|Coordinates||51 ° 40 ′ N , 3 ° 30 ′ W|
|Residents||7694 (as of 2011)|
|ZIP code section||CF42|
|Part of the country||Wales|
|Preserved County||Mid glam organ|
|Unitary authority||Rhondda Cynon plate|
Treorchy ( Welsh Treorci ) is a village in Wales that used to be an independent town and has received this character. It is located in the Rhondda Cynon Taf County Borough in the Rhondda Fawr Valley . Treorchy is also one of the 16 communities of Rhondda , along with the villages of Cwmparc and Ynyswen .
The place is in the valley of the Afon Rhomdda Fawr at about 300 m above sea level . The river runs from north to south and has a large number of tiny tributaries from the surrounding hills. The surrounding heights rise up to approx. 440 m . Coal mining and partly open-cast mining has left deep scars in the area.
The A4061 over the pass Bwlch y Clawdd to Südwetsen leads to Bridgend through the Ogmore Vale , as well as to Maesteg and Port Talbot . In the Rhondda Fawr Valley, the A4061 continues northwards to the end of the valley at Treherbert and on to Hirwaun . There is an intersection with Head of the Valleys Road south of the Brecon Beacons National Park .
The A4058 south follows the course of the valley to Llwynypia , Tonypandy , Porth and Pontypridd , where it joins the A470 to Cardiff .
The Treorchy train station is located on the Rhondda Line , by Transport for Wales / Cymru Trafnidiaeth regular connections to the train station Treherbert and after Cardiff Central offers.
Buses of the company Stagecoach operate according Blaenrhondda , Blaencwm , Treherbert, Tonypandy , Porth, Pontypridd and Caerphilly . In summer there are also buses (Veolia Transport) to Bridgend and Brecon .
Before industrialization , most of the land belonged to the noble families of Glamorgan . Treorchy specifically belonged to the Marquess of Bute's estate . The discovery of coal fundamentally changed the area. From 1851 Treorchy developed into an industrial city. Around the coal industry, the place grew enormously in the late 19th century and early 20th century, but by the end of the 20th century all coal mines were closed again, causing severe social decline.
Treorchy had become an independent town when the Abergorki Colliery , in the north near Cwm Orci, was founded in 1859 by a Mr. Huxham as an open pit. Huxham had previously been the manager of the Bute Merthyr Colliery . The company was sold to JH Insole von Cymmer in 1862 . The first mine at Treorchy was dug in the 1860s by David Davies of Llandinam , who would later own the Ocean Coal Company. Initially, the city developed along the main road that runs along the valley, but in 1875 a road network was also built behind it.
Before industrialization, the vast majority of the population spoke Welsh, and Welsh remained the predominant language until the mid-20th century. The first immigrants to Rhondda came from the rural areas of Wales and only later did larger immigration from England. As recently as 1901, 64.4% of the population of the Rhondda Urban District were Welsh-speaking, but by 1911 the percentage had dropped to 56.6%.
Ysgol Gymraeg Ynyswen , a primary school with Welsh as the language of instruction, is located in Ynyswen. When it was founded in 1950, it was the first school of its kind in Rhondda. In addition to Treorchy, it also serves the surrounding villages, including Treherbert, Cwmparc, Penyrenglyn and Blaencwm.
After the closure of the Abergorki , Tylecoch , Parc and Dare Colliery coal mines in the late 1970s, Treorchy became a dormitory town for commuters who found work in major cities like Cardiff and Bridgend . There are only a few retailers left in Treorchy today.
In the early days of industrialization, Treorchy was considered a fortress of non-conformism with numerous chapels, the largest of which was Noddfa , a Welsh Baptist chapel with more than a thousand seats and a proud choir tradition.
Treorchy now has two schools: Treorchy Primary School and Treorchy Comprehensive . The Primary School is in the tradition of the Treorchy Boys and Treorchy Girls Schools , it is located on Glyncoli Road and was built according to original plans that were also used for many other schools in Rhondda.
Treorchy Comprehensive School was built on the grounds of the Tylecoch Colliery. The “Red Ash” sports field was built on the remains of the mine entrance. In 2006 this sports field was replaced by an AstroTurf sports field . The school grounds extend from Chepstow Road, Cwmparc, to Tylecoch Bridge, Treorchy.
In the Parc and Dare Hall , the Treorchy Male Choir and the Parc and Dare Band meet . There are also cinema, theater and pantomime performances in the hall.
In 1928 the National Eisteddfod (singing competition) was held in Treorchy , the only time this event was held in Rhondda.
The Treorchy RFC plays in rugby union . The players are nicknamed "Zebras".
- Euros Bowen (1904–1988), poet and bard
- Billy Cleaver (1921-2003), rugby player
- Donald Watts Davies (1924-2000), physicist and information technologist
- John Davies (1938-2015), historian
- Peter George (1924–1966), writer and screenwriter
- Noel Kinsey (born 1925), football player
- Wayne Jones (born 1948), football player
- Clive Thomas (* 1936), soccer referee
- Frank Vickery (* 1951), playwright
- Geraint Williams (born 1962), football player
- ^ Community population 2011. Accessed May 15, 2015 .
- ↑ Our Past . RCT Library Services. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
- ↑ a b Historic Landscape . Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- ^ The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales . John Davies , Nigel Jenkins , Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch 2008: 750. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6
- ^ Jones: Statistical Evidence , p. 44.
- ^ The Parc & Dare Band at brassbands.co.uk
- Dot Jones: Statistical Evidence relating to the Welsh Language 1801-1911. University of Wales Press, Cardiff 1998. ISBN 0708314600