Antonov An-74

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Antonov An-74
An-74 of the Ministry of Civil Protection
Type: STOL - transport aircraft
Design country:

Soviet UnionSoviet Union Soviet Union


OK Antonov

First flight:




Production time:

In series production since 1985

Number of pieces:

195 (+ 9 orders)
(Status: 2019)

The Antonov An-74 is a STOL - transport aircraft for short and medium-haul flights from Soviet and Ukrainian production. Originally, this variant of the An-72 was further developed for civilian supply missions in the Arctic . The two turbofan engines are arranged in front of or above the wings and guide the air flow over the wings in order to increase the lift ( Coandă effect ).


The prototype first flew at the end of 1983. Series production in Kharkov started in 1985. Due to its STOL properties, the An-74 manages with a 300-meter landing runway and a 250-meter take-off runway, as demonstrated in 1987 when it landed on the drifting ice floe of the polar station SP-27.

The arrangement of their engines led to the nickname " Cheburashka ", a film and novel character with big ears.

For use in the Arctic, skis can be mounted on the chassis. The wing leading edges can be de-iced. This allows use in zones from −60 ° to + 45 °. This allows it to operate from unpaved runways or from ice and snow surfaces in the Arctic, where other aircraft can no longer take off and land. In addition, improved navigation instruments and additional tanks were installed.


The latest versions are the An-74T (freighter) and An-74TK-200 ( combined freighter ). Only two crew members are required here, and a higher take-off weight (larger payload) is possible.

An-74TK-300 with engines suspended below the wing, Dubai 2005

The An-74TK-300 has conventionally suspended engines under the wings. The first flight was on April 20, 2001.

A new type of aircraft was developed based on the An-74-300 . This was equipped with improved engines and bears the designation Antonov An-148 .

Military users

EgyptEgypt Egypt
  • 2 × (9 ordered in total)
Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
  • 2 ×
IranIran Iran
  • 11 ×
KazakhstanKazakhstan Kazakhstan
  • 1 × (2 procured in total)
LaosLaos Laos
  • 1 × (VIP transporter, originally 2, crash on May 17, 2014)
LibyaLibya Libya
  • 1 × Libyan Civil Aviation Authority (5A-CAA)
Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova
  • 2 ×
PeruPeru Peru
  • 0 × (up to 1990 2 pieces)
RussiaRussia Russia
  • 39 ×
UkraineUkraine Ukraine
  • 26 ×


  • On May 17, 2014 at 7 a.m. local time, an An-74-TK-300 of the Lao Air Force crashed in dense forest while approaching Xieng Khouang Airport. The crash site is about 4 kilometers from the airport. Of the 17 people on board, only 3 survived the crash. The aircraft with the aircraft registration RDPL-34020 (serial number 36547098982) was built in 2009 and destroyed in the crash.
  • On July 29, 2017 at around 11:00 local time, an An-74-TK-300 of Cavok Airlines with the registration UR-CKC had to cancel its take-off from São Tomé Airport due to a bird strike . The plane could no longer stop on the runway, rolled down an embankment and came to a halt there. Five crew members suffered injuries. The aircraft was so badly damaged that it could not be repaired.

Technical specifications

Two-sided view An-74TK-300
Parameter Data An-74T Data An-74TK-300
crew 2
Passengers 68 soldiers or 57 paratroopers Max. 52
length 28.07 m
span 31.89 m
height 8.65 m
Wing area 98.62 m²
Wing extension 10.31
Wing loading
  • minimum (empty weight): 193 kg / m²
  • maximum (max. take-off weight) 365 kg / m²
Empty mass 19,000 kg 14,300 kg
Max. Takeoff mass 36,000 kg 37,500 kg
Max. payload 10,000 kg
Top speed 705 km / h 750 km / h
Cruising speed 550 km / h at an altitude of 9,000 m
Service ceiling 11,800 m 10,100 m
Range 1500–4300 km 3500 km
Engines two Ivchenko Progress ZMKB D-36A two Ivchenko Progress ZMKB D-364A-A4
thrust 2 × 63.7 kN

See also

Web links

Commons : Antonov An-74  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. [1] (Russian), accessed January 28, 2019
  2. a b Karsten Palt: Antonov An-74TK-300. In: Retrieved November 21, 2018 .
  3. JACDEC - Lao AN-74 crash