Vyacheslav Lypynskyi

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Vyacheslav Lypynskyi
Vyacheslav Lypynsky Signature-2.png
Memorial plaque for Vyacheslav Lypynskyj in Saturtsi
Memorial plaque for Vyacheslav Lypynskyj in Dubno
Vyacheslav Lypynskyi Memorial Museum in Saturtsi

Vyacheslav Kasymyrowytsch Lypynskyj ( Ukrainian В'ячеслав Казимирович Липинський , Polish Wiaczesław Kazimierz Lipiński ; * April 5 . Jul / 17th April  1882 greg. In Saturzi , volhynian governorate , Russian Empire ; † 14. June 1931 in Pernitz , Austria ) was a Ukrainian historian, political philosopher, publicist and ambassador.


Vyacheslav Lypynskyj was born in Saturzi near Lutsk in what is now the Lokatschi district of the Ukrainian Oblast of Volyn as the eldest son of the Polish aristocratic Lipiński family. He grew up in a Catholic, Polish aristocratic environment, which influenced his education, views and attitudes towards life.

He went to school in Zhytomyr , Lutsk and the Kiev 1st Gymnasium. After graduating from high school in 1902, he went to Kremenets to do his military service with the Riga Cavalry Regiment , but was later declared unfit for use by a military commission because of his heart and lungs. Lypynskyi suffered from tuberculosis for practically his entire life.

In the spring of 1903 he began studying agronomy at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow , where he also attended lectures on other subjects such as history and Ukrainian literature from Bohdan Lepkyj . He graduated in 1906 and married Kazimiera Szumińska on August 30, 1906 in Kraków. After that they went to the Swiss Geneva to there sociology at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Geneva study. However, since the local climate had a negative impact on his health, a year later he was given a doctor's recommendation to leave Switzerland again, which he followed. From 1909 Lypynskyj stayed partly in Krakow and partly on his own property in Russaliwski Tschahary ( Русалівські Чагари ) near Uman in what is now the Ukrainian Cherkassy Oblast . There he was engaged in scientific work and political activities. In 1909 he wrote the brochure "Szlachta ukraińska i jej udział w życiu narodu ukraińskiego" ("The Ukrainian nobility and their participation in the life of the Ukrainian people") and an article in the Kyiv biweekly magazine Przegląd Krajowy in which he wrote the (partly Polish) Urged nobility in Ukraine to participate in the rebirth of the Ukrainian nation. In 1914 he was one of the founders of the "Union for the Liberation of Ukraine". At the beginning of the First World War he was mobilized as a reserve officer in the Russian army , but due to his lung disease and the difficult war conditions, he was transferred back to the reserve in Dubno and finally to Poltava . There he experienced the February Revolution of 1917 and accused the Ukrainian Social Democrats at the beginning of the Ukrainian liberation struggle to have a lack of will for state independence. He participated after the February revolution in the Ukrainian units in Poltava on freedom struggle and founded in May 1917 Serhiy Schemet ( Сергій Михайлович Шемет 1875-1957), the Ukrajinska demokratytschno-chliborobska partija ( Українська демократично-хліборобська партія ), a conservative political party , of which he wrote the party manifesto published in October 1917.

After Ukraine was initially liberated by the Bolsheviks in the spring of 1918 , he approached Pavlo Skoropadskyj , who, with the support of the Central Powers , overthrew the Central Na Rada on April 29, 1918 and became head of state of the Ukrainian state as a hetman . At the beginning of June 1918 Lypynskyj traveled to Vienna and took over the post of ambassador of the Ukrainian state.

After the overthrow of the hetmanate in 1919 and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy , Lypynskyj resigned his post as ambassador in June 1919 and lived in exile in Austria. During this time he developed his most intensive scientific and social activities. He wrote the monograph "Ukrajina na perelomi 1656-1659" and published the collection "Chliborobska Ukrajina" ( Хліборобська Україна ) between 1920 and 1925 . He also founded the Ukrainian Union of Agrarians and Politicians in 1920 .

