City of Zella-Mehlis
|Height :||400 m above sea level NN|
|Incorporation :||1st January 2019|
|Postal code :||98544|
|Area code :||036843|
Location of Benshausen in Thuringia
View of Benshausen and the Dolmar
The district lies in a valley basin. The valley in which the village mainly extends is traversed by the Lichtenau coming from Zella-Mehlis . On the southern outskirts of the village comes a small stream from the Kröhlisgrund , which flows into the Lichtenau.
In the northeast, the Thuringian Forest rises gradually with the 868 m high Ruppberg . In the northwest of Benshausen there is a ridge that rises to 530 m on the Passberg . In the southeast between Benshausen and Suhl there is a large forest area that rises to the 751 m high Schwarzkopf .
Benshausen was first mentioned in a document in 1274. The current district of Ebertshausen was mentioned as early as 838, so it can be assumed that both places were founded around 800 by Franconian settlers. Already in the 11th century there was a central court in Benshausen , whose catchment area later extended to Zella-Mehlis and Suhl; It was dissolved in 1680. After the expansion of the trade route, pre-tensioning services were performed for the wagons going to Oberhof . In the 15th century Benshausen achieved a high degree of popularity and prosperity through its wine trade. Wines mainly from the Rhine, Main and Moselle were bought, matured and resold.
Benshausen was affected by the persecution of witches from 1579 to 1674 . 40 women and five men got into witch trials , 25 women and three men were burned, two women died in dungeon. The last execution took place in 1621. Witch hunts also took place in the Ebertshausen district .
Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony approved the holding of two annual fairs in 1621 to transport the place designated as Flecken and in 1654 also permitted a third annual fair. Despite this granting of market rights, Benshausen did not develop into a town.
During the time of National Socialism , local residents were also persecuted for political and racist reasons. Among them was the mayor and KPD district assembly member Otto Keiner, who died in Buchenwald concentration camp in 1944 . The innkeeper Fritz Keiner was a member of the " Stahlhelm ", but was sentenced to death by a special court in Suhl in 1944 for " decomposing military strength " and shot on the same day in a quarry near Suhl. A memorial stone in the park next to the Benshausen school commemorates both (unrelated) men . A street is named after Otto Keiner. During the Second World War , 380 prisoners of war as well as women and men from the countries occupied by Germany had to do forced labor : in various metalworking plants and in agriculture. A grave memorial on the grave of a Soviet girl is the only reminder of at least six victims of forced labor.
On March 8, 1994, the community Ebertshausen , which was parish in Benshausen after the Thirty Years War, was incorporated. On January 1, 2019, Benshausen was finally incorporated into the city of Zella-Mehlis.
Development of the population (December 31st) , with the district Ebertshausen:
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The local election on May 25, 2014 with a turnout of 53.5% led to the following distribution of votes and the 14 seats in the local council:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|Free Association of Voters (FWG)||37.4%||5|
|Responsibility for Benshausen (VfB)||30.3%||4th|
|Future Benshausen Initiative (IZB)||18.6%||3|
The honorary mayor Ronald Hande was elected on November 2, 2014 when a new election became necessary.
coat of arms
* Benshausen coat of arms : three towers covered in light green in red. The roof of the left tower is pointed. The highest tower in the middle is shown as a gate tower with a blue opening and has a golden weathercock on its top. The right tower carries a sphere with a star. A black hen is depicted in front of the gate opening . The coat of arms contains the inscription "Benshausen".
* Ebertshausen coat of arms : In field 1 a black hen with a red crest standing on the highest of three green mountains in front of a golden background; refers to the earlier affiliation to the Henneberger Land. In field 2 a green heart against a silver background; Ebertshausen is located in Thuringia, the green heart of Germany. In field 3 the Franconian rake , which is held in red (above) and silver (below); documents the historical connection and affiliation to Franconia , which is reflected in our Henneberg dialect, a subspecies of the Main Franconian or East Franconian dialects.
Culture and sights
- In the Benshausen local museum, objects from past centuries are shown.
