The Barnabites (Congregation of the Regular Clergy of St. Paul, Latin : Clerici regulares S. Pauli decollati , abbreviation : B , also CRSP , or Paulists ) are a Catholic religious community for men who live and teach according to Pauline theology . Its members are mainly priests who are mainly active in educational work and pastoral care .
The Barnabites were founded in Milan in 1530 by Antonio Maria Zaccaria . Zaccaria was an Italian priest and physicist who was canonized in 1897 . As early as 1533, the community received papal recognition through Clement VII as the congregation of the regular clergy of St. Paul (Paulaner). The order got its name from the ancient monastery of San Barnaba, which moved to Milan that same year . At the beginning of its formation, the association set itself the goals of preventing moral neglect in Milan, supporting religious ties of the clergy , regulating the laity by, as people's missionaries , guiding the people to special veneration of the altar sacrament and studying the letters of Paul to dedicate.
The order became an instrument of the Counter-Reformation and sought in 1533 a union with the Jesuits , which Ignatius of Loyola prevented. In 1603 Heinrich IV called them to France to fight the Huguenots and in 1626 Ferdinand II called them to Austria , where he entrusted them with the Michaelerkirche in Vienna as a religious settlement.
The religious life demanded strict penance and flagellation as well as lectures and scientific activity. The Paulaner held chairs at universities and high schools. Noteworthy is a church in Moncalieri , the church of Sta. Maria della Scala, and an astrological - meteorological observatory , which was founded by the Barnabite order. Influenced by the order was z. B. Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de La Guyon (1648-1717).
The community had 385 members in 2004, including 303 priests who looked after 66 parishes (according to the Annuario Pontificio ). There are monasteries in Italy, Austria, Belgium , Spain and South America .
Zaccaria later founded a comparable order for women, the Angelics , or The English Sisters of St. Paul , who was led by Pope Paul III in 1535 . was recognized. Zaccaria's relics are kept in the Church of the Angelica in Milan, in S. Barbara , and are venerated there.
Important members of the order were Jean-Pierre Nicéron (1685–1738), Paolo Frisi (1728–1784), Giuseppe Parini (1729–1799), Carl Leonhard Reinhold and Ugo Bassi (1801–1849). The barnabit Michael Marrano (lat. Murazanus ), who was in demand as an exorcist in the early 17th century, especially among the nobility and high clergy, achieved dubious fame . The cardinal of Lorraine and the bishop of Verdun were among the personalities from whom he cast out demons. He repeatedly tried to remedy the childlessness of noble couples by exorcism, for example with Antonie von Lothringen and Johann Wilhelm von Jülich-Kleve-Berg , with Elisabeth Renata of Lorraine and Maximilian I of Bavaria and with the Duchess of Mantua and Amadeus of Savoy .
- Alessandro Sauli (1567 - February 10, 1570)
- Francesco Fontana (1807 - March 19, 1822)
- Giovanni M. Bernasconi (1964-1970)
- Giovanni Villa (July 24, 2000 - ...)
- Internet presence of the Order ( Memento of March 12, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Ecumenical Lexicon of Saints