1st Cavalry Division (Reichswehr)

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1st Cavalry Division

The Imperial War Flag of the Weimar Republic with the Iron Cross, 1921–1933
active 1921 to 1934
Country German Empire
Armed forces Reichswehr
Armed forces Imperial Army
Branch of service cavalry
Type Cavalry Division
structure See outline
Location See garrisons
Commanders See commander

The 1st Cavalry Division was a large division of the Reichswehr whose staff was stationed in Frankfurt (Oder) .


Due to the conditions of the Peace Treaty of Versailles , three pure cavalry divisions, each with six cavalry regiments, were reorganized in the Reichswehr. The cavalry was armed with carbine 98 b and light machine guns. The Army decided in 1934 the dissolution of the existing three cavalry divisions. The 1st Cavalry Division became the forerunner of the 24th Panzer Division . The 1st Cavalry Brigade emerged from the 1st and 2nd Cavalry Regiments in East Prussia, which was enlarged to become the 1st Cavalry Division again during World War II .


The division was under group command 1 in Berlin . The division headquarters was stationed in Frankfurt (Oder) . The subordinate organizations were in the province of Brandenburg , the Pomerania and East Prussia deployed and included the following newly established Rider regiments :


Rank Surname date
Major General / Lieutenant General Rudolf von Horn May 1, 1920 to June 1, 1921
Lieutenant General Otto Freiherr von Tettau June 1, 1921 to April 1, 1923
Major General / Lieutenant General / General of the Cavalry Walther von Jagow April 1, 1923 to May 1, 1927
Lieutenant General Ulrich von Henning on Schönhoff May 1, 1927 to February 1, 1929
Lieutenant General Georg Brandt February 1, 1929 to December 1, 1929
Major General / Lieutenant General Fedor von Bock December 1, 1929 to October 1, 1931
Major General / Lieutenant General Werner Freiherr von Fritsch October 1, 1931 to October 1, 1932
Major General / Lieutenant General Ludwig Beck October 1, 1932 to October 1, 1933
Lieutenant General Hans Feige October 1, 1933 to April 1, 1935

Individual evidence

  1. 18 cavalry regiments were allowed compared to only 21 infantry and 7 artillery regiments
  2. cf. Klaus C. Richter: On the history of the German cavalry. In: Cord Schwier (Ed.): "... and the scouts are always there ...". 2nd Edition. Vrage, Munster 2005, ISBN 3-00-013145-0 , p. 49.
  3. See Veit Scherzer (Ed.): German troops in the Second World War. Volume 2, Scherzers Militaer-Verl., Ranis / Jena 2007, ISBN 978-3-938845-08-0 ; P. 141 and 146.
  4. ^ Ferdinand Maria Senger and Etterlin: The 24th Panzer Division formerly 1st Cavalry Division 1939-1945. Verlag Kurt Vowinckel, 1962, p. 15.
  5. Dermot Bradley (ed.), Günter Wegner: Occupation of the German Army 1815-1939. Volume 1: The higher command posts 1815–1939. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1990, ISBN 3-7648-1780-1 , p. 837.