Vadim Alexandrovich Trapesnikov
Vadim Alexandrovich Trapeznikov ( Russian Вадим Александрович Трапезников ; born November 28 . Jul / 11. December 1905 greg. In Moscow ; † 15. August 1994 ) was a Russian electrical engineer , cybernetics and university teachers .
Trapesnikow from a noble family attended the First Moscow High School , which he could not complete because of the October Revolution and the subsequent civil war . He then worked as a chemical laboratory assistant , as a leveler for the railroad and as a meteorologist for the household goods company MosChos in Dolgoprudny . In addition to work, he attended vocational school. In 1921 he began studying at Moscow University . In 1923 he moved to Moscow University of Technology and studied electrical engineering with a degree in 1928. The subject of his diploma thesis was train lighting .
1928-1933 Trapesnikow worked in the All Union Electrical Engineering Institute . He investigated the conditions for an optimized mass production of three-phase asynchronous machines and in 1929 published his first paper, Investigation of the Rosenberg DC Generator . In 1933 he moved to Orgenergo in Sverdlovsk as a brigade engineer . 1934–1937 he was a member of the Expert Council for the All Union series of electrical machines . In 1936 he received his first copyright certificate for the construction of a temperature controller . In 1937 his monograph Foundations of the Planning of Series Asynchronous Machines was published . In 1938 he became chief engineer of the machine shop . At the same time, he received an invitation to lead the automated laboratory of the Scientific Cotton Institute .
Since 1930 Trapesnikow taught at the Moscow Energy Institute as an assistant, lecturer and finally professor. In 1938 he was awarded the degree of candidate in technical sciences without a dissertation . At the end of this year he successfully defended his doctoral thesis on the principles of different planning of asynchronous machines .
In 1941 Trapesnikow became a senior scientific assistant at the Institute for Automatics and Telemechanics (later the WA Trapesnikow Institute for Problems of Control Theory of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR ). There he set up an automat laboratory. After the German attack , he and the institute were evacuated to Ulyanovsk . For the defense industry, automatic machines for weighing bulk goods and controlling mass production were built under his leadership . In 1947 his book Automatic Size Control was published .
1951 Trapesnikow became director of the Institute for Automatics and Telemechanics . In 1953 he was elected Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and in 1960 he was elected as a Real Member. In 1958, on the advice of academician Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov, he took part in a competition for preliminary projects to build the highly complex control systems for the new class of nuclear submarines , which should serve as hunters of the surface and underwater ships of the prospective opponents. Immediately, by decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR, he became the scientific director of the project, and his institute was one of the participating institutes. The first version of the hunting submarine ( blue whale ) was launched in 1971. The developed technology was then also used in the atomic icebreaker Arktika , Sibir and others.
In addition to his work as the director of the institute, Trapesnikov was first deputy president of the Committee for Science and Technology of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1965 to 1978 . In 1966 he was appointed to the new chair for general problems in control theory at the Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics at Moscow University, which he held until 1989. In fact, Sergei Wassiljewitsch Fomin built up and headed the chair. The chair was going through difficult times, but Trapesnikov's authority saved it from dissolution. In 1978 he retired. He was an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences .
Trapesnikov found his grave in Moscow's Kunzewo Cemetery .
- Medal "For heroic work in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945" (1945)
- Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1949)
- Stalin Prize (1951) for the development of electronic computing systems
- Hero of Socialist Work (1965) for his services in the field of control engineering in connection with his 60th birthday
- Order of Lenin (1965)
- Lenin Prize (1981) for the scientific management of the development of the control systems for the hunting nuclear submarines (Project 705)
- Order of the October Revolution
- Article Трапезников Вадим Александрович in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D111871~2a%3D%D0%A2%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0% BA% D0% BE% D0% B2% 20% D0% 92% D0% B0% D0% B4% D0% B8% D0% BC% 20% D0% 90% D0% BB% D0% B5% D0% BA% D1% 81% D0% B0% D0% BD% D0% B4% D1% 80% D0% BE% D0% B2% D0% B8% D1% 87 ~ 2b% 3D% D0% A2% D1% 80% D0% B0% D0% BF% D0% B5% D0% B7% D0% BD% D0% B8% D0% BA% D0% BE% D0% B2% 20% D0% 92% D0% B0% D0% B4% D0% B8% D0% BC% 20% D0% 90% D0% BB% D0% B5% D0% BA% D1% 81% D0% B0% D0% BD% D0% B4% D1% 80% D0% BE% D0% B2% D0% B8% D1% 87
- Vadim Alexandrowitsch Trapesnikow , liveinternet.ru (Russian, accessed April 25, 2016).
- Vadim Alexandrovich Trapesnikov . The Seven Arts No. 11 (24), November 2011 (Russian, accessed April 25, 2016).
- Trapeznikov Vadim Alexandrovich , warheroes.ru (accessed on 25 April 2016).
|SURNAME||Trapesnikov, Vadim Alexandrovich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Трапезников, Вадим Александрович (Russian); Trapeznikov, Vadim Alexandrovich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Russian electrical engineer and cyberneticist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 11, 1905|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Moscow|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 15, 1994|
|Place of death||Moscow|