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Districts of the municipality of Copenhagen (since 2007): G = Valby
Basic data
Surface: 9.23 km²
Residents: 52,809
Population density : 5,183 per km²
Height above
sea ​​level
5 m
Postal code : 2500 Valby
House roofs by Valby

Valby is a district in the west of the Danish capital Copenhagen . The quarter is characterized by mixed development: apartment blocks, terraced and single-family houses, as well as allotment gardens , industrial and commercial buildings and the Valby Idrætspark sports arena . Valby covers an area of ​​9.23 km²; 46,161 inhabitants live here, so the population density is 5002 inhabitants / km².

The local area is divided into five parishes ( Danish Sogn ): Hyltebjerg, Timotheus, Valby, Aalholm and Valby Søndre Sogn.

Location and structure

The district borders in the east on Kongens Enghave and Vesterbro , in the north on Frederiksberg , in the northeast on Vanløse and in the west on the Hvidovre . Kalveboderne is the name of the shallow water towards the south, which connects Køge Bay with the southern harbor ( Sydhavn ). In the northeast, Valby borders on Lake Damhus.

Separated from the rest of Copenhagen by the West Cemetery Vestre Kirkegård , the Søndermarken Gardens and Frederiksberg Castle Park, as well as former industrial areas, Valby still has a reputation for being a bit out of the way. The ongoing urban redevelopment and the expansion of Carlsberg Byen (Carlsberg-Quartier) into a new residential area are expected to end this remote location. Other former industrial areas in this area are also being redeveloped, which is why Valby's population has recently increased significantly.

The most striking topographical features of the district are Valby Bakke and the Harrestrup Å river, which marks the western border.

“Die Spinnerei” (Spinderiet), shopping center in Valby

The remains of the original Valby are now in the northern part of Valby Langgade, the old road to Roskilde, which already begins at Carlsberg Byen and leads through Pile Allé and meets the new Roskildevej at Damhussøen west along the border from Frederiksberg .

Today's center of Valby is located near Toftegårds Plads and was renovated in 2011. New facilities on the square are the ball cage, a climbing wall made of glass and a moving stage. The cultural center, the train station and the Spinderiet shopping center are located here.

Valby's sports complex, the multi-purpose stadium Valby Idrætspark , can be used for several sports, but is mainly known for football. A new swimming center was opened on February 2, 2012.

The largest green space in Valby is Valby Park , currently the largest park in Copenhagen, and Vigerlev Park , which is located along Harrestrup Å. The Carlsberg area also contains two historic gardens, one of which is open to the public.



The burial mound of Danshøj, the stone setting of Valby and many other archaeological finds show that Valby was inhabited by humans at least since the first centuries of our era. Modern Valby developed from two villages, Valby and Vigerslev. The name Valby was first mentioned in 1186, under the name Walbu . Valby means "village / house on the plain". In the early Middle Ages, Valby fell to the Utterslev crown estate , which comprised large stretches of land around Hafn ("harbor") from which Copenhagen was to develop. In 1167 Waldemar I. gave Havn and Utterslev to the bishop of Roskilde, but in 1417 both properties were renewed to the crown.

Two market women in Valby costume, around 1800
View from Valby Bakke to the siege of Copenhagen in 1659

Both during the civil war that led to the Reformation (1533–1536) and the siege of Copenhagen in the Second Northern War , Valby was almost completely destroyed (1658–1660), which led to hardship and poverty.

In 1682 Valby consisted of 13 farms and 25 houses. Vegetables were grown in a single, intensively cultivated garden, which was sold in competition with Amager's farmers on Copenhagen's market square.

At that time Valby did not have its own church, since 1628 it had belonged to the parish of Hvidovre Sogn . In 1675 the church of Hvidovre was supplemented by a central aisle for Valby, on the one hand to bring symmetry into the spatial design of the church, on the other hand to meet the wishes of the citizens of Valby to be able to sit for themselves.


Valby village center, 18th century

In the 17th century a road from Copenhagen to Roskilde ran through Valby and an inn opened. The first landlord was Hans Pedersen Bladt, a skilled merchant who was elected mayor of Copenhagen in 1675.

Valby benefited from the proximity to Frederiksberg Castle , which was the summer residence of King Frederik VI from 1699 to 1703 . was built. The royal presence brought more life to the village. It is said that Queen Marie Sophie , wife of Frederick VI, often gave children of the village sweets on her rides.

