Arthur of Franquet

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paul Friedrich Arthur von Franquet (* 1854 in Braunschweig ; † 1931 there ) was a German manufacturer , art collector and patron .


Franquet had achieved prosperity as the great-nephew of the Brunswick entrepreneur and factory owner Carl Friedrich Franquet , owner of the chicory factory Ludwig Otto Bleibtreu . He had two brothers, Eugen (1858–1925), writers in Berlin, and Guido. Franquet invested part of his fortune in an extensive art collection, which included paintings that are now world famous.

Art collector and sponsor Edvard Munch

Edvard Munch: The Scream , pastel version from 1895

Franquet had already inherited a substantial collection of art objects and antiques from the estates of his relatives, the founder of the chicory factory Ludwig Otto Bleibtreu and his foster son and successor Carl Friedrich Franquet. Works from Arthur von Franquet's collection are usually marked with his owner's note, a branding stamp in the form of a crown above the Brunswick lion .

Arthur and Eugen von Franquet were among the first German collectors of works by the Norwegian Edvard Munch . Arthur owned a number of Munch's early prints before 1895 and was friends with him. Both corresponded for years and Munch visited Franquet several times in Braunschweig.

Arthur von Franquet's collection included a pastel version of Munch's The Scream, probably commissioned by himself in 1895, and the Munch painting Girl at the Window from 1893, which is now in the Art Institute of Chicago .

Franquet sold the cry in 1926 to the Jewish banker and art collector Hugo Simon , who in 1933 before the Nazis fled Germany, where his collection was dispersed. The further provenance of the work until 2012 is considered controversial. Franquet's pastel version from 1895 was auctioned at Sotheby’s in New York on May 2, 2012 for a record sum of 119,922,500 US dollars and was considered the most expensive painting to be auctioned up to that point. The buyer of the work was the businessman Leon Black .


Steinweg 4 in Braunschweig (around 1900): from 1748 to 1786 house of the city commandant, then residential and commercial building Ludwig Otto Bleibtreus , after his death in 1820 inhabited by his successor Carl Friedrich Franquet and until 1931 by Arthur von Franquet.

After Arthur von Franquet's death in 1931, the estate went to his nephew , the language teacher Herbert von Franquet. Parts of the extensive art and antiques collections were sold or auctioned.

The former residential and commercial building of the Bleibtreu and (von) Franquet families at Steinweg 4 , in which Arthur von Franquet had lived in seclusion until his death, was still in the possession of his nephew who lived in Munich in 1936. It was completely destroyed in World War II.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ FJ Christiani: Karl Friedrich Franquet. Farm manufacturer in Braunschweig (1783–1851). P. 1.
  2. ^ Leopold Reidemeister : Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. The graphic work for the artist's 90th birthday. Exhibition from September 7th to December 8th 1974, Berlin, Brücke-Museum, p. 8.
  3. ^ Franquet's stamp
  4. ^ Hans Dieter Huber : Edvard Munch - Materiality, Metabolism and Money. rough and ready 12, Berlin 2014, ISBN 978-3-8442-8890-2 .
  5. ^ Correspondence between Edvard Munch and Arthur von Franquet at
  6. Information on the work on
  7. Information on The Girl by the Window , 1893 on under “Ownership History”.
  8. “Legally one is completely powerless.” The auction house Sotheby's is auctioning Edvard Munch's famous work “The Scream”. , Stefan Koldehoff in conversation with Ulrike Timm on Deutschlandradio Kultur on May 2, 2012.
  9. ^ Sotheby's Sells Munch's "The Scream" for $ 119.9 in New York City - the most expensive artwork sold at auction - over the objections of the descendants of the Jewish collector Hugo Simon who owned it from 1926 to 1937
  10. Sales description at Sotheby's on May 2, 2012
  11. New York billionaire is said to have bought Munch's "Scream" In: Der Spiegel from July 12, 2012.
  12. Uwe M. Schneede u. a .: Munch and Germany. Hamburger Kunsthalle 1994, p. 90.
  13. Braunschweigisches address book for the year 1936. 122nd edition, Joh. Heinr. Meyer Verlag, Braunschweig 1936, street directory p. 217.