Dahlbusch colliery

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Dahlbusch colliery
General information about the mine
Dahlbusch colliery 1911.jpg
historical postcard of the pit 3/4/6 (1911)
Mining technology Civil engineering
Funding / year 1200000 (1919) t
Information about the mining company
Employees 4215 (1919)
Start of operation 1860
End of operation 1966
Successor use Commercial space
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 29 '35 "  N , 7 ° 5' 10"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 29 '35 "  N , 7 ° 5' 10"  E
Dahlbusch Colliery (Ruhr Regional Association)
Dahlbusch colliery
Location Dahlbusch colliery
Location Rotthausen
local community Gelsenkirchen
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Gelsenkirchen
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The bill Dahlbusch was a coal - mine in Gelsenkirchen - Rotthausen . The Dahlbusch bomb , an escape capsule , is named after the Dahlbusch colliery .



Share over 100 Thaler in the Dahlbusch mining company from April 1, 1873, front page
Back of the share in French

Between 1845 and 1847. unsuspected several trades pit field possession around in the area of Emschermulde the village Rotthausen. In 1847, the German mining assessor Heinrich Thies and a Belgian financial consortium acquired a majority stake in the minefield property and founded the "Anglo-Belgian Society of the Rhenish Mines".

In 1848 work began on sinking the first shaft near the Rotthausen church, which was named "King Leopold" (probably after the Belgian King Leopold I ). Due to financial bottlenecks, the operating company had to liquidate several times. As a result, the sinking work was repeatedly interrupted, so that the final depth could not be reached until 1857. After the original company was converted into the German-Belgian stock corporation SA of the Belgisch-Rheinische Kohlenbergwerke an der Ruhr , the sinking work could finally be continued and the shaft finally started mining in 1860 .

As a result, the development of the edge areas of the mine field began. From 1868 to 1870, shaft 2 was sunk north of Rotthausen. The sinking work was accelerated considerably by using a new kind of shaft drilling method according to Kind and Chaudron . Due to the favorable reservoir conditions , shaft 2 was expanded as an independent conveyor system. The Dahlbusch settlement developed around it as a factory settlement.

In 1873 the old operating company was liquidated again because it could not raise the necessary financial resources for the further economic development of the two pits. The Dahlbusch mining company was re-established as the successor company . From then on, the entire mine operated under this name.

1874-1877 was in the southern part of the field on the road to Kray the double pit 3/4 sunk. This was equipped with two Malakow towers and also functioned as an independent conveyor system. From now on, the funding developed steadily. In 1881 the Dahlbusch colliery was the largest mining facility in the Ruhr area with an annual output of 877,000 tons, despite the relatively small mine field.

The economic stability enabled the mining company Dahlbusch to maintain its economic independence. A takeover offer by Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks-AG in 1887 was rejected by the shareholders. In fact, Dahlbusch AG was able to maintain its independence until the end of operations.


In 1890, Dahlbusch AG and other mine operating companies founded the Rheinisch-Westfälische Kohlensyndikat (RWKS) to represent interests. From 1890 to 1895, shaft 2 received a new production shaft with shaft 5. From 1896 to 1899, shaft 6 was sunk on shaft 3/4 as a new, modern production shaft. After its completion, in 1900 the Malakow tower above shaft 4 was replaced by a two-storey Tomson trestle so that it could be used as a cable car and material shaft.

In 1900, a coking plant was put into operation on both Dahlbusch 2/5 and Dahlbusch 3/4/6 . Between 1912 and 1914, Shaft 7 or Shaft Berger was sunk next to the centrally located shaft 1 to improve weather management . Finally, from 1914 to 1916, the new shaft 8 was sunk on shaft 2/5, which was equipped with a large double strut frame, as it was intended as a central shaft for a long time.

In 1919 the coking plant of the Dahlbusch 2/5/8 mine was shut down and, in return, the coking plant 3/4/6 was expanded into a central coking plant.

The production peaked at 1.2 million tons annually. In order to improve coal and coke sales, Dahlbusch AG was one of the founders and shareholders of several large successor companies, such as DELOG AG for glass production , Ruhrchemie in Oberhausen and a few others.

Extensive rationalization measures were carried out during the world economic crisis . Between 1927 and 1934, shafts 1 to 5 were abandoned and backfilled, as operating only with the three shafts 6, 7 and 8 made economic sense for the relatively small mine field. In 1936, part of the mine field of the neighboring disused Hibernia colliery and its shaft 1 were leased as an outdoor facility and continued to be operated.

On August 23, 1943, a firedamp explosion occurred, killing 38 miners.

In 1944, shaft 8 was temporarily canceled for mining due to a bomb hit in the machine center. Schacht 6 took over temporarily the promotion .


