Scharrelmann was the son of a grocer. He was the brother of the teacher and writer Heinrich Scharrelmann (1871–1940).
After the cathedral school, he attended the Bremen teachers' seminar on Hamburger Strasse like his brother . From 1896 to 1905 he was a village school teacher in Bremen- Seehausen , then from 1905 a teacher in Walle and from 1908 to 1921 at the auxiliary school Vegesacker Straße . During his time as a teacher he was involved in the Bremen school reform movement, the most prominent head of which was Fritz Gansberg .
After the First World War , his writing increased and so he quit school in Bremen in 1921. He settled in Worpswede in 1926, where he lived and worked in the remote Tannenhof until his death . Together with Hans Leip and the literary circle of friends around Hans Franck , Hans Friedrich Blunck , Agnes Miegel and Manfred Hausmann , he founded the conservative to z. Some also nationally oriented authors 'association Die Kogge , which was dissolved in 1934 in the course of the National Socialist policy of harmonization and merged with other authors' associations in the Reichsschrifttumskammer founded in October 1933 . Scharrelmann himself made a career in his native poetry during the Nazi era and was a willing actor of the time.
His stories focus on simple people: The stories from the Pickbalge (1919), Around Sankt Annen (1919) to A Child Opens His Eyes (1938). They were very popular - also from the official side of the Nazi state. Scharrelmann received the Hanover Province Literature Prize in 1935, along with others; the words of greeting at the award were given by Dr. Erdmann from Berlin on behalf of the Propaganda Ministry and the Reichsschrifttumskammer . Numerous other examples of Scharrelmann's loyalty to the regime can be found in the book by Strohmeyer / Artinger / Krogmann. Since August 1933 he was in the "Reich Association of German Writers eV" and, according to the file in the Federal Archives in Berlin, declared that he was "unreservedly ready to stand up for German literature in the interests of the national government". Since May 1934 he was also a "supporting member" of the SS.
After the Second World War , Scharrelmann wrote, among other things, the fables animals, clever like people (1946) and the fairy tales in The beautiful Columbine (1948).
He was buried in the Worpswede cemetery .
Novels and short stories
- Anna Maria , prose poems, 1900
- The Journey to Life , 1907
- Voices of Silence , 1908
- Michael Dorn , 1909
- Piddl Hundertmark , Story of a Childhood, 1912
- Grandmother's House and Other Stories , 1913
- Stories from the Pickbalge , short stories, 1916
- Valleys of Youth , 1919
- Around Sankt Annen , stories, 1919
- The three brothers and others , 1920
- Jesus the young man , 1920
- The two wreaths and other stories , 1920
- Blessed Poverty , 1920
- Silent love , 1920
- The first parish , narrative, 1921
- Dreamland , novella, 1922
- In Poppenburg , novellas, 1922
- Hahnemann's love garden , narrative, 1923
- The Testament and Other Tales , 1926
- The ferry house , 1928
- Hinnerk the Rooster , 1930
- Katen in Teufelsmoor , 1937
- A child opens his eyes , 1938
- Animals, Smart as People , Tales, 1946
- The Heavenly Wandering , 1947
- The hut under the stars , 1947
- The beautiful Columbine , 1948
- War , drama, 1906 (together with Johannes Wiegand )
- The door of heaven will be open! , Christmas play, 1910
- Die Heilige Not , play, 1914 (together with Johannes Wiegand)
- Circus roast violinist , Schwank, 1918
- The wedding in the Pickbalge , cheerful play, 1920
- 1926: The wedding in the Pickbalge - - Director: Hans Böttcher ( NORAG (Hamburg) )
- 1951: De Hochtied in de Pickbalge - adaptation and direction: Eberhard Freudenberg ( RB )
- 1952: Lammers is against it - Director: Jochen Rottke (RB)
- 1961: De Hochtied in de Pickbalge - Director: Ivo Braak (RB)
Awards and honors
- Kurt Franz (Ed.): Wilhelm Scharrelmann . In: Children's and Youth Literature. A lexicon: authors, illustrators, publishers, terms; Corian, Meitingen 1995ff, ISBN 3-89048-150-7
- Wilhelm Scharrelmann: Face of Friendship , ed. v. Johann-Günther König . Donat Verlag , Bremen 2000, ISBN 3-934836-10-0
- Ferdinand Krogmann: Writer in Worpswede during the "Third Reich" in the mirror of the press and his own works , including Wilhelm Scharrelmann: Pages 229–237, in: Strohmeyer / Artinger / Krogmann: Landscape, Light and Low German Myth. The Worpsweder art and the national socialism , Weimar 2000
- Literature by and about Wilhelm Scharrelmann in the catalog of the German National Library
- CV at Mahnke-Theaterverlag ( Memento from February 28, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- Herbert Black Forest : The Great Bremen Lexicon . 2nd, updated, revised and expanded edition. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X .
- Landscape, Light and Low German Myth. The Worpsweder art and the national socialism , Weimar 2000
- Bundesarchiv Berlin: Scharrelmann, Wilhelm, 3.9.75 RKK: 2101 Box: 1105 File: 08.
- Krogmann, Ferdinand: Worpswede in the Third Reich 1933-1945. Bremen: Donat Verlag 2011, pp. 19–23
- Herbert Black Forest: The Great Bremen Lexicon .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German teacher and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 3, 1875|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bremen|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 18, 1950|
|Place of death||Worpswede|