District town Bergheim
|64 m above sea level NHN
|4766 (Jun. 30, 2019)
|Postal code :
|Area code :
The name "Zieverich" is of Roman origin. The Antonine itinerary in the 3rd century mentions the vicus " Tiberiacum " as a place 22 km west of Cologne . It is believed to be in the area of the Bergheim district of Thorr . Its name should later have passed on to a settlement in the area of today's Zieverich, where the remains of three Roman " villae rusticae " were discovered. This makes Zieverich the only place name in the entire Rhein-Erft district that is mentioned in an ancient document.
The next mention comes in 898 in a letter of donation from King Zwentibold to the Essen monastery . In addition to other places, Zwentibold also donated the place “Ciuiraha” to the noble women's monastery in Essen. This first documentary mention of the place Zieverich (not just the name) was the basis for celebrating a 1100th anniversary in 1998.
In the late Middle Ages two castle complexes are documented in Zieverich, the so-called upper castle of the von Ahr family , which has completely disappeared and later passed into the possession of the Droste family, and the sparsely preserved lower castle of the Lords of "Ceverich". At the border to modern times, the name "Zeverke" can also be found in Jülich-Bergische documents. For the early modern period, the news is sparse. With the reign of Napoleon, Zieverich came to Mairie Bergheim in 1800 , which after the Congress of Vienna in 1814 went to the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1816 there were 168 residents in Zieverich, most of them day laborers or farmers.
The first tangible news about the independent municipality of Zieverich dates back to 1845.
On September 13, 1861, the King's Parade (forerunner of the Imperial Parade) of the VIII Army Corps took place in Zieverich, the next day the King's maneuver and from September 16 to 20 an exercise against the VII Army Corps . The latter two parts later became the second part of the imperial maneuvers alongside the parade .
By order of the Prussian government, the community built a school in 1890, in 1897 it was connected to the rail network, and in 1906 a volunteer fire brigade was founded.
In 1910 the population was 292. In 1938 the municipality of Zieverich was incorporated into the town of Bergheim.
During the Second World War , large parts of the town were destroyed by Allied bombers, as the railway line running through Zieverich, the intersection and the Erftbrücke were of strategic importance. The civil population fell to 178 people by 1945.
The post-war period was characterized by the reconstruction and the influx of numerous new residents to Zieverich, especially in the 1960s and 1970s.
The place is on the old Roman road Trier-Neuss .
Despite its long history, Zieverich is poor in monuments. Since Zieverich belonged and belongs to the parish of Paffendorf, a Catholic church was not established until the 20th century. One of the two castles has completely disappeared, the other only a few remains. The Second World War almost completely destroyed Zieverich.
Mention should be made:
- The remnants of Zieverich Castle , a round tower from the 16th century with a three-tiered slate dome from the 18th century and a delicate stucco ceiling from the end of the 18th century in the tower room, as well as a farm building on the street belonging to the former castle, also from the 18th century. Century, is now part of the facilities of the House of St. Gereon (see below). The castle owned the Zievericher Mühle , also an 18th century facility, of which the main house, some outbuildings and the mill pond have been preserved. The Zievericher Mühle is used for gastronomy today.
- The Protestant Christ Church on the Erft is a sober, functional building from the 1950s and replaces a previous building from 1895 that was almost completely destroyed by bombs in the Second World War.
- The Catholic Church of St. Gereon was built in 1962 as the church of the St. Gereon children's home , now the St. Gereon House, and is used by the parish of Paffendorf as a branch church for the Zieverich Catholics. The Cologne architect Nikolaus Rosiny planned a building that was adapted to the needs of the children's home. The flat structure should accommodate the child's proportions.
Due to its proximity to the Bergheim city center, Zieverich is not richly blessed with its own cultural life.
The St. Pankratius Shooting Society has existed since 1875 and celebrates its shooting festival every year on the first weekend in May.
The church choir St. Gereon Bergheim-Zieverich was only founded in 1980 as a choir at the subsidiary church St. Gereon, but quickly developed into a well-known ensemble well beyond the borders of the town and gives numerous concerts in the Cologne area, but also beyond out to attract attention. Since 2009 he has performed outside of local contexts as the Rhein Erft Chamber Choir .
The St. Gereon House , supported by the Jakob van Gils Foundation, which has been housed in Zieverich Castle since 1956 and takes care of children and young people on the fringes of society, is also part of the local culture .
- Andy Borg (* 1960), the presenter and singer, lived in the village for 26 years
On December 18, 1978, the BSV Zieverich 1978 eV was founded. In the beginning there was only one football department. In 1982 the gymnastics department and in 2000 the basketball department were added.
- Heinz Andermahr: The Zwentibold document from 898 and its political background. In: Zieverich. History of a Rhenish village. Festschrift on the occasion of the 1100th anniversary. Bergheim 1998, p. 1 f.
- Maria Pfordt: Zieverich. From prehistory to the Middle Ages. In: Zieverich. History of a Rhenish village. Festschrift on the occasion of the 1100th anniversary. Bergheim 1998, pp. 3-22.
- Heinz Braschoss: Zieverich in the 19th and 20th centuries (1794–1945). In: Zieverich. History of a Rhenish village. Festschrift on the occasion of the 1100th anniversary. Bergheim 1998, pp. 23-44.
- Helmut Schrön: Zieverich from the end of the war until today. In: Zieverich. History of a Rhenish village. Festschrift on the occasion of the 1100th anniversary. Bergheim 1998, pp. 45-54.