In 1721 the king granted the place trading rights and in 1722 had a Rytterskole built; Rytterskoler were schools in the royal estate districts and forerunners of the elementary school.

Later Valby was often associated with poultry farming. Chickens and geese from Valby were sold on Gammeltorv in Copenhagen.

Excursion destination and train station

Street view of Alt-Valby
Carlsberg, around 1883

In 1776 the course of the road was relocated in the direction of Roskilde, so that it led directly from Vesterbro over the Valby hill. This bypassed the center of the village, which led to the demolition of the inn and other shops.

In return, Valby developed into a popular excursion destination and summer stay for Copenhagen citizens, a development that Frederiksberg had already seen before. A pioneer was the artist and theater director James Price, who spent his first summer here in 1795. He was followed by other members of the wealthy bourgeoisie. In 1847 the first railway line was put into operation. It linked the capital with Roskilde via Valby. The station was closed in 1864 when the new central station in Copenhagen opened and the railway line passed through Frederiksberg. Today's Valby station ( København – Fredericia line ) is located a little west of the first station.

Carlsberg Brewery

A natural spring was found in the course of the track work. Brewmaster Jacob Christian Jacobsen then built the Carlsberg brewery on the eastern flank of Valby Bakke in 1847 . In 1882 his son Carl Jacobsen founded his own brewery on the opposite side, the reason being a falling out between father and son. Both breweries grew and were united after the senior's death.

Carl Jacobsen was also the driving force behind Valby's first church, the Jesus Church. The construction was financed with the paternal inheritance. It was inaugurated on November 15, 1891, but for the first ten years still belonged to the municipality of Hvidovre Sogn .

20th century

Nordisk film studio with the silhouettes of the Olsen Gang

In 1901 Valby was incorporated into Copenhagen and as a result of industrialization it became a working-class district. In 1907 the “Danish Cotton Mills” (De Danske Bomuldsspinderier) opened a spinning mill in the center of Valby. Other companies that settled here at this time were Carl Aller 's Aller Media A / S and CF Rich & Sønner, which manufactures coffee substitutes . In 1956 the company FL Smidth & Co came to Valby and took a centrally located area.

Ole Olsen founded the Nordisk Film Studio in 1906 , which has been located in the middle of Valby ever since. Well-known Danish film productions such as the Olsen Gang , Matador and Copenhagen in the Middle of the Night (1984) were made here.

The Vigerslev railway accident on November 1, 1919 was the worst in Danish history.


The district extends on the hill Valby Bakke . The Danish idiomatic phrase vest for Valby Bakke (dt. Meaning "behind the Valby hill") is used - jokingly - as a synonym for "the province", which in turn means everything "outside of Copenhagen".


Valby Station

Valby is easily accessible by the S-Bahn ( S-tog ). The Valby station is centrally located near Toftegårds Plads. Some regional and IC trains stop in Valby, which connects to Frederikssund. Langgade station on Valby's eastern border is on Frederikssundbane . Ny-Ellebjerg station is currently a major transport hub and serves as a transfer point between Køge Bugt-banen , Vestbane and the ring line, which runs through the outskirts of the city via Hellerup station in the north of Copenhagen. Danshøj station is mainly used as a transfer point between the B trains (at Tåstrup corner) and the F trains on the Ringbane (ring line). Other stations in Valby serving the ring line are Ålholm and Vigerslev Alleé.


Web links

Commons : Valby  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Københavns bydele . Københavns Municipality. Archived from the original on May 10, 2009. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved November 2, 2009. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Københavns største eksperimenterende byrum ser dagens lys ( Danish ) København municipality. Archived from the original on March 25, 2012. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 7, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b Valby ( Danish ) Selskabet for København's history. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 7, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. De gamle landsbyer. Tides for 1700 ( Danish ) Frederiksberg Commune. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 6, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. a b Aalholms Kirkes history ( Danish ) Aalholm Church. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  6. Hvidovre Kirke ( Danish ) Retrieved June 15, 2011.
  7. Valbykoner, Gammel Torv, approx. 1800 ( Danish ) Museum of Copenhagen. Archived from the original on May 6, 2011. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 7, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. See also Hintertupfingen .