Bruno dispute

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Bruno Streit (2018)

Bruno Streit (born March 4, 1948 in Basel ) is a Swiss ecologist and professor of ecology and evolution at the Faculty of Biosciences at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main .


From 1967 to 1971, Streit studied biology as a major and chemistry , mathematics and geology / paleontology as minor subjects at the University of Basel . He took additional courses in limnology at the University of Freiburg i.Br. (with Hans-Joachim Elster and Jürgen Schwoerbel ) and at the University of Zurich on microbiology and molecular biology (with Charles Weissmann among others ). In his diploma thesis he examined the hydrological and biological condition of the Aare below the Beznau nuclear power plant . In his doctoral thesis (1972-75) and in the subsequent work he did at the Limnological Institute of the University of Konstanz , he analyzed the carbon and energy balance in populations of the river cap snail . From 1975 to 1978 he headed a small research group in the DFG priority program "Food Chain Problems", which was dedicated to the bioaccumulation and ecotoxicity of pesticides in aquatic communