Opel Manta

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Opel Manta
Production period: 1970-1988
Class : Middle class
Body versions : Coupé , station wagon coupé
Successor: Opel Calibra

The Opel Manta is a five-seater car made by Adam Opel AG . Some versions only have four seats, for example Manta B GT / E. The first Manta (Manta A) came on the market in September 1970. The car is the coupé version of the Opel Ascona A sedan presented two months later with the same platform . With this coupé with a water-cooled four-cylinder front engine and rear-wheel drive, Opel competed with the Ford Capri, which had been built since the end of 1968 .

The Manta A was initially offered with three different CIH engines : two 1.6-l variants with 68 PS (50 kW) and 80 PS (59 kW) as well as the 1.9-l version with 90, taken over from the Rekord C. PS (66 kW). In 1972 a 1.2-liter engine with overhead valves was added from the Kadett with 60 hp (44 kW).

When the last Manta B rolled off the production line in August 1988, its technology with the rigid axle ( central articulated axle ) from the Kadett B from 1967 and the CIH engines produced since 1965 was obsolete, although in the last few years it had been equipped with an uncontrolled catalytic converter and 5 -Gear transmission was equipped. The Manta was a success for Opel: a total of 1,056,436 cars were built from both model series.

Model history

At the end of the 1960s, Opel developed a competing model for the Ford Capri introduced at the end of 1968 under the working title “Project 1450” . This resulted in the Manta Coupé presented in Timmendorfer Strand in September 1970 , the limousine version of which Ascona was presented two months later in Turin (Italy) in November 1970.

The origin and the name Manta

The ray emblem on the front fender of a Manta A.

Ford began the era of the " pony cars " with the Ford Mustang in the USA : These are coupés or convertibles based on a (by American standards) compact and light mid-range vehicle that was equipped with a relatively powerful engine and therefore corresponding performance (especially Acceleration values).

The compact and elegant Mustang on the platform of the Falcon was very successful after its introduction in the USA in spring 1964. Ford wanted to repeat this success in Europe and developed a coupé based on the British Ford Cortina with the name Capri , which also sold well from the beginning of 1969. However, the motorization was by no means lavish here, it was more the external shape that made the success.

Ford competitor General Motors did not stand idly by the success of the Mustang and Capri , and so the Chevrolet Camaro, presented in autumn 1966, was conceived as an answer to the Ford Mustang, while Opel's Manta was aimed at the Capri.

In autumn 1962, a model which has been Chevrolet Corvette named Stingray ( Stingray ) provided. Accordingly, the manta ray presumably gave its name to the Opel Manta . In fact, the designer George Gallion commissioned with this in-house project “long nose coupé” was inspired by video recordings and photos that Jacques Cousteau had made of a manta ray in the Red Sea.

As the video recordings made by Cousteau made clear, the animals were very fast with their bird-like movement in the water and the flapping of their wings appeared powerful and harmonious. The name philosophy was therefore also reflected in the Opel press release: “Finally his name came up: Manta - the winged ray. The characteristics of this marine animal were seen as an illustration of the role of this Opel model in the automotive market. You expect a lot from the Manta, the automobile, as always when Germany's second largest automobile manufacturer presents a new car! "

And this naming philosophy could be read again and again in the brochures. Therefore, many manta rays got a little manta emblem on the front fenders. With the choice of a name and extensive advertising work, Opel had done popular education at the same time: the rays had become popular.

target group

Right from the start, Opel advertising tried to stylize the Manta, which is technically very similar to the Ascona sedan, into a sporty man's car.

The shape with the low belt line, a long bonnet and short tail gave the Manta a sporty look. The car thus followed the trend towards the end of the 1960s:

  • Sporty vehicles with higher performance and corresponding driving behavior.
  • Cars with greater comfort for the driver and passenger.
  • Individual shape that stood out from other vehicles.

Renault and Fiat in particular had sporty models on offer before, but the Abarth or Gordini versions for the mass market had no independent bodies, only more powerful engines: only with the Renault Floride, the Fiat 850 Coupé and the Simca 1200 S Coupé Independent bodies were also offered, a path that Ford followed with the Capri and Opel with the Manta. Initially, the Manta was presented in advertisements with the slogan “Manta - developed from the European automotive tradition”. Later with: “Opel Manta. Because you know something about driving, or because you know something about driving ”and“ Opel Manta. If ordinary cars are too boring for you. "

The target group consisted primarily of young people. With the initially three engines, Opel offered an alternative to the traditionally designed models such as the Rekord or the Ascona .

The rather weak engines (especially the  car with the 44 kW (60 hp) 1.2 liter engine of the Kadett B , which was offered from 1972 for 8,528 DM - which today would correspond to 13,857 EUR - could not keep up with the sporty appearance . Various tuners tried to change this by installing six-cylinder engines from the larger Opel models or with turbochargers. Only the Manta GT / E with 77 kW (105 PS), which was offered from spring 1974, was well motorized in the eyes of some car testers.

Manta A (1970-1975)

Manta A
Opel Manta A (1970-1975)

Opel Manta A (1970-1975)

Production period: 1970-1975
Body versions : Coupe
Petrol engines : 1.2–1.9 liters
(44–77 kW)
Length: 4340 mm
Width: 1630 mm
Height: 1360 mm
Wheelbase : 2430 mm
Empty weight : 950-970 kg

The Manta A had a self-supporting steel body with a flexible rear and front section. From September 1970 the versions Manta, Manta L and Manta SR were available.

The front wheels were individually suspended on wishbones of unequal length with coil springs, telescopic shock absorbers and torsion bar stabilizers .

The rear axle was a rigid drawbar axle with coil springs , trailing arms and Panhard rods like the Kadett B from 1967. It was also referred to by Opel as the central pivot axle . The rear part of the cardan shaft from the cardan joint was guided in a longitudinally moveable support tube that was rigidly connected to the housing of the differential gear.

In the Manta A, a fully synchronized four-speed gearbox with a short gear stick was installed on the center console, which was advertised as a sports gearshift.

The Opel Manta was delivered in all versions as a five-seater sports coupé. The elongated, front-hinged bonnet and the rear section with four round taillights, the wide doors with frameless windows and the black grille with four round headlights were particularly striking. While the Manta and Manta L were still delivered with hubcaps, the Manta SR had steel sports bikes with no hubcaps as standard. The occupants of the Manta sat in a safety cell with a shock-absorbing safety steering column. The seats were strong and comfortable. A vinyl roof was available for a surcharge, but this promoted corrosion as moisture collected under the glued PVC film.

From January 1, 1976, the gasoline lead law required fuel with a lower lead content. Opel then adapted its engines to the legal requirements. The performance of the 1.6-liter N was reduced from 50 kW (68 PS) to 44 kW (60 PS), and the 1.6-liter S from 59 kW (80 PS) to 55 kW (75 PS) , and the 1.9-liter engine had only 65 kW (88 hp) instead of 66 kW (90 hp). The 1.2-liter engine with 44 kW (60 hp) remained unchanged. From June 1975, however, the output of the 1.9 liter engine with the Zenith INAT 35/40 downdraft register carburetor was increased again to 66 kW (90 hp). A total of 498,553 pieces of the Manta A were produced. The cheapest Manta cost around 8,300 DM.

Manta L

In the Manta L, the L stood for luxury. The L equipment includes chrome-plated fittings, glove box, engine compartment and trunk lights, pivoting windows for the passengers on the rear seat bench, wheel trim rings, an electric clock, various dashboard lights, ashtrays, cigarette lighter, safety interior mirrors, chrome-plated tailpipes and more.

The engine selection included the above with manual and automatic transmission (for the 1.2-liter S engine there was only the manual transmission).

Manta SR

The Manta SR was the rally version of the Manta L for sporty customers. It differs from the other versions in that it has different rims, a matt black bonnet and black side stripes (rally stripes). The instrumentation includes a tachometer and an additional console with clock, ammeter and oil pressure gauge; The SR's passenger sun visor does not have a make-up mirror. The SR was only offered with 80 HP and 90 HP engines; in the latter, a change in the overall ratio leads to improved acceleration values ​​and increased mountaineering ability; the automatic transmission was not offered for the SR equipment.

Manta GT / E

In March 1974 the Manta GT / E supplemented the model series. Thanks to electronically controlled intake manifold injection (Bosch L-Jetronic ), its 1.9-liter engine developed 77 kW (105 hp), which gave the GT / E a top speed of 188 km / h (according to factory specifications). Compared to the Manta SR, the GT / E has wider black side stripes, black window frames that cannot be seen in the photo below, special GT / E logos, a front spoiler and a slightly lowered body. Because it took only one year to build, only 5252 units of the GT / E were sold - for DM 12,500 (converted to EUR 17,741 today) - the last copies rolled off the assembly line as Manta Black Magic with black paintwork and yellow / red stripes on the front spoiler and side line.

