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District town Bergheim
Coordinates: 50 ° 56 ′ 7 ″  N , 6 ° 40 ′ 52 ″  E
Height : 81 m
Area : 9.68 km²
Residents : 14,699  (Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 1,518 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1975
Postal code : 50127
Area code : 02271

Audio file / audio sample Quadrath-Ichendorf ? Due to the former industry,/ i is the largest and most populous district of the district town ofBergheimin theRhein-Erft districtinNorth Rhine-Westphalia. It lies on both sides of theErft, the northeast edge of the local area extends to theVillehang.

On December 31, 2010, 14,219 people lived in the twin village . The place is known nationwide for the Schlenderhan and Pliesmühle studs .


Etymology of the place name

In the debate about the origin of the place name "Quadrath", there is only agreement among local researchers on one point: It does not come from the Latin term "quadratus" (square). The most widespread explanation is that "quad" is derived from the word "kott", which in Old High German meant "bad"; "-Rath", "-rade" or "-rode" meant a piece of cleared earth. Because the place is in the Erft lowlands , so the ground was partly swampy, the place name originally meant "bad cleared earth". This interpretation is also supported by the fact that the place name means “Kotteroth” in the local dialect. But the thesis is also put forward that the name is of Latin origin, namely derived from the term “ad quartum decimum” for the 14th milestone on the Roman military road from Cologne to Aachen, which led through the town.

Historical development

Quadrath and Ichendorf were first mentioned in the 11th century . The villages belonged to the county since around 1000 and to the Duchy of Jülich since 1356 . The border with the Electorate of Cologne ran a few kilometers to the east. The neighboring town of Königsdorf already belonged to the same. The district "Quaetraet" (Quadrath) can be seen for the first time since 1585 on maps by the cartographer and copper engraver Gerhard Mercator . "Ichendorp" (Ichendorf) can be found in the Atlas Maior von Blaeu from 1645 (map "Iuliacensis et Montensis Ducatus"). After the dynasty of Jülich died out after 1609, the place and the entire Duchy of Wittelsbach became an electoral Palatinate property. The brief interlude of the French occupation (since 1794) of the western Rhineland was followed by the annexation to Prussia through the Congress of Vienna (1815) .

The discovery of lignite in the immediate vicinity turned the farming village into an industrial site. The lignite mines supplied a briquette factory, parts of which are still preserved on Bundesstrasse 55 today. With the Martinswerk (formerly manufacturer of blast furnace clay for aluminum production), the first chemical industry plant was established in 1913, which used energy and electricity from the plants of the Rhenish lignite mining area for its special chemical products based on aluminum hydroxide and aluminum oxide . The energy-intensive Ichendorfer Glashütte was founded in 1898/1899. It was a major glass manufacturer that exported all over the world until 1986. In 2002 , the last coal was mined in the Bergheim open-cast lignite mine , which was located directly on the northeastern border. At the same time as mining began in 1991, the backfilling and recultivation of the open pit mine began. Ten years later, both measures were completed.

On January 1, 1975, the previously independent community Quadrath-Ichendorf in the Bergheim (Erft) district was incorporated into the district town of Bergheim.




St. Laurence
View of the Petrikirche from the southwest

The Catholic Church has a parish in both districts : St. Laurentius and Heilig Kreuz. The Protestant Petri Church is on the border between Quadrath and Ichendorf. In addition, Quadrath-Ichendorf also has a mosque in the form of a converted festival or dance hall, built around 1900-1910, and a cemetery.

The evangelical parish of Quadrath-Ichendorf uses the Petrikirche, consecrated in 1969, as a church building. It was planned and built between 1968 and 1969 by the Bedburg architect Karl Sander , the design for the glazing comes from the Cologne artist Rudolf Alfons Scholl, and the organ was built and installed by Willi Peter from Cologne.

