1st Cavalry Division (Reichswehr)
1st Cavalry Division
|active||1921 to 1934|
|Armed forces||Imperial Army|
|Branch of service||cavalry|
The 1st Cavalry Division was a large division of the Reichswehr whose staff was stationed in Frankfurt (Oder) .
Due to the conditions of the Peace Treaty of Versailles , three pure cavalry divisions, each with six cavalry regiments, were reorganized in the Reichswehr. The cavalry was armed with carbine 98 b and light machine guns. The Army decided in 1934 the dissolution of the existing three cavalry divisions. The 1st Cavalry Division became the forerunner of the 24th Panzer Division . The 1st Cavalry Brigade emerged from the 1st and 2nd Cavalry Regiments in East Prussia, which was enlarged to become the 1st Cavalry Division again during World War II .
The division was under group command 1 in Berlin . The division headquarters was stationed in Frankfurt (Oder) . The subordinate organizations were in the province of Brandenburg , the Pomerania and East Prussia deployed and included the following newly established Rider regiments :
- 1st (Prussian) cavalry regiment in Tilsit (staff, 1st and 4th squadron , training) and Insterburg (2nd, 3rd)
- 2nd (Prussian) cavalry regiment in Osterode / East Prussia (staff, 2nd, 4th, 6th) and Allenstein (1st, 3rd, training)
- 3rd (Prussian) cavalry regiment in Rathenow (staff, 2nd, training) and Stendal (1st, 3rd, 4th)
- 4th (Prussian) cavalry regiment in Potsdam (staff, 1st, 3rd, training) and Perleberg (2nd, 4th)
- 5th (Prussian) cavalry regiment in Stolp (staff, 3rd, 4th, training) and Belgard (1st, 2nd)
- 6th (Prussian) cavalry regiment in Pasewalk (staff, 1st, training), Schwedt (2nd, 4th) and Demmin (3rd, 6th)
|Major General / Lieutenant General||Rudolf von Horn||May 1, 1920 to June 1, 1921|
|Lieutenant General||Otto Freiherr von Tettau||June 1, 1921 to April 1, 1923|
|Major General / Lieutenant General / General of the Cavalry||Walther von Jagow||April 1, 1923 to May 1, 1927|
|Lieutenant General||Ulrich von Henning on Schönhoff||May 1, 1927 to February 1, 1929|
|Lieutenant General||Georg Brandt||February 1, 1929 to December 1, 1929|
|Major General / Lieutenant General||Fedor von Bock||December 1, 1929 to October 1, 1931|
|Major General / Lieutenant General||Werner Freiherr von Fritsch||October 1, 1931 to October 1, 1932|
|Major General / Lieutenant General||Ludwig Beck||October 1, 1932 to October 1, 1933|
|Lieutenant General||Hans Feige||October 1, 1933 to April 1, 1935|
- ↑ 18 cavalry regiments were allowed compared to only 21 infantry and 7 artillery regiments
- ↑ cf. Klaus C. Richter: On the history of the German cavalry. In: Cord Schwier (Ed.): "... and the scouts are always there ...". 2nd Edition. Vrage, Munster 2005, ISBN 3-00-013145-0 , p. 49.
- ↑ See Veit Scherzer (Ed.): German troops in the Second World War. Volume 2, Scherzers Militaer-Verl., Ranis / Jena 2007, ISBN 978-3-938845-08-0 ; P. 141 and 146.
- ^ Ferdinand Maria Senger and Etterlin: The 24th Panzer Division formerly 1st Cavalry Division 1939-1945. Verlag Kurt Vowinckel, 1962, p. 15.
- ↑ Dermot Bradley (ed.), Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Army 1815-1939. Volume 1: The higher command posts 1815–1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1990, ISBN 3-7648-1780-1 , p. 837.