The Manta A in the USA

From October 1970 to July 1975 Ascona and Manta were sold under the name “Opel 1900” and “Opel 1900 Sport Coupé” (model years 1971/72), from model year 1973 “Opel Manta” also in the USA. On offer were the basic model called Sport Coupe, the rally as a sporty variant and, from autumn 1973, the luxury with more equipment, cord fabric covers and four-spoke steel sports wheels. All models were powered by Opel's 1.9-liter four-cylinder engine which, with a compression ratio of 7.6: 1, produced 76 DIN HP (56 kW); for model year 1975 it received a Bosch injection and thus came to 82 DIN PS (60 kW). Around 170,000 of the 1900 series (Ascona and Manta) were sold in the USA.

Special Manta A

A performance-enhanced model with the model name TE2800 was produced by the Belgian company Transeurope Engineering, which filed for bankruptcy in 1975, in an edition of 79 pieces by installing the 2.8-liter engine of the Commodore in the Manta. The engine developed a maximum of 105 kW (143 hp) and the vehicle reached a top speed of almost 200 km / h. The price was just under 20,000 DM. The TE was sold through the Irmscher company.

The English dealer Opel Team (DOT) developed the DOT Turbo-Manta, which was presented in 1974. Only 28 copies were built because the manufacturer of the turbocharger filed for bankruptcy. About seven have been preserved.

Opel itself tested a turbo version of the 1.9-liter unit based on the low-lead engine of the US Manta with 78 hp and built around 10 for test purposes. But the unsatisfactory response and the abrupt use of the turbocharger (especially dangerous in corners, as the light Manta broke out quickly) meant the end of the Turbo Manta. No street-legal Turbo Manta is known.

Technical specifications

Manta B (1975–1988)

Manta B
Opel Manta CC (1978–1982)

Opel Manta CC (1978–1982)

Production period: 1975-1988
Body versions : Coupé , station wagon coupé
Otto engines : 1.2–2.4 liters
(40–106 kW)
Length: 4450 mm
Width: 1670-1700 mm
Height: 1330 mm
Wheelbase : 2520 mm
Empty weight : 1000-1065 kg

After the factory holidays in August 1975, the Manta B was ready.

Like its predecessor, it was again the coupé variant of the Opel Ascona B presented at the same time and was technically largely the same as it. Both models were based on the floor pan of their predecessors, the GM-H platform, which was redesigned for this generation of vehicles.

The Manta B had a longer wheelbase and a more stretched shape, large rectangular headlights and a roll bar integrated into the body. First there were the versions Manta, Manta L, Manta Berlinetta, Manta SR and Manta GT / E. The engines ranged from 40 kW (55 PS) in the 1.2 N to 77 kW (105 PS) in the 1.9 E of the GT / E. External features of the GT / E were again the standard front spoiler, the matt black painted bonnet and black window frames. It had a sporty chassis with gas pressure shock absorbers. There was a sports steering wheel and additional instruments. On the Manta SR, only the middle area of ​​the bonnet was painted black.

The sales launch advertising campaign turned out to be an embarrassing flop. Opel had adverts with texts such as “I dreamed I had stolen the Grand Prix from the champion in the new Opel Manta” or “I dreamed I had driven through Monaco with Caroline in the new Opel Manta” . As a result, when numerous potential customers wrote to Opel that they would not buy the Manta because of this advertising, because they were afraid of making a fool of themselves with this car, the advertising was stopped immediately.

For the 1978 model year, the 1.9 S and 1.9 E motors were replaced by motors with a displacement of 2.0 liters. These engines were also available in the Ascona and Rekord, the injection engine also in the Kadett C Coupé. The output ranged from 66 kW (90 PS) in the 2.0 N to 74 kW (100 PS) in the 2.0 S up to 81 kW (110 PS) in the 2.0 E. The latter was the until the end of production of the Manta B. by far the most ordered engine and delighted the testers when it appeared with performance that approached or exceeded the nominally much more powerful Capri 2.3 S. The new engines had hydraulic valve lifters , which made it unnecessary to adjust the valve clearance.

In October 1978 the Manta CC (Combi-Coupé) was added with a large tailgate like the one on the Opel Monza . It was available in the same equipment and with the same engines as the notchback Manta. The CC was each 450 DM more expensive than the corresponding notchback variant.

