Boček IV. From Podebrady

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Boček IV. Von Poděbrad (also Boczek IV. Von Kunstadt and Poděbrad , Czech Boček z Poděbrad ; Boček IV. Z Poděbrad ; * July 15, 1442 ; † 1496 in Glatz ), was according to his titulature the last member of the Bohemian noble family Poděbrad , that descended from the lords of Kunstadt .


Litice Castle

Boček's parents were the future King of Bohemia, Georg von Podiebrad and Kunigunde von Sternberg . In accordance with family tradition, Boček, whose birthplace is not known, was named after many of his ancestors from the tribe of the Lords of Art City. Although he was the firstborn, he was not intended to succeed his father because of a mental handicap. Therefore, in contrast to his three younger brothers Viktorin , Heinrich d. Ä. and Heinrich d. J. , not accepted into the imperial prince 's rank and also not appointed Count von Glatz . Since he also did not have the title of Duke of Munsterberg , he was the last member of the noble family of Podebrades according to his title.

In 1458, the year he was elected King of Bohemia, Georg von Podiebrad transferred the dominions in his possession Náchod and Hummel to his sons Boček and Viktorin, with the right to appoint captains. A year later the brothers Boček and Viktorin confirmed the previous privileges to the town of Náchod and granted others. While King Georg 1465 Boček and his brothers transferred parts of what was formerly owned by the Opatowitz Monastery to joint ownership, Boček was no longer taken into account by his father in the same year when the ownership of Münsterberg and the County of Glatz were transferred to his three brothers.

After King George's unexpected death in 1471, his sons agreed on an inheritance plan on February 1, 1472 at Podiebrad Castle . Boček received the Lititz Castle , which also included the Rychmberk Castle and the Častolovice and Černíkovice fortresses as well as the town of Tinischt and half of the towns of Senftenberg and Chotzen and the town of Kunwald . In addition, the city of Jičín and the rule of Welisch , the estate of the Postoloprty monastery and a number of smaller estates were allotted to him. His brothers, who received larger estates, undertook to pay Boček an annual compensation of 370 Prague groschen . Zuckmantel remained undivided with his mines, the profits of which were to be divided equally between the four brothers. Heinrich the Elder received the reigns of Náchod and Hummel, each half of which belonged to the Boček and Viktorin brothers. Ä.

The inheritance agreement of 1472 is the last document that has been preserved, and Boček von Podebrady was personally and independently involved in its creation. In the later documents of his time he was mentioned regularly, but in such a way that someone else represented him or worked for him. Since his brother Viktorin was mostly in Hungarian captivity, Heinrich d. Ä. the guardianship over Boček. Probably in 1491 Heinrich d. Ä. from his brother Boček the large East Bohemian estates that belonged to the Litice domain. He sold this to Wilhelm II of Pernstein while Boček was still alive . It is believed that Heinrich d. Ä. with the takeover of the rule Litice contractually obliged to provide for the life of Boček. In any case, Boček, who was not married and left no heirs, died on September 28, 1496 on Heinrichs the Elder. Ä. Castle in Glatz . There he was buried in the church of the Franciscan monastery, which his brother Heinrich d. Ä. had been donated. In 1558 his body and eight other members of the family who were also buried there were reburied in the parish church of Glatz.


  • Ondřej Felcman, Radek Fukala and others: Poděbradové. Rod českomoravských pánů, kladských hrabat a sleszkých knížat . Nakladatelství Lidové Noviny 2008, ISBN 978-80-7106-949-2 .
  • Lydia Baštecká, Ivana Ebelová, Náchod . Náchod 2004, ISBN 80-7106-674-5 , pp. 57, 102.

Web links