Australian Football League
|Title holder||West Coast Eagles (4th title)|
Carlton FC and Essendon FC
(16 titles each)
|Record player||Brent Harvey (432, 1996-2016)|
|Record scorer||Tony Lockett (1,360, 1983-2002)|
|TV partner||Seven Network , Fox Footy|
The Australian Football League ( AFL ) is the top division of Australian football in Australia and the only professional league in this sport. 18 teams currently play in the AFL. Until 1990 the league was called the Victorian Football League. The season in the AFL begins at the end of March and traditionally ends with the Grand Final on the last Saturday in September. The Grand Final, the highlight of the season in which the Australian champions are determined, will be played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne . Record winners are the Carlton Blues and the Essendon Bombers with 16 titles each.
|Brisbane Bears||Brisbane , Queensland||1987-1996||0|
|Fitzroy Lions||Melbourne , Victoria||1897-1996||8th|
|University Students||Melbourne , Victoria||1908-1914||0|
A season consists of 29 game days, with each team receiving one game-free weekend per season. A win means four, a draw two points. If two or more teams have collected the same number of points in the table, the so-called percentage decides on the table position. The percentage expresses the relationship between points scored and points received and is given as a percentage. The team with the higher percentage is shown in the table above the team with the lower percentage . At the end of the regular season, the championship leader receives the McClelland Trophy .
The best eight teams of the regular season play the national champions in the four-week finals series . The best four clubs of the season have the opportunity to reach the Grand Final despite losing in the qualifying final. The individual weeks are organized as follows:
- First Qualifying Final (3 month ): First of the regular season against the fourth of the regular season
- Second Qualifying Final : Second of the regular season against the third of the regular season
- First pre-final ( 1st Elimination Final ): Fifth of the regular season against the eighth of the regular season
- Second Elimination Final : Sixth of the regular season against the seventh of the regular season
The winners of the qualifying finals go directly to the preliminary finals , the losers must first compete against the winners of the elimination finals in the semi-finals . The losers of the elimination finals are finally eliminated from the competition.
- First Semi-final : Loser of the first qualifying final against the winner of the first elimination final
- Second semi-final : loser of the second qualifying finals against the winner of the second elimination final
- First Preliminary Final : Winner of the first qualifying final against the winner of the second semi-final
- Second Preliminary Final : Winner of the second qualifying final against the winner of the first semi-final
- Grand Final: Winner of the first pre-final against the winner of the second pre-final
In the event of a tie, a replay is due in the fifth week, if this match also ends in a tie, there is overtime.
The Australian Football League is dominated by Australian players. During the 2012 season, only twelve professionals without Australian roots were active in the AFL, including ten Irish , one Canadian and one US American . 78 players were of indigenous origin in the 2011 season , which corresponds to 9.74% of the Australian football players.
A club may have a maximum of 20 players per year, with 38 to 40 professionals on the so-called senior list and four to six players on the rookie list . There are also up to three development rookies, including a. foreign players count too. Player changes are only possible during the trade period during the break of the season. New players can join the league through various drafts , such as the rookie draft, the national draft and the pre-season draft. A mid-season draft was carried out between 1990 and 1993 . Since the offseason 2012/2013 it is also possible to change players from free agents .
In the case of player commitments, the clubs must on the one hand take into account the size of the squad, on the other hand they must also comply with the AFL's salary cap . This is currently at AUD 9.13 million (around EUR 6.25 million) per season. Clubs that have recently joined receive a higher salary cap, for example the Gold Coast Suns earned AUD 9.63 million (around EUR 6.6 million) in the 2013 season, and the Greater Western Sydney Giants AUD 9.987 million (around EUR 6.85 million) . Euro). In addition, there is a so-called salary floor, which defines the minimum salary that must be paid for the entire management team. Since 2013, this has been 95% of the salary cap. On average, every Australian football player earns around AUD 250,000 (around 172,000 euros) per year, the top earners an estimated AUD 1.2 million (around 820,000 euros).
The average attendance at the games in the AFL is over 30,000 per game. This makes the Australian Football League one of the most popular sports leagues worldwide. During the finals, the average since 1995 was between 49,938 (2002) and 68,385 (2009) viewers. Almost 100,000 spectators flock to the Grand Final every year (2018: 100,022 paying visitors). In Australia, Australian football is the most popular league in terms of audience appeal and the second most popular sport in terms of television audience after cricket .
AFL ranking from 1990–2019 according to victory percentage
|team||Games||Victories||draw||Defeats||points scored||points received||percentage||Points||title||Wins in percent|
|West Coast Eagles||711||410||6th||295||67186||61568||109.10||1654||4th||58.09|
|North Melbourne Kangaroos||693||372||3||318||68797||66498||103.46||1494||2||53.90|
|Sydney Swans SMFC||702||364||8th||330||65586||62609||104.75||1472||2||52.42|
|Port Adelaide Power||529||271||5||253||48622||47838||101.64||1094||1||51.70|
|Western Bulldogs Footscray||688||337||8th||343||64657||66047||97.90||1374||1||49.56|
|St. Kilda Saints||683||320||10||353||62399||63973||97.59||1300||0||47.58|
|Greater Western Sydney Giants||187||82||3||102||15560||17553||88.65||334||0||44.65|
|Brisbane Bears *||156||51||2||103||14007||17024||82.28||208||0||33.33|
|Fitzroy FC *||152||38||0||114||12673||17740||71.44||152||0||25.00|
|Gold Coast Suns||198||47||1||150||14704||20581||71.44||190||0||23.99|
The different number of games is explained by the year of entry and the number of final games played.
* Brisbane Bears and Fitzroy FC merged in 1997 to form the Brisbane Lions
Reporting in Germany
Until the 2015 season, Eurosport 2 broadcast a game live from the AFL every week. For the 2016 season, Eurosport 2 has no longer secured the broadcasting rights.
- Eurosport: AFL 2nd matchday. Retrieved April 6, 2010