Opel Manta B and Ascona B
Opel Manta B (1975–1982)
Rear of the Manta CC

In April 1979, the new engines with overhead camshafts found their way into the Manta series . Opel developed these engines for the Opel Kadett D presented in 1979 . The characteristic of the new generation of engines were cross-flow cylinder heads made of light metal with an overhead camshaft, the engine block was still made of gray cast iron. The Manta initially offered a 1.3-liter engine with 44 kW (60 PS) and 55 kW (75 PS). The 1.6 N, 1.9 N and 2.0 N motors with 66 kW (90 PS) also remained in the range. The 2.0 S and 2.0 E. The new base model was now the Manta GT-J. Outwardly, it largely corresponded to the GT / E, it also had a standard front spoiler, black window frames and could optionally be ordered with a matt black bonnet. In the interior there was a sports steering wheel as well as an additional rev counter, oil pressure meter and voltmeter. The GT-J also had a sporty chassis, but without the gas pressure shock absorbers of the GT / E. The GT-J was recognizable by the corresponding lettering and characteristic side stripes. It was available with a choice of the 1.3 S (55 kW, 75 PS) or the 2.0 S engine (74 kW, 100 PS).

The spring of 1980 brought a little facelift. Externally, the new models differed from their predecessors with chrome-plated bumpers in that they were black, plastic-coated bumpers. The Manta 2.0 S SR with 74 kW (100 PS) was given a matt black paintwork on the rear panel, which extended between and around the rear lights. The engine with manifold injection was not only available in the Manta GT / E, but also in the civilian versions (Manta E).

For the model year 1981 the engine range offered for the Manta was very extensive: 1.3 N OHC (60 PS), 1.3 S OHC (75 PS), 1.6 N (60 PS), 1.9 N (75 PS) , 2.0 N (90 PS), 2.0 S (100 PS) and 2.0 E (110 PS). But from May 1981 the Manta was only available with a 1.3 S, 2.0 S or 2.0 E motor. The cheapest model was the GT-J 1.3 S with 75 hp (DM 14,845), the most expensive model was the Manta CC Berlinetta 2.0 E with 110 hp (DM 18,423).

Opel Manta 400
Opel Manta 400 rally wide-body version

The Manta 400 was presented at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1981. It was the successor to the successful Ascona 400 rally vehicle, with which Walter Röhrl became driver world champion in 1982. The Manta 400 was actually a pure competition vehicle, but because of the motorsport regulations of the then Group B, at least 200 vehicles had to be produced. The Manta 400 was powered by a 2.4-liter engine with a light alloy cylinder head, four valves per cylinder and two overhead camshafts. The 960 kg rally car had an output of 106 kW (144 hp) as standard, but it could also be up to 200 kW (272 hp) depending on the expansion stage. Disc brakes on all wheels (internally ventilated at the front) and a limited slip differential were included. 245 copies of the Manta 400 were built by 1984. The buyer could choose between the so-called narrow body or the rally wide-body version with wider GRP fenders at the front and fender flares also made from GRP on the rear wheel arches. It also had wider tires: tires up to 285 mm wide on the rear axle on 15-inch Ronal wheels, and 225 mm wide tires on the front axle. These tires and also the flared fenders made the vehicle appear brawny. In addition, a prototype of the Manta 400 was built on the basis of the CC, which looked similar to the Irmscher i2800 and had the complete technology of the Manta 400.


Opel Manta GT / E (1982–1984)
Logo of the Manta GT / E
Opel Manta CC GSi

In May 1982 the new Manta was at the dealerships. Behind it was only a facelift, with elements of the rally version of the Manta 400. There were now four cooling air openings instead of two. The front and rear bumper were made of plastic and painted in the same color as the car. The taillight housings were now black, no longer reddish brown.

With the GT / E, plastic side sills and a painted rear spoiler were added. The days of black bonnets and rally stripes were over, chrome parts were now in vain on the new models. There were also wheels in a new design and a slightly redesigned interior. Recaro sports seats had been standard on the GT / E since the spring of 1981 .

Manta and Manta CC could in versions GT / J , Berlinetta and GT / E are ordered. The following engines were available: 1.3 S OHC (75 PS), a new 1.8 S-OHC engine (90 PS), 2.0 S (100 PS) and 2.0 E (110 PS). The cheapest Manta was now the GT / J with 75 HP (16,145 DM), the most exclusive model of the Manta CC Berlinetta with 110 HP (20,295 DM).

