Annan (river)

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The Annan at Lochmaben

The Annan at Lochmaben

location Dumfries and Galloway , Scotland
River system Annan
Drain over Solway Firth  → Irish Sea
River basin district Solway Tweed XRBD
source Confluence of several streams on the slopes of Hart Fell
55 ° 23 ′ 43 ″  N , 3 ° 28 ′ 3 ″  W
Source height around  370  m ASL
muzzle At Annan in the Solway Firth coordinates: 54 ° 57 ′ 51 ″  N , 3 ° 15 ′ 57 ″  W 54 ° 57 ′ 51 ″  N , 3 ° 15 ′ 57 ″  W.

length 78 km
Left tributaries Water of Milk , Dryfe Water , Whamphray Water , Moffat Water , Birnock Water
Right tributaries Kinnel Water , Evan Water

The Annan ( Gaelic : Abhainn Anainn; probably from the river deity Anu) is a river in the Scottish Council Area Dumfries and Galloway . He is eponymous for the historic province of Annandale .


The river is created by the confluence of several source streams on the southern slopes of the Hart Fell at an altitude of around 370 m. The site is close to the boundaries of the historic counties of Lanarkshire , Peeblesshire and Dumfriesshire and a short distance from the Tweed and Clyde springs . Its approximately 78 km long run leads mainly in a southerly direction. On its upper reaches the Annan flows through a valley called Annandale, which separates the Moffat Hills from the Lowther Hills .

The Annan flows through numerous villages and a few small towns. Moffat , Johnstonebridge , Brydekirk and Annan are among the most important . Two kilometers south of Annan, the Annan flows into the Solway Firth , which eventually widens into a bay and merges into the Irish Sea .


Along its course, the Annan takes on numerous streams. The most important left tributaries include the Water of Milk at Ecclefechan , the Dryfe Water at Lockerbie , the Whamphray Water at Johnstonebridge, the Moffat Water and the Birnock Water at Moffat. From the right, the Kinnel Water flows into Lochmaben and the Evan Water flows into Beattock .


With the A74 (M) , the A78 , the A701 and the A709, in addition to numerous secondary roads, four trunk roads cross the Annan. Of the numerous bridges spanning the Annan, Millhouse Bridge , Shillahill Bridge , Hoddom Bridge , Brydekirk Bridge and Annan Bridge are classified as monuments of the highest Scottish monument category A.

Web links

Commons : Annan  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Annan in: FH Groome: Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical. , Grange Publishing, Edinburgh, 1885.
  2. a b c Entry in the Gazetteer for Scotland
  3. Iain Mac Tailleir: Place-names. (PDF) p. 5 , accessed on November 23, 2019 (English).
  4. Listed Building - Entry . In: Historic Scotland .
  5. Listed Building - Entry . In: Historic Scotland .
  6. Listed Building - Entry . In: Historic Scotland .
  7. Listed Building - Entry . In: Historic Scotland .
  8. Listed Building - Entry . In: Historic Scotland .