- The Lapp Museum houses an exhibition on small businesses and agriculture in the past.
- The Tanzhaus Benshausen association deals with Thuringian folk dances and offers them.
- Musikverein Benshausen e. V., founded in 1924
- The church in the district of Ebertshausen is one of the oldest in the Henneberger Land district.
- The church on the market square of Benshausen was built in 1423, the current Thomas Church dates from 1791, in which it maintained the foundation of the old church tower.
- In TSV 1883 Benshausen e. V. there are the following departments: football, gymnastics, judo, chess, volleyball, winter sports and bowling.
- Rifle Club Ebertshausen e. V., with its own club house and air pressure shooting range in Ebertshausen, represented since August 1989.
- Schützenverein SC Tell 1907 e. V., clubhouse with air pressure shooting range on the upper floor of the school feeding building
- TSV Ebertshausen eV, with the table tennis department.
- Gymnastics and Sports Club 1883 Benshausen e. V.
- Carnival Association Benshausen e. V.
- Kirmesgesellschaft Benshausen e. V.
- Fire Brigade Association Benshausen e. V.
- Musikverein Benshausen e. V.
- Hundesportverein Benshausen e. V.
Benshausen is on the federal highway 62 , which leads from the motorway junction Suhl / Zella-Mehlis of the federal motorway 71 through the city of Zella-Mehlis to the roundabout at the northeast entrance to the town. From there, over the saddle of the Keßler Rain, the state road 1118 branches off to Viernau , Steinbach-Hallenberg and Schmalkalden . This road will be upgraded to the B 62. The district road 580 continues through the whole place as the former federal highway 280 , which leads in a westerly direction via Schwarza to the district town Meiningen . Further south, a small road branches off over the Aschenhof to Suhl-Albrechts, which is used by many as an alternative to the B 62 to Zella-Mehlis and Suhl .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Johann Daniel Elster (1796–1857), music professor, promoter of choral singing in Germany and Switzerland
- Fritz Keiner (1895–1944), victim of National Socialism
- Wolfgang Kleinsteuber (1944–2012), painter and sculptor
- Oskar Lapp (1921–1987), entrepreneur
- Erna Wallisch (1922–2008), guard in the Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps
- Ursula Ida Lapp (* 1930), entrepreneur
- Martin Lotz (* 1938), track and field athlete and Olympic participant
- Jörg Schwäblein (* 1952), CDU politician
People related to the place
- Tino Mohaupt (* 1983), marksman, junior European champion 2000
- Karl Weise: Benshausen - A home book. Thuringian Forest Association, Benshausen approx. 1992.
- W. Brunngräber, E. Mann: Ortschronik of the community Benshausen.
- Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution in Benshausen. (PDF; 5 kB). Retrieved May 9, 2016.
- Kai Lehmann : Innocent. Witch hunt south of the Thuringian Forest. Over 500 researched cases from the 16th and 17th centuries. Wehry-Verlag, Untermaßfeld 2012, ISBN 978-3-9813902-8-5 , p. 55 f .; Kai Lehmann: Exhibition "Luther and the Witches". Benshausen area, Library Museum Schloss Wilhelmsburg Schmalkalden, 2012; Ronald Füssel: The persecution of witches in the Thuringian area (= publications of the working group for historical witchcraft and crime research in Northern Germany. Vol. 2). DOBU-Verlag, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-934632-03-3 , pp. 232 and 253, (also: Marburg, University, dissertation, 2000); Manfred Wilde : The sorcery and witch trials in Saxony. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 2003, ISBN 3-412-10602-X , pp. 466-471, (also: Chemnitz, Technical University, habilitation paper, 2002).
- Monika Kahl: Benshausen . In: Memorials for the Victims of National Socialism - A Documentation . Volume II: Federal states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Thuringia. 2000, Bonn, Federal Agency for Civic Education, p. 801.
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 248.
- Thuringian State Office for Statistics: 2014 municipal council elections - final result Benshausen .