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The coat of arms of the royal family Troyekurov

The Princely House of Troyekurov ( Russian Троекуров ) represents the older branch of the Yaroslavl dynasty of the House of Ryurik .

coat of arms

In silver, an upright black bear with a golden hatchet ( Berdysch ) over his shoulder. The shield rests on the prince's mantle crowned with the prince's hat.


The Princely House of Trojekurow comes from the third son of the Yaroslavl prince Lev Romanowitsch († approx. 1490), Prince Mikhail Lwowitsch of Yaroslavl († after 1516), called "Trojekur".

Michails Lwowitschs Apanage consisted of a vast area with several villages and a center in Burmakino on the banks of the Tunoschonka (also called 'Tunoscha'), a right tributary of the Volga east of Yaroslavl. His descendants managed to keep this rule in their possession until their line was extinguished. Since Prince Michail Lwowitsch Trojekur entered the service of Moscow as an apanaged prince, he received the highest rank that the Grand Duke of Moscow had to award, that of boyar . His descendants held the highest offices in the Moscow Zarenhof as well as in the military hierarchy and the administration of the Moscow State and later the Russian Empire: The Princely House Troekurov presented for the Czar services always boyars Okolnitschis, provincial governors and Stolniks.

Ancestral history

Throughout the centuries, the Trojekurow Princely House retained a manageable number of members in each generation, which meant that the property was hardly affected by the divisions of the estate . The Princely House owned substantial land in the old Yaroslavl Apanage, especially Burmakino, and in the (later) governorates of Moscow , Kaluga , Ryazan and Tambov . The Moscow Grand Duke enfeoffed Prince Michail Lwowitsch Trojekur with the rule of Suponewo in Ujesd Zvenigorod , which he bequeathed to his third son, the boyar Prince Michail Michailowitsch Trojekurow († after 1567) with the nickname "Akhmet". Since his eldest grandson, Prince Roman Fjodorowitsch Trojekurow († 1620), who inherited the rule in question, died without descendants, it fell back to the crown. In Moscow, the Trojekurow dynasty owned a prestigious city residence near the Kremlin on Okhotny Ryad Street, which his progenitor, Prince Mikhail Lvovich Trojekur, had built. His eldest son, Prince Ivan Michailowitsch Trojekurow († 1564), inherited this residence along with Burmakino and in 1550 was enfeoffed by the tsar with an estate with an area of ​​200 Cheetwert (about 109 hectares) in Ujesd Moscow. In 1554 he also received the rank of boyar. His son Prince Fyodor Ivanovich Trojekurow († 1568) fell victim to the terror of Tsar Ivan the Terrible . Fjodor's son Ivan seems to have died at a young age.

Church of Nicholas the Wonderworker in Troyekurovo

The tribe was continued by the descendants of the aforementioned Prince Michail Michailowitsch Trojekurow, called "Akhmet". His eldest son, Prince Vasili Michailowitsch Trojekurow, died after 1586 without any descendants. His younger brother, Prince Fyodor Michailowitsch Trojekurow († 1597), became Okolnitschi in 1581 and Boyar in 1586. He left two sons: Prince Roman Fjodorowitsch Trojekurow, who died childless, and his brother Prince Iwan Fyodorowitsch Trojekurow († 1621), who received the rank of boyar in 1620. In his first marriage, he was married to the eldest daughter of the boyar Nikita Romanowitsch Sacharjin-Jurjew († 1586), the grandfather of the future Tsar Mikhail I. , which favored his career at the court of the new Tsar dynasty and brought him new land donations and leases. Above all, this included the Lords of Swerevo in Ujesd Moscow and Nikolskoje in Ujesd Zvenigorod. His only son, Prince Boris Ivanovich Trojekurow (1617–1674) inherited an immense fortune. He enlarged his possessions considerably through new gifts from the Tsar and purchases. On the territory of his rule Choroschewo on the Setun River on the Krymski Wal (today Jakimanka Street in Moscow) in the immediate vicinity of Moscow, he built a new magnificent residence in 1644–1648, which was called Trojekurovo, and in 1699–1703 an imposing church in the style of the early so-called Russian (or Moscow) Baroque , which was dedicated to St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker (by Myra) . Boris Iwanowitsch Trojekurow's son, Prince Iwan Borissowitsch Trojekurow († 1703), was the sole heir of his father's property, since his brother Dmitri († 1670) died early. Ivan's two sons were killed in the war while he was still alive: the elder, Fyodor (1667–1695), in the 2nd Russo-Turkish War at Azov and the younger, Ivan (1670–1702), as a captain in the Great Northern War Staraya Ladoga . Through the marriage of Fyodor Ivanovich Trojekurov's only daughter, Princess Praskowja Fyodorovna Trojekurowa (1695–1746), with Prince Sergei Michailowitsch Dolgorukow (1695–1763) in 1717, the reigns of Svervo and Nikolskoye fell to the family of Prince Dolgorukov. Ivan's only son Prince Alexei Ivanovich Trojekurow (1693-1740) left only one daughter, Princess Ekaterina Alexejewna Trojekurowa, who owned most of the goods of her house, especially the rule Trojekurowo (alias Khoroshevo) on the Setun and Burmakino in the marriage with Count Vladimir Semjonowitsch Saltykow (1705-1751) brought in. A smaller part went to her aunt Princess Praskovia Ivanovna Trojekurowa († 1748), who was married to Count Ivan Petrovich Tolstoy († 1728).

The progenitor of the line of Prince Trojekurow, Prince Michail Lwowitsch Trojekur and most of his descendants found their final resting place in the Savior Transfiguration Monastery in Yaroslavl , which symbolized their connection to the appanage of their ancestors and their dynasty.


  • И. Беляев: Список с грамоты царя Ивана Васильевича 1550 года о жаловании поместьями . In: Временник Императорского московского общества истории и древностей Российских . Книга 20, 1854, p. 183 .
  • П.Н. Петров: История родов русского дворянства . tape I , 1886, p. 183 .
  • А.Б. Лобанов-Ростовский: Русская родословная книга . tape II , 1895, p. 294-296 .
  • Список с дозорной книги поместных земель думного дьяка П. Третьякова, стольника князя Ив. Троекурова (во Фроловском станке) и стольника князя Ник. Ник. Черкасского (в Шапшинском станке), письма и дозора Ив. Гневашева и подьячего И. Воробьева. К. 56, л. 134-161
  • Отказные книги на землю в Алатырском уезде, при деревне Новом Барышке, отказанную стоказанную суказанную сувольнику.