Stratford Railway Station

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Stratford Railway Station

The Stratford Station is a train station in the district London Borough of Newham and the most important transport hub in the northeast of London . The Central Line and Jubilee Line of the London Underground , the Docklands Light Railway , London Overground and trains of the railway companies Abellio Greater Anglia , TfL Rail and c2c operate here . The station is referred to as Stratford (London) on railroad tickets to avoid confusion with Stratford-upon-Avon . In 2016, 67.05 million subway passengers used the station, plus a further 42.252 million rail passengers.


Change between the Central Line and the railroad on the same platform

The tower station consists of two planes crossing at right angles. The upper level, accessible via two underpasses , is oriented approximately from east to west, its tracks are used as follows:

The lower level is oriented from north to south. Tracks 13 to 16 can be reached via a pedestrian bridge, while track 17 is directly adjacent to the reception building.

There are bus stations on both the east and west sides of the facility .


Stratford Railway Station in 1851
Stratford Railway Lines (1914)

The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) opened Stratford Station on June 20, 1839, along with the first section of the Great Eastern Main Line . The station building was then on Angel Lane, about three hundred meters northeast of the current location. On September 15, 1840, the Northern and Eastern Railway (N&ER) began traffic on the branch line to Broxbourne (today's West Anglia Main Line ). In addition to the track after a Broxbourne emerged depot with Depot , later developed out of a locomotive factory. The site is now the southern part of the London Olympic Park .

Originally the tracks of the ECR were laid on the recommendation of engineer John Braithwaite in the gauge of five feet (1524 mm). This should reduce the wear and tear on the locomotives. For reasons of compatibility, the N&ER had no choice but to follow the example of the ECR. With the extension of the Great Eastern Main Line in the early 1840s, it was recognized that the standard gauge of 1435 mm was the better solution. For this reason, the distances were both railway companies in September and October 1844 umgespurt . In 1847 new station buildings were built in the corner between the two lines; access was via Station Road.

In 1846 the Eastern Counties and Thames Junction Railway (EC & TJR) opened the line on the lower level, initially as a freight branch line to a shipyard on the Thames . The bridge under the main line turned out to be too low for many locomotives. They were therefore equipped with retractable chimneys so that they could pass the place at all. There was also a direct connection from the Great Eastern Main Line to the freight branch line. From 1847 onwards, the EC & TJR also carried out passenger traffic to North Woolwich . The trains of the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTS), which opened on April 13, 1854, ran through Stratford for the first few years. However, this route soon proved to be a bottleneck, which is why the LTSR opened a more direct route via West Ham in 1858 .

The ECR opened the line from Stratford to Loughton on August 22, 1856 (later extended to Epping and Ongar ). In 1862 the ECR merged with several smaller companies to form the Great Eastern Railway (GER). In 1877, they converted the station. But after a few years, the expanded facility was no longer able to cope with the rapidly growing volume of traffic, so that the upper level had to be expanded again between 1891 and 1893. In 1896 the line was lowered on the lower level, after which the locomotives no longer needed retractable chimneys. In 1902 the NER became part of the GER, which in turn became part of the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923 (1923).

Express train in Stratford (1958)

The Central Line reached Stratford on December 4, 1946 from Liverpool Street Station. Four months later, on March 5, 1947, the extension to Leyton went into operation. The LNER suburban routes northeast of Stratford were gradually transferred to the Central Line by 1957. Electrification of the Great Eastern Main Line, begun in the late 1930s, continued after the end of World War II and was completed in 1949 under the direction of the newly formed state-owned British Railways .

On August 31, 1987, the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) began operations, initially on the line towards Poplar . At the end of the 1990s, the station was completely rebuilt as part of the extension of the Jubilee Line . A hall made of steel and glass was created, which encloses most of the lower level as well as a new counter hall. The old station building, which was located on the east side of the station and was connected to it by an underpass, was demolished. The platforms of the Jubilee Line opened on May 14, 1999.

Since August 31, 2011, the station has been connected to a second DLR line. This runs from Stratford International station in the direction of Woolwich and Beckton . In September 2011 a second counter hall was opened on the west side of the station. It opens up the new residential and business district of Stratford City and was the most important access point to the competition venues in the neighboring Olympic Park during the 2012 Olympic Games . The traffic volume is expected to increase significantly again from December 2019 when the Crossrail route goes into operation.

Web links

Commons : Stratford Railway Station  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. COUNTS - 2016 - annual entries & exits. (Excel) (No longer available online.) Transport for London , 2017, formerly in the original ; accessed on April 1, 2018 (English).  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  2. Estimates of station usage, 2016/17 data. (Excel) Office of Rail and Road , 2017, accessed April 1, 2018 .
  3. ^ H. P. White: A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain - Volume 3: Greater London . David & Charles, Newton Abbott 1987, ISBN 0-7153-5337-3 .
  4. Lyn Brooks: Broad gauge on the Eastern Counties Railway . In: Great Eastern Journal . tape 34 , October 1993.
  5. ^ A b Peter Kay: Great Eastern in Town and Country . tape 3 . Irwell Press, Clophill 1996, ISBN 1-871608-74-0 , pp. 18-19 .
  6. a b Lyn Brooks, J. Watling: Return to North Woolwich . PEMT / Great Eastern Railway Society, London 1987, ISBN 0-906123-09-7 , pp. 4 .
  7. ^ Brooks, Watling: Return to North Woolwich. Pp. 24-25.
  8. J. E. Connor: Fenchurch Street to Barking . Middleton Press, Midhurst 1998, ISBN 1-901706-20-6 .
  9. a b Central Line. Clive's Underground Line Guides, accessed April 1, 2018 .
  10. ^ V. J. Wilmoth: British Railways Electrification . No. 600 . Civil Engineering and Public Works, 1956, pp. 660-661 .
  11. ^ Docklands Light Railway. Clive's Underground Line Guides, accessed January 3, 2013 .
  12. Jubilee Line. Clive's Underground Line Guides, accessed January 3, 2013 .

Previous station National Rail Next train station
Liverpool Street Abellio Greater Anglia
Great Eastern Main Line
Abellio Greater Anglia
West Anglia Main Line
Lea Bridge
individual trains to the LTS line
Previous station London Overground Next train station
Hackney Wick North London Line final destination
Previous station Crossrail Next train station
Liverpool Street "Shenfield Metro"
(until 2018)
Whitechapel Elizabeth Line
(from 2018)
Previous station London Underground Next station
West Ham   Jubilee Line   final destination
Mile end   Central Line   Leyton
Previous station Docklands Light Railway Next station
Pudding Mill Lane   to Lewisham   final destination
Stratford International   by Beckton   Stratford High Street

Coordinates: 51 ° 32 ′ 29.9 ″  N , 0 ° 0 ′ 13 ″  W.