Werner Nestel

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Werner Max Nestel (born October 5, 1904 in Stuttgart , † March 30, 1974 in Ulm ) was a German high-frequency technician .


Nestel studied at the Technical Universities of Stuttgart and Berlin and was awarded a Dr.-Ing. PhD . Since 1929 he was a research assistant at the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft (RRG).

In 1933 Nestel played a key role in the development of the Volksempfänger . From 1937 he mainly built large transmitters at Telefunken . In 1938, as telephony director , he operated a VHF telephone connection between Athens and Crete .

From 1947 to 1956, as the technical director of Northwest German Broadcasting , he made a significant contribution to the rebuilding of radio and television broadcasting.

When Germany had lost its long waves with the Copenhagen Wave Plan in 1948 , and only a few medium waves remained, he looked for a way out and checked nine different methods, such as wire radio, very small single-wave transmitters, ultra-short waves, etc. Based on his experience, he decided on VHF - which he did on his own stood. The English gave him a one percent chance because of the poor production facilities. The industry declared it “lost” because it was way too expensive. And the post wanted wire radio . In contrast to the USA (with small transmitters and expensive receivers), he advocated strong transmitters and cheap receivers.

On July 19, 1948, the British military government had approved the resumption of television operations. Under Nestel's chairmanship, the 33 representatives of German television technology agreed on the 625-line standard on September 22, 1948 in Hamburg . On June 17, 1950, the official trial operation began in Hamburg-Lokstedt .

In 1949 he and Lothar Rohde put the first two VHF broadcasting stations in Europe into operation. In 1954 he was awarded the Grand Cross of Merit as the father of VHF broadcasting .

He taught as an honorary professor at the Technical University of Hanover. 1962, he was from the Technical University of Karlsruhe , the honorary doctorate awarded. Around 1970 he was also a board member responsible for research and development at AEG-Telefunken. On June 24, 1970, he and the engineers Gerhard Dickopp, Hans-Joachim Klemp, Horst Redlich and Eduard Schüller, together with Teldec, presented the video gramophone - later known as the TED video disk system.


  • Some applications of amplitude dependent resistors and amplifiers . Prinz, Bückeburg 1933
  • VHF Broadcasting in Germany . In: Documentation and information bulletin , Vol. 3, 1952, 11, pp. 1-12
  • 1950–1953: years of technical progress [in the NWDR]. In: Jahrbuch , Vol. 1950/53 (1955), pp. 7-15
  • Limits and prospects of communications . West German Publishing house, Cologne 1964
  • Space exploration and communications satellites . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1970
  • Communications engineering . In: 1980 is tomorrow . 1969, pp. 75-93


  • Oskar Blumtritt:  Nestel, Werner. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , p. 78 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr.-Ing.Eh Werner Nestel in memory. In: FunkGeschichte , No. 100, Jan./Feb. 1995, pp. 4-10, and No. 101, May / June 1995, pp. 72-83.
  • Ultra short earnings . In: Die Zeit , No. 41/1954.
  • TH Hannover (ed.): Catalogus Professorum. The teaching staff of the Technical University of Hanover 1831–1856 , Hanover: Technical University of 1956, p. 200.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. zuschauerpost.de
  2. Frequency , 1969, No. 10.23, p. 312, ISSN  2191-6349
  3. Pictures from the groove . In: Der Spiegel . No. 22 , 1970 ( online ).