From autumn 1982 a five-speed gearbox was available, which was standard in the GT / E. The 2.0 electric motor was henceforth equipped with the Bosch LE-Jetronic, electronic ignition and overrun fuel cutoff. From autumn 1983 only the Manta GT and the Manta GT / E were available . The Manta GT replaced the previous GT / J and was now the entry-level model. The 2.0 S engine was omitted.

In the autumn of 1984 the name of the Manta GT / E was changed to Manta GSi, as before with the Kadett GSi . The Manta GT was still on offer, the engine range remained unchanged. The cheapest offer was the Manta GT 1,3 S with 75 HP (18,155 DM), at the upper end of the offer was the Manta CC GSI (22,470 DM).

From April 1985 the Manta GSi Exclusiv was available, which was not available as a CC. This special model, refined by Irmscher, had round double headlights, special upholstery fabrics in the interior and a three-spoke leather steering wheel. Initially, only the paint finishes Monaco blue or Dakar gold were available. The light alloy wheels had a special color scheme (anthracite with silver edge) and a three-part painted rear spoiler was standard. There was a black panel between the taillights and the license plate was on the rear bumper. A rear apron was available at an additional cost.

In the summer of 1985 new upholstery fabrics were introduced, otherwise there were no changes.

From autumn 1986 the 1.3 S engine was discontinued. Now only the Manta GT 1.8 S with 90 hp and the Manta GSi with 110 hp were available. The cheapest Manta was the GT 1.8 S (20,725 DM), the noblest Manta was the GSi Exclusiv (24,550 DM).

From the summer of 1987 onwards it was only possible to order the Manta GSI with 81 kW (110 PS), still as a CC. Only the special model Exclusiv was still available as a further equipment variant. The 2.0 electric motor was also available with an uncontrolled catalytic converter (Euronorm E1); it then developed 107 hp.

The i models

In the meantime, a few other special models were on offer, all of which were refined by the Irmscher company and some of them were also available from Opel dealers. For example the Manta i200 , which was available in white or astral silver paintwork with blue-red side stripes (Rothmans decor) and a large rear wing . According to Irmscher, 3074 copies were built. It was equipped with a slightly tuned 2.0 e-motor that developed 92 kW (125 hp).

There were also exotic Irmscher special models, such as the Manta i240 with a 2.4-liter engine, of which just under 600 vehicles were made. The Manta i300 with the 3.0-liter six-cylinder from the Senator / Monza, of which only 27 were made, is particularly rare .

In August 1988, production of the Manta was finally stopped after a total of 1,056,436 copies. With 13 years of production, the Manta B was the longest-running Opel model to date.

The successor was the Opel Calibra , which was presented at the IAA in 1989 and sold from June 1990, based on the Vectra A mid-range sedan .

Technical specifications

Cult vehicle and clichés

Opel Manta B from the movie Manta, Manta
Opel Manta B with Mattig wide body
tuned Opel Manta B

Particularly the Manta B was in the 1980s and 1990s, the cult object of tuning friends and also the Manta driver clichéd the epitome or even synonymous with a tuning -Liebhabers.

Cinematically, Manta and its drivers were set with Manta, Manta and Manta - The Film Monuments, often with a rather ironic and derogatory character. An original copy was shown from March 2017 to January 2018 in a special exhibition in the Haus der Geschichte in Bonn .

Songs - for example Manta by Norbert & die Feiglinge - and countless Manta jokes were created about the Manta driver as one of the most widespread and highly stylized stereotypes for this kind of cheek . Foxtail on the antenna, six-pack in the back seat and blonde , hairdresser by profession , in the passenger seat were part of the cliché. The Manta driver spoke Ruhrpott slang , had (had) a low level of education, macho behavior, wore cowboy boots , kept his elbow out of the window in all weathers and had many other characteristics that others considered embarrassing. The interjections Boah and ey were the most frequently used terms from his vocabulary.

In motor sports , a Manta B achieved cult status, which since April 23, 1994 regularly in the 24 Hours Nürburgring participates. It is a vehicle built in 1981, which, thanks to parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic, weighs 930 kg empty and, by increasing the displacement from 1.8 to 2 liters and further engine tuning, produces around 165 kW (225 hp). Another feature of the car, which is piloted by owner Hans-Olaf Beckmann and former DTM driver Volker Strycek , among others , is the foxtail on the roof antenna.

The popularity of the Opel Manta was increased among a younger generation between 2007 and 2012 through its use in the films and TV episodes of the Dutch comedy troupe New Kids .

In recent years, the presence of the manta in the German tuning scene has declined sharply. Vehicles in good condition, especially GT / E, are fetching ever higher prices. Thanks to their H approval in particular , they have become popular collector's items.

