|Mayor:||Adrián Maderna (Chubut Somos Todos)|
|Postal code :||U9100|
Trelew ([ treˈleu ]) is a city in northeastern Chubut Province in southern Argentina . The city is located in the valley of the Río Chubut 25 kilometers west of the Atlantic coast and has 99,430 inhabitants ( INDEC census , 2010).
Like the provincial capital Rawson, Trelew belongs administratively to the department of the same name , but has long since surpassed it in terms of population and economic importance and is now the second largest city in the province after Comodoro Rivadavia . Trelew is one of the Welsh settlements in the Río Chubut Valley that was founded in the 19th century.
The city of Trelew has a temperate and dry climate, but is affected by constant south winds.
- In the winter months (June 21st to September 21st) the temperatures fluctuate between 0 ° C and 15 ° C, the perceived temperature between −3 and 12 ° C.
- In spring (September 21 to December 21) and autumn (March 21 to June 21) temperatures fluctuate between 10 and 20 ° C.
- In summer (December 21st to March 21st) temperatures rise to 38 ° C.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Trelew
Trelew in the 19th century
The settlement was founded by Welsh immigrants who came to the Argentine Patagonia at the end of the 19th century and wanted to connect the New Gulf with the valley by building a railway. The landing of the settlers is celebrated on July 28th with a folk festival. The immigrants from Wales were Protestants, but over time more than 30 chapels were built due to different faiths. The oldest building in town, the Tabernacl chapel. It was in the first half of the year 1889 by the Methodists - Calvinists built Church. The interior woodwork dates from around 1910.
In January 1886 the contract was signed with the company that was to take over the construction of the railway line. Immediately afterwards, the builders, Lewis Jones and Thomas Davies, began construction. Lewis Jones was the main initiator of the construction of the railroad and as a result became the personality to whom the regional economic development was owed. So the name of the village Trelew (Tre = village or settlement in Welsh and Lew from the name Lewis) came about in honor of the citizen who drove the development of the colony.
The Trelew massacre
Trelew is notorious for the Trelew massacre of August 1972, which is considered one of the worst massacres in Argentine history . Under the military dictatorship of Alejandro Agustín Lanusse , 25 opposition militants fled the maximum security prison in Rawson , shortly afterwards 19 of them were arrested by government troops at Trelew airport and 16 of them shot on August 22nd in the city's naval base . (Three prisoners survived seriously injured because they had to stand in double rows to be executed.) Eleven of them were members of the Marxist guerrilla group ERP , the main opponent of the military's "dirty war" that escalated during the dictatorship from 1976 to 1983 , for whom the massacre was considered The prelude applies.
Three naval officers responsible for the shootings were only sentenced to life imprisonment in 2012. The writer and former guerrilla fighter Francisco Urondo described the massacre in his work, The Shot of the Fatherland ( La Patria fusilada ).
The former train station from 1889 was at the beginning of economic development. Today it is a national historical monument and the seat of the regional museum “Pueblo de Luis”. From here the agricultural products were brought to Puerto Madryn , where they were shipped.
The city is particularly important as an agro-industrial center. The valley of the Río Chubut is fertile and is mainly used for fruit production. Trade is also important, with Trelew acting as a supply center for the entire region. The Trelew airport is also an important transportation hub in central Patagonia .
- Egidio Feruglio Paleontological Museum
- Trelew serves as a starting point for visiting the penguins at Punta Tombo or the maned seals , elephant seals and whales at the Valdés peninsula .
- The OMEGA transmission mast Trelew was part of the Omega navigation system until 1997 and, at 366 m, it was the tallest structure in Latin America.
- Portal Trelew (Spanish)
- IFAM - Statistical Information (Spanish)
- Chubut Province Portal - Trelew Information (Spanish)
- LiveArgentina.com - City information (Spanish)
- Maderna se consolidó como el nuevo intendente de Trelew '' (Spanish) . In: Diario Jornada , October 25, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- Video presentation of the city on the official website
- Source: REDATAM, database with the results of the 2010 and 2001 censuses. Online access ( memento of the original from October 29, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Climate Trelew
- Massacre as a prelude to the Argentine state terror , Focus on Latin America, August 21, 2017, accessed on December 1, 2017.
- Patricia Marchak, William Marchak: God's Assassins: State Terrorism in Argentina in the 1970s. McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal 1999, p. 95.
- Life imprisonment for Argentine ex-military because of massacre. In: Evangelisch.de of October 16, 2012, accessed on May 28, 2015.
- Museo Paleontológico Egidio Feruglio