fyodor Tokarew in the Tula arms factory into an orderly weapon . The TT-33 was the successor to the Nagant revolver and was replaced in the early 1950s by the 9-mm Makarow pistol .
Until the 1920s, Russia and later the Soviet Union did not have self-loading pistols made in-house. The standard handgun of both the Tsarist and the Red Army was the Nagant M1895 revolver, as well as various imported self-loading pistols, including the Mauser C96 . The Nagant was already considered obsolete at that time and should be replaced by a self-loading pistol developed in its own country. At the beginning of the 1920s, for example, a competition was called in which almost all well-known Soviet weapon manufacturers took part. SA Prilutzki presented a first test model in 1924, followed by SA Korowin in 1927 (M1927), both in caliber 7.65 × 17 mm HR . The Prilutzki pistol was further improved, submitted for tests in 1928 and designated as the M1928. In the comparison shooting in 1928, both Prilutzki's and Korowin's weapons performed better than the Walther pistol used as a comparison weapon. The M1928 was declared the winner and the designer was commissioned with further improvements, but the series of 500 units initially planned for a troop test was not produced. In the meantime the discussion about the caliber had flared up again and now the much stronger Mauser bottle neck cartridge 7.63 × 25 mm , but converted to the caliber 7.62 × 25 mm, was to be introduced as a new orderly cartridge. Since in-house weapons and ammunition developments in the Soviet Union, as in the former tsarist empire, were based on imperial dimensions, the new caliber was adapted to the current machines. The old unit line in precision engineering corresponds to 1/10 of an inch, so three lines result in 7.62 mm.
Therefore, the competition for the Red Army's new orderly pistol was reopened, Prilutzki and Korowin submitted their weapons in the new caliber, but lost in the comparison shooting in Tula on June 25, 1930 against Tokarev's model, which already had the new 7.62 mm Ammunition used. Foreign pistol models took part in the comparison shooting, for example various Mauser, Browning and Walther models as well as the 08 pistol .
In January 1931, the M1930 was recommended for use in armament and a pilot series of 1000 pieces was ordered.
The TT-30 represents a further development and combination of different construction elements of the Colt M1911 and the FN High Power . The optics are similar to the FN Browning model 1903 . The pivot mechanism of the bolt lug lock with a chain link as a connection between barrel and frame comes from the Colt. With the TT-30, the locking with top locking combs still corresponded to the M1911, with the successor model TT-33, the locking lugs were designed around the entire barrel circumference in order to save one processing step. Other changes affected the frame and backstrap, which were now made in one piece.
The original 7.62 mm pistols from Soviet manufacture did not have a manual safety device. To secure it, the cock had to be locked in "half" position, which blocked the entire mechanism. In this position the slide cannot be repeated and the hammer cannot be turned off. The trigger is also locked, making security “tangible”. The magazines of the TT-30 can also be used in the TT-33 and some have eyelets on the magazine floor for use by the cavalry . In Hungary, FEG ( Fegyver és Gépgyár - Waffen und Maschinenfabrik) manufactured the 9 × 19 mm pistol as a "Tokagypt" for Egypt. In Vietnam, the TT-33 was also converted to the 9 mm caliber by changing the barrel and inserting an insert in the magazine shaft. All 9mm Tokarews had a separate safety lever.
The TT-33 was an orderly weapon of the Soviet Army until 1951 . Some TT remained in use until the 1970s. The weapon was introduced in large numbers by various allies of the Soviet Union as a military and police pistol. It was manufactured under license in Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia, China and North Korea . China exported them to Africa, including Zambia, in the late 1960s.
- Model 51, Model 54: China
- Zastava Model 57: Yugoslavia, longer grip; 9-round magazine
- Zastava Model 70 (d): Yugoslavia, caliber 9 mm Para , longer grip; 9-round magazine
- Type 68: North Korea, shorter, lighter, different grips, finer slide corrugations (l = 182 mm, h = 132 mm, barrel length = 100 mm, weight with empty magazine: 0.880 kg)
- PW wz.33: Poland
- Tokarew "Sportowy": Poland, version in .22 lfB
- Model 48: Hungary, faithful replica
- Tokagypt 58: Hungary, caliber 9 mm Para, different grip, magazine and fuse
- Günter Wollert, Reiner Lidschun: Infantry weapons yesterday. (1918-1945) . In: Illustrated encyclopedia of infantry weapons from around the world . 3. Edition. tape 2 . Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-89488-036-8 , weapons, p. 415-419 .
- Günter Wollert, Reiner Lidschun, Wilfried Copenhagen : Rifle weapons (1945–1985) . In: Illustrated encyclopedia of rifles from around the world . 5th edition. tape 1 + 2 . Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-89488-057-0 , p. 167, 304, 322, 347, 445-446 .
- Ilya Schajdurow: Russian firearms. Types, dates, technology . 1st edition. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 3-613-03187-6 , p. 400 .
- Tokarev TT-30 / TT-33. In: www.waffenhq.de. Retrieved February 3, 2016 .
- A Hungarian replica of the Walther PP was also called model 48 or M48, which can lead to mix-ups.