Constantius II has
Constantius Gallus executed.
Furius Dionysius Filocalus wrote the
chronograph from 354 .
|354 in other calendars|
|Buddhist calendar||897/898 (southern Buddhism); 896/897 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||50th (51st) cycle , year of the wood tiger甲寅 ( at the beginning of the year water buffalo 癸丑)|
|Greek calendar||1./2. Year of the 283rd Olympiad|
|Jewish calendar||4114/15 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Roman calendar||ab urbe condita MCVII (1107); Diocletian Era : 70/71 (New Year November)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 664/665 (turn of the year April); Syria: 665/666 (New Year October)|
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||410/411 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Emperor Constantius II , who has been the sole ruler of the Roman Empire since the death of the usurper Magnentius last year , has to struggle with some problems in 354. In Germania he defeats the Alamanni and concludes a peace treaty with the kings of Breisgau , Gundomad and Vadomar , near Augst . Constantius then takes on the victorious name Alamannicus Maximus . The situation on the Rhine remains unsettled, however, a few months later a new usurper rises up there with Silvanus . There are also conflicts in the religious field. Christological questions heated minds while the argument between Arians and Orthodox continued to smolder.
In the Roman East, the army master Ursicinus was able to keep the Persian Sassanids in check, but there was unrest among the population. Constantius Gallus , who had been entrusted with the administration of the Orient by the emperor three years earlier, himself strives for the dignity of the emperor and tries to win over the masses. Constantius II quotes Gallus to the west. He sent his wife Constantina , Constantius ' sister, to mediate. However, after Constantina died on the journey, Constantius tried Gallus and finally had him executed. Even Julian , the younger brother of Gallus is quoted to the imperial court.
Culture and religion
- The Roman calligrapher Furius Dionysius Filocalus created the chronograph from 354 on behalf of the Christian aristocrat Valentinus .
- December 25th : In the Roman festival directory, the festival on the occasion of the birth of Jesus Christ is mentioned for the first time in the West .
- November 13 : Augustine of Hippo , Doctor of the Church († 430 )
- before 354: Vadomar , Alemannic Gau King († after 373)
- around 354: Arsenius the Great , early Christian. Monk († around 450)
- Constantius Gallus , sub-emperor of Constantius II (* 325 )
- Constantina , Augusta and wife of Gallus (* around 320 )
- Domitianus , Praetorian Prefect
- Montius Magnus , Roman civil servant