In November 1926 he went to Berlin on behalf of Pavlo Skoropadskyj , where he taught at the newly created Ukrainian Research Institute and published his book Lysty do bratiw-chliborobiw ( Листи до братів-хліборобів , letter to all farmers ) in 1926. After his tuberculosis attacked his heart in the spring of 1931, he was taken to the Wienerwald sanatorium in Pernitz near Vienna on April 26, 1931 , where he died in June 1931 at the age of 49 and was buried in the local Catholic cemetery.

In the 1960s, the East European Research Institute VK Lypynsky (EERI) was founded in Philadelphia , which published the works of Lypynskys in 25 volumes. In 2011 the house where he was born was restored and the Vyacheslav Lypynskyi Memorial Museum opened in it.


  • Dovidnyk z Istorii UKRAINY, 3-Volumes, "Vyacheslav Lypynsky" (t. 2), Kiev, 1993–1999 ISBN 5-7707-5190-8 (t. 1), ISBN 5-7707-8552-7 (t. 2 ), ISBN 966-504-237-8 (t. 3).
  • Zabarevs'kyi, M. [Doroshenko, D.]. V'iacheslav Lypyns'kyi i ioho dumky pro ukraïns'ku natsiiu ta derzhavu (Vienna 1925; Augsburg 1946)
  • V. Lypyns'kyi iak polityk i ideoloh ( Uzhhorod 1931)
  • Dzvony [commemorative issue], 1932, no. 6
  • Bosyi, V. V'iacheslav Lypyns'kyi: Ideoloh ukraïns'koï trudovoï monarkhiï ( Toronto 1951)
  • Pyziur, Ie. 'Viacheslav Lypyns'kyi i politychna dumka zakhidn'oho svitu,' Suchasnist ', 1969, no.9
  • Pelenski, J. (ed). The Political and Social Ideas of Vjačeslav Lypyns'kyj, special issue of HUS, 9, no. 3/4 (1985)
  • Rudnytsky, I. 'Viacheslav Lypynsky: Statesman, Historian, and Political Thinker,' in his Essays in Modern Ukrainian History, ed P. Rudnytsky ( Edmonton 1987)
  • Pelens'kyi, Ia. (ed). V'iacheslav Lypyns'kyi: Istoryko-politolohichna spadshchyna i suchasna Ukraïna (Kiev– Philadelphia 1994)
  • Horielov, M. Peredvisnyky nezalezhnoï Ukraïny: Istorychni rozvidky (Kiev 1996)
  • Ostashko, T .; Tereshchenko, Iu. (eds). V'iacheslav Lypyns'kyi z epistoliarnoï spadshchyny (Kiev 1996)
  • Masnenko, Vitalii. Istorychni kontseptsiï MS Hrushevs'koho ta VK Lypyns'koho: Metodolohichnyi i suspil'no-politychnyi vymiry ukraïns'koï politychnoï dumky 1920-kh rokiv (Kiev– Cherkassy 2000)
  • Halushko, Kyrylo. Conservator na tli doby: V'iacheslav Lypyns'kyi i suspil'na dumka ievropeis'kykh pravykh (Kiev 2002)
  • Gancarz, Bogdan. My, szlachta ukraińska: Zarys życia i działalności Wacława Lipińskiego 1882–1914 (Kraków 2006)

Much of Lypynsky's correspondence was published by the Lypynsky Eastern European Research Institute , including letters to him from Dmytro Doroshenko (1973) and Osyp Nazaruk (1976).

Web links

Commons : Vyacheslav Lypynskyj  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h i biography of Vyacheslav Lypynskyj on incognita.day.kiev ; accessed on March 22, 2017 (Ukrainian)
  2. a b biography of Vyacheslav Lypynskyj on 1576.ua ; accessed on March 22, 2017 (Ukrainian)
  3. Presentation on Vyacheslav Lypynskyj on svitppt.com.ua ; accessed on March 22, 2017 (Ukrainian)
  4. Entry on Lypynsky, Viacheslaw in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine ; accessed on March 22, 2017 (English)