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Under management refers to the well-planned and value-added use and the management of service buildings and the use of budget funds .


The word “management” is derived from economic activity , i.e. the planned and efficient decision on scarce resources for the best possible satisfaction of needs . Real estate ( residential or commercial real estate ), technical facilities , bodies of water , agriculture or commercial forests come into consideration as economic objects to be managed; In terms of area, in particular agricultural areas , commercial areas , forest areas , water areas or residential areas are cultivated. The management is also of great importance in the context of public finances .


The management of real estate is a sub-task of facility management . The task of property management is to provide properties that meet the goals of the landowners as closely as possible. The core business property management comprises in particular accounting ( Rent , operating costs and extra costs , and the requirement of payments ), controlling , property insurance , property management ( deposits , residential and commercial), vacancy management , parking management , rental beings or contracting . In real estate management, the focus is on use, which is determined by the landowners, operators and users . Real estate management can be a function in your own company, but it can also be a service for third parties ( real estate management ).

Agriculture / Forestry / Water

The cultivation of agricultural areas takes place through cultivation , plant protection and harvesting within the framework of agricultural production . According to Section 585 (2) of the German Civil Code ( BGB ), agriculture is the cultivation of the land and the keeping of livestock associated with land use in order to obtain agricultural products of vegetable or animal origin , as well as horticultural production. The forest management of commercial forest is done through forestry . In the management of land owned or owned by the public sector , the objectives of nature conservation and landscape management should be given special consideration ( Section 1 (4 ) BNatSchG ). As uncultivated apply as fallow land , wasteland , ancient landscapes or vacant buildings. Cultivated landscapes are formed through the management of a natural landscape .

The purpose of the Water Management Act (WHG) is to protect water bodies as part of the natural balance , as a basis for human life, as a habitat for animals and plants and as a usable asset through sustainable water management ( Section 1 WHG). Water management is the management of water by humans. It is divided into the management of surface and subterranean waters , the production and distribution of drinking water , the management of wastewater and the drainage of areas with high levels of precipitation or the irrigation of areas with little precipitation.

Technical equipment

The operators of technical systems must meet special legal requirements when managing them (see operating license ). This is due to the major operational dangers that industrial plants and other technical systems can pose. The technical systems include in particular sewage , conveying , ventilation , communication , telecommunications , heat supply or water power systems . Many of them are systems that require monitoring . The focus is on preventing or minimizing operational disruptions , with facility management taking care of comprehensive maintenance , servicing and the implementation of necessary repairs . The technical building management should keep the buildings and systems functional .

economic aspects

Central cost in the management are the management costs , which in § 187 para. 1 BewG a legal definition possess. According to this, the management costs are the administration costs , operating costs , maintenance costs and the risk of loss of rent that arise in the course of normal management ; Operating costs covered by allocations are not taken into account. Profitability is the generally and sustainably achievable net income with proper and debt-free management with remunerated external workers ( Section 36 (2) BewG). The building yield value results from the gross profit of the property ( § 186 BewG) minus the management costs ( § 187 BewG) according to § 185 Abs. 1 BewG .

State management

In the context of public finances, the management relates to budgetary management , which is subject, among other things, to the principle of economical management ( Section 12 (3 ) HGrG ). In terms of budget law , management is understood to mean the collection of taxes on government revenue or the distribution of government expenditure . With the allocation of expenses for independent management, a department becomes a “manager”. In this sense, management means executing the budget established by the Budget Act . The management takes place in the public administration through the budget execution on the basis of a budget and gives the administration the possibility to enter into liabilities and to justify claims through administrative actions to the outside.

Management can also be understood in the context of the war economy or scarcity economy as a state measure in the form of the allocation of consumption-restricting subsets of certain goods to the population. It is implemented through rationing with the help of vouchers or certain quotas .

Web links

Wiktionary: Management  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Wallbaum / Susanne Kytzia / Samuel Kellenberger, Sustainable Building: Life Cycle, Systems, Scenarios, Responsibility , 2011, p. 128
  2. Michaela Hellerforth, quick guide to real estate management , 2014, p. 27
  3. Holger Wallbaum / Susanne Kytzia / Samuel Kellenberger, Sustainable Building: Life Cycle, Systems, Scenarios, Responsibility , 2011, p. 128
  4. Ulrich Bogenstätter, Property Management and Facility Management , 2008, p. 317
  5. ^ Herbert Wiesner / Antonius Westermeier, The state budget, cash and accounting , 2007, p. 157
  6. ^ Herbert Wiesner / Antonius Westermeier, The state budget, cash and accounting , 2007, p. 188 f.
  7. Verlag Dr. Th. Gabler (Ed.), Gablers Wirtschaftslexikon , Volume 1, 1984, Sp. 739