April 13, 2017, the announced Federal Ministry of Finance in Germany, a special issue of the stamp series classic German cars from a nominal value of 0.90 euros, on the Opel Manta A is displayed.

Existence in Germany

The stock of Opel Manta in Germany is listed as of January 1st (until 2000: July 1st) of selected years according to the Federal Motor Transport Authority . Before March 1, 2007, the vehicle inventory contained the number of vehicles registered as well as the number of temporary shutdowns. Since March 1, 2007, the vehicle stock has only included flowing traffic, including the seasonal license plates.

Deadline number
July 1, 1992 122.141
Jan. 1, 2005 min. 6,932 1
Jan. 1, 2008 3,942
Jan. 1, 2009 3,889 2
Jan. 1, 2010 3,871
Jan. 1, 2011 3,836
Jan. 1, 2013 3,787
Jan. 1, 2015 3,749
1 6,932 Opel Manta that were already registered in Germany on July 1, 1992 or were temporarily shut down were still registered in Germany on January 1, 2005 or were temporarily shut down.
2 including 1,072 Opel Manta A

According to the final report of the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control , 18 Opel Manta models were scrapped between January 27, 2009 and July 31, 2010 in favor of the environmental bonus .


  • Norbert Giesen: The big Opel Manta book . Heel, Königswinter 1993, ISBN 3-89365-353-8 .
  • Alexander Franc Storz: Typenkompass Opel - Passenger Cars from 1945. Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-613-02930-9 .
  • Eckhart Bartels, Rainer Manthey: The Opel Manta book , illustrated book. Podszun, Brilon 1990, 2nd, revised edition 2001, ISBN 3-86133-243-4 .
  • Gert Hack: This is how it gets faster. Volume 3: Opel Ascona, Manta, Kadett, GT . Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 1972. ISBN 3-87943-235-X .
  • Rainer Manthey: Opel Manta and Ascona 1970 - 1975 , Schrader Verlag, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-613-87163-7 .
  • Mike Covell: Standard Catalog of Imported Cars 1946-2002 . Krause Publications, Iola 2006, ISBN 0-87341-605-8 , p. 620 f.
  • Johnny Leyla: Opel Manta - Das Coult-Coupe , KOMET Verlag GmbH, Cologne, ISBN 978-3-89836-894-0 .

Web links

Commons : Opel Manta  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual references and comments

  1. a b Bernd Tuchen: Opel the reliable one. Three decades of Opel advertising. Heel Verlag GmbH, Königswinter 2005, ISBN 3-89880-426-7 .
  2. 40 years of the Opel Manta B , Hessenschau 2011
  3. ^ Manta-A website. Retrieved September 17, 2016 .
  4. Igniting Manta Hymn. In: Der Spiegel , edition 32/1990.
  5. Manta cult box
  6. Opel Manta A, postage stamp for € 0.90, sheets of 10. In: deutschepost.de. Retrieved March 1, 2018 .
  7. Press release No. 4/2008. The vehicle inventory on January 1, 2008. (PDF; 120 kB) (No longer available online.) Federal Motor Transport Authority, archived from the original on October 16, 2013 ; Retrieved November 17, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  8. a b Annual Report 2004. (PDF; 2.5 MB) (No longer available online.) Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt, p. 30 , archived from the original on March 26, 2014 ; Retrieved November 17, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  9. a b c Annual Report 2009. (PDF; 2.1 MB) (No longer available online.) Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt, p. 22 , archived from the original on October 29, 2013 ; Retrieved November 17, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  10. Less and less Trabis. (PDF; 123 kB) (No longer available online.) Federal Motor Transport Authority, archived from the original on October 29, 2013 ; Retrieved November 17, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  11. Every 100th passenger car is a classic car. (PDF; 137 kB) (No longer available online.) Federal Motor Transport Authority, archived from the original on October 16, 2013 ; Retrieved November 17, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  12. Over three million classic cars. (PDF; 137 kB) (No longer available online.) Federal Motor Transport Authority, archived from the original on February 9, 2016 ; accessed on February 9, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  13. Vehicle age - youngtimers - oldtimers. (No longer available online.) Federal Motor Transport Authority, archived from the original on January 1, 2014 ; Retrieved November 17, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kba.de
  14. Final report - environmental bonus. (PDF; 1.6 MB) Federal Office for Economics and Export Control and Federal Motor Transport Authority, November 1, 2010, accessed on November 17, 2013 .