Adolf Mosengel

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Adolf Mosengel around 1880

Adolf Konrad Heinrich Mosengel (born January 1, 1837 in Hamburg ; † June 12, 1885 there ) was a German landscape painter and draftsman.


After early lessons with the brothers Johann Martin and Jakob Gensler in Hamburg , Mosengel continued his education in Düsseldorf from 1854 to 1857 , presumably privately with Hans Fredrik Gude , but probably not at the art academy, since his name is not recorded in the student files. In Düsseldorf he belonged in 1856 to the artists' association “Malkasten” , in whose membership list he was listed in 1857 and 1858 as “out of town”. In 1858 and 1859 he stayed in Paris to study. In 1861 he worked in Alexander Calame's studio in Geneva , then settled permanently in Hamburg, where he joined the Hamburg Artists' Association .

In 1870 he met Richard and Cosima Wagner and Friedrich Nietzsche in the hotel "Zum Schweizerischen Alpenclub" in Maderanertal . After the outbreak of the Franco-German war he went to the battlefield of Wörth on the Rhine and to military hospitals in Alsace and in with Nietzsche, whom he addressed in a later letter as “Dearest Friend”, and the physician Hugo von Ziemssen Lorraine , where the wounded were entrusted to them for food and transport back to Germany.

Mosengel worked mainly as a landscape painter and found his motifs in the surroundings of his respective whereabouts. In Düsseldorf, for example, the painting “ Westphalian Landscape ” (1857) was created; Oil paintings, watercolors and drawings with views of many regions of Switzerland, such as " Mill near Geneva " (1861) and " Motif from the Bernese Oberland " (1866), others from Tyrol , Franconia and the Rhine , Nahe, date from his time in Geneva and thereafter and Moselle as well as from northern Germany. Works from the 1870s, which document a significant further development of his artistic conception, refer to stays in Italy or on the northern Italian lakes. His work was represented in exhibitions in Hamburg, but also in Berlin , Bremen , Hanover , Stuttgart and Vienna . The Hamburger Kunstverein honored Mosengel in 1885 with a memorial exhibition.

Selection of works

  • Slope with boulders 1861, oil painting; Mountain lake 1875, village party , haymaking , landscape with pollarded willows , street in Hildesheim , watercolors: Hamburg, Kunsthalle
  • Fishing boats in Desenzano on Lake Garda , 1879, oil / wood, 35.5 × 26 cm (art dealer)
  • Maderaner Thal , oil on panel, 27 × 37 cm; titled and dated 19 / 3.83 (art trade 2009)


  • Friedrich von Boetticher (art historian) : painter works of the 19th century. Contribution to art history II-1. Dresden 1898.
  • Ernst Rump (Hrsg.): Lexicon of the visual artists Hamburg, Altona and the surrounding area . Hamburg 1912.
  • Mosengel, Konrad Heinrich Adolf . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 25 : Moehring – Olivié . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1931.
  • Hans Wolfgang Singer (Ed.): General artist lexicon. Fig. Hang with boulders Life and works of the most famous visual artists , prepared by Hermann Alexander Müller. Vol. III. Literary establishment Rütten & Loening, Frankfurt / Main 1921.
  • Emanuel Bénézit (ed.): Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays , 1956-62. (VI 1976).
  • Hans Paffrath (Ed.): Lexicon of the Düsseldorf School of Painting 1819–1918. Volume 2: Haach – Murtfeldt. Published by the Kunstmuseum Düsseldorf in the Ehrenhof and by the Paffrath Gallery. Bruckmann, Munich 1998, p. 408. ISBN 3-7654-3010-2 . Fig .: Slope with boulders , 1861.

Web links

Commons : Adolf Mosengel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  4. ^ Krell, David Farrell and Donald L.Bates: The Good European: Nietzsche's Work Sites in Word and Image. University of Chicago Press 1979, pp. 74-76. ISBN 978-0-226-45278-4
  5. ^ Julian Young, Julian (2010). Friedrich Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography. Cambridge University Press 2010, p. 135. ISBN 978-0-521-87117-4