In the 1950s, the colliery increasingly had to contend with the risk of firedamp. On May 20, 1950, a severe firedamp explosion occurred in the Westfeld (shaft 6, 7th level) with 78 deaths. Six survivors came with severe burns, some of them third degree, to what was then the Knappschaft's hospital in Gelsenkirchen-Ückendorf. The most seriously injured was Heinz Otto Engelhardt (1923–1997), he was visited by the then Minister of Labor. The central memorial service took place on May 25, 1950 on the Zechenplatz in front of the Unglücksschacht 6, Federal President Theodor Heuss gave the funeral speech, then he accompanied the long funeral procession through the crowded streets of Gelsenkirchen-Rotthausen to the cemetery. The community grave that was laid out at that time with a large bronze monument made up of four larger-than-life miners on a grave slab is still there. The incident had a parliamentary aftermath; In 1950 a committee of inquiry in the German Bundestag dealt with the mine accident.

On May 7, 1955, three miners were trapped underground when a blind shaft broke. After four days, on May 12, 1955 , they were rescued through the first use of a new, self-developed rescue device , the Dahlbusch bomb named after this mine . On August 3, 1955, another firedamp explosion occurred in the “Hibernia” part of the field, which caused a mine fire . 42 miners fell victim to this accident.

From 1958 onwards, mining, ropeway travel and power generation were combined in shaft 8. In 1961 the “Hibernia” part of the field was given up. Hibernia 1 shaft has been filled .

In 1964, Dahlbusch AG registered the Dahlbusch colliery for closure, as the remaining coal reserves could no longer be extracted economically and the small mine field did not allow any further expansion.


On March 31, 1966, the last conveyor shift was run on Dahlbusch 8 and the mine was subsequently shut down. In the following years the shafts were filled and the daytime facilities were almost completely demolished.

Current condition

The site of the Dahlbusch 1/7 mine (Berger mine) is now partially used by the Scheuten Solar solar factory (manufacture of solar cells ). The site of the Dahlbusch 3/4/6 mine is partly home to small businesses and partly unused. The site of the Dahlbusch 2/5/8 mine has been renovated and is waiting for further development. In 2006 the then owner of this site went bankrupt.

The shares of the company, renamed Dahlbusch AG , were listed on the stock exchange until March 2019.


  • Hermann Josef Abs (1901–1994), around 1940 chairman of the administrative advisory board
  • Karl Brüggemann, long-standing commercial director ( board member )
  • Robert Bürgers, 1932–1938 member of the Audit Commission, around 1940 member of the Administrative Advisory Board
  • Albert Chaudron Jr., 1897–1902 member of the Audit Commission
  • J. Chaudron, 1851–1873 member of the Board of Directors, 1873–1905 Chairman of the Supervisory Board
  • Karl Holstein (1908–1983), member of the supervisory board
  • Wilhelm Kesten, 1912–1935 Chairman of the Management Board, later member of the Supervisory Board
  • Ernst Koenigs (1843–1904), 1873–1880 member of the Supervisory Board
  • Heinrich Kost (1890–1978), member of the supervisory board from 1933–1952
  • Hermann Lüthgen, 1905–1912 CEO
  • Werner Lüthgen, board member from 1934, chairman of the board from 1935–1960
  • Bruno Schulz-Briesen (1832–1919), director from 1863, member of the board from 1873, chairman of the board from 1879–1899
  • Max Schulz-Briesen, member of the board from 1899
  • Georg Solmssen (1869–1957), 1934–1939 Chairman of the Supervisory Board
  • Eugen Tomson (1842–1905, developer of the Tomson-Bock headframe design ), 1900–1905 chairman of the board


  • Wilhelm Kesten: History of the mining company Dahlbusch. Glückauf Publishing House, 1952.
  • Joachim Huske : The coal mines in the Ruhr area. Data and facts from the beginning to 2005 (= publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum 144). 3rd revised and expanded edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Aktiensammler 05/10, p. 14f, ISSN  1611-8006
  2. ^ Manfred Dennecke: German economic and financial history, p. 18; ISBN 3-9520775-0-X
  3. a b c d Jörn Stender: The unlucky collapse. WAZ, August 2, 2010, accessed June 13, 2012 .
  4. ^ Inventory 88 Bergwerksgesellschaft Dahlbusch, Gelsenkirchen-Rotthausen. Mining Archive Bochum, accessed on June 13, 2012 .
  5. The Dahlbusch bomb . In: Der Spiegel . No. 46 , 1963 ( online ).
  6. ^ Anton Zischka : The Ruhr in Transition. Field of ruins or tomorrow's savior? Scharioth'sche Buchhandlung, Essen 1966, p. 40.
  7. Dahlbusch AG: Management board resolves, with the approval of the supervisory board, to delist the shares in Dahlbusch Aktiengesellschaft , notification according to Article 17, Paragraph 1 of the Market Abuse Ordinance of March 5, 2019, accessed on June 15, 2019