Aloys Schäfer

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Aloys Schäfer
Bishop Aloys Schäfer

Aloys Schäfer (born May 2, 1853 in Dingelstädt , Eichsfeld , † September 5, 1914 in Schirgiswalde ) was titular bishop of Abila Lysaniae , as well as apostolic prefect of Upper Lusatia and apostolic vicar in the Saxon hereditary lands (the rest of Saxony, Saxony-Altenburg , Reuss elder and including the younger line ) and thus head of both Catholic jurisdictions in Saxony and dean of the Bautzen cathedral monastery .


Aloys Schäfer was born as the son of a businessman in Eichsfeld, Thuringia, but lived with his parents in Saxony from an early age, first in Chemnitz , where he attended elementary school, then in Dresden . Here he went through the Catholic Progymnasium and then entered the Wendish seminary in Prague . Schäfer completed his humanistic training at the so-called Kleinseiter Gymnasium and finally studied theology at the Prague German University . In Prague he was one of the co-founders of the local Unitas association .

On September 6, 1878, Aloys Schäfer was ordained a priest by Franz Bernert , the Apostolic Vicar of Saxony. He got his first chaplaincy in Plauen in Vogtland . Then he moved to Dresden , where he became a chaplain at the Hofkirche . Through this office he was also responsible for religious instruction at the Catholic Progymnasium and he founded the city's “ Catholic Business Association ” on his own initiative .

Since Schäfer had solved a difficult price question from the University of Würzburg for time calculations in the Old Testament, he was appointed full professor of the Explanation of the Scriptures at the Lyceum in Dillingen in 1881 . After four years of activity, the priest moved to the University of Münster in the same position in 1885 , and from 1895 to the University of Breslau . In 1903 he went to Strasbourg in Alsace to help build the new Catholic theological faculty there. In order to keep the contact with pastoral care alive, Schäfer was also involved as a preacher and confessor, which made him very popular. Pope Leo XIII drew him for his services . with the title of Pontifical House Prelate . Schäfer developed a rich literary work in the field of biblical theology; several of his works have been published until recently. The German-American Bishop Ferdinand Brossart translated some of them into English. Aloys Schäfer was very much appreciated by his episcopal predecessor Georg Wuschanski ; the latter consulted him more often on important theological decisions. Bishop Ferdinand Piontek of Breslau or Görlitz was one of Schäfer's exegetical students at the University of Breslau.

After Wuschanski's death, Pope Pius X appointed Aloys Schäfer on April 4, 1906 as head of the two Catholic jurisdictions in Saxony, the Apostolic Vicariate of the Saxon Hereditary Lands and the Apostolic Prefecture of Meißen, as well as titular bishop of Abila Lysaniae . On May 16, 1906, he was consecrated as a bishop by the Strasbourg bishop Adolf Fritzen . The prelate now also belonged ex officio to the first chamber of the Saxon state parliament .

Aloys Schäfer was friends with the law professor Ulrich Stutz , who was responsible for church law, as well as with Franz Wärme . The latter, a well-known social reformer, received his chair for Christian social sciences at the University of Münster in 1893 at the suggestion of Aloys Schäfer and his colleague Joseph Mausbach .

Works (selection)

  • The biblical chronology from the exodus from Egypt to the beginning of the Babylonian exile. 1879 (new edition 2010, ISBN 1147988196 )
  • The Mother of God in the Holy Scriptures. 1887 (New edition of the English translation by Ferdinand Brossart, 2007, ISBN 0548698694 )
  • Explanation of the two letters to the Thessalonians and the letter to the Galatians. Aschendorff Verlag, 1890 (new edition 2009, ISBN 1115847139 )
  • Explanation of the letter to the Romans. Aschendorff Verlag, 1891
  • Explanation of the letter to the Hebrews. Aschendorff Verlag, 1893
  • Introduction to the New Testament. Schöningh Verlag, 1898
  • Explanation of the two letters to the Corinthians. Aschendorff Verlag, 1903 (new edition 2010, ISBN 1160985146 )


Web links

Commons : Aloys Schäfer  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Source on the beginning of teaching in Dillingen in 1881
  2. Source on changing to the University of Münster
  3. Source on moving to Breslau in 1895
  4. ^ Source on the beginning of the Strasbourg activity
  5. ^ Source for lessons from Ferdinand Piontek
  6. Source of acquaintance Schäfer - Stutz
  7. Source on Hitzes proposal by Professors Schäfer and Mausbach
predecessor Office successor
Georg Wuschanski Apostolic Vicar in the Saxon Hereditary Lands
Franz Löbmann
Georg Wuschanski Apostolic Prefect of Upper Lusatia
(for Meissen's former diocesan area there)
Franz Löbmann