Education and Social

In Quadrath-Ichendorf there is a municipal comprehensive school , two elementary schools and several kindergartens . There is a youth center for young people near the swimming pool . The proportion of foreigners is 15.6 percent.


The Ichendorfer Glasmuseum association commemorates the formerly important production of the Ichendorfer Glashütte

There is also a zoo near the primary school of the same name, which has been maintained for a number of years by the Friends' Association Tierpark Quadrath-Ichendorf eV.


The Oleanderbad outdoor swimming pool is located in the village , and there is also a sports field, tennis facility and several sports halls. Nationally known sports clubs are the cycling club Staubwolke and the judo club JC Achilles . In the 1. FC Quadrath-Ichendorf you can practice many other sports like gymnastics, swimming, fencing etc. in addition to football.

Elderly care

Quadrath-Ichendorf has a retirement home as well as numerous apartments built to meet the needs of pensioners. The Ichendorf parish of Heilig-Kreuz offers a weekly senior afternoon with church service and coffee. Furthermore, the AWO local association Quadrath-Ichendorf regularly organizes a meeting of pensioners in the after-work room.


After the lignite industry was phased out, the Martinswerk was still the main industry.


Due to the expansion of the place there are several business centers where the things of the daily need can be bought. Particularly noteworthy are the Quadra-Park, which has been expanded into a shopping center with many shops, as well as two discounters that operate branches in Quadrath-Ichendorf. The place also has two drugstores, which are also frequented by non-residents because of their good location. There are also many smaller and larger specialist shops on Cologne-Aachener-Strasse.


The B 55 , today L 361 , runs through the village. The access to the A 61 (Bergheim-Süd) is in the immediate vicinity.

The town has been connected to the rail network since 1896 by the Erftbahn . There is a well-developed public transport system. From the Quadrath-Ichendorf train station , the Erftbahn runs regularly and without changing trains directly to Cologne and Düsseldorf. In addition, the Rhein-Erft-Verkehrsgesellschaft operates several bus routes here.


Sons and daughters of the place

  • Horst Bonacker (* 1937) is a former German football referee.
  • Joseph Fischer SJ , born March 19, 1858 in Quadrath, † October 26, 1944 in Wolfegg, was a geographer and geographic historian and an outstanding expert on the history of European cartography.
  • Richard Kasper , born February 7, 1932 in Quadrath, † November 25, 2019 in Kothingeichendorf, politician (SPD)
  • Peter Roleff , dancer, ballet master and dance teacher, was born in 1906 in Quadrath-Ichendorf. He died in Neubeuer / Upper Bavaria in 1994 . Roleff had engagements at the Städtische Oper Berlin, Augsburg, Duisburg, Bonn and Wiesbaden. He also appeared in the films The Congress Dances , Clothes Make the Man and The Mail Goes With You . In 1960 his ballet Diana Sorpresa (music by Harald Banter ) was broadcast on German television .
  • Paul Roleff, born on April 15, 1873 in Quadrath-Ichendorf, photographer, builder of Haus Roleff (1905), left behind a large archive, the glass negatives were e.g. Partly destroyed, part of it is in the archives of the city of Bergheim, another part is in private hands. Paul Roleff's postcards are still traded today and can be recognized by their signature “PR” in a square.

Connected to square


In the comedy Manta - The Film , the music group “Dilettanten” sings about the experiences of a young Manta driver from Quadrath at the entrance of various Cologne discos in their song “ Abflug”.

Web links

Commons : Quadrath-Ichendorf  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. https://www.bergheim.de/statistik.aspx
  2. a b Local historians: Romans gave Quadrath its name | Cologne city indicator
  3. Open day on October 7th, 2018 - bergheimatmuseums website! (see: History game Jan and Griet Bergheim 2017)
  4. Martinswerk ( Memento from March 15, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 300 .
  6. www.ichendorfer-glasmuseum.de
  7. Förderverein Tierpark Quadrath-Ichendorf eV ( Memento of the original from August 14, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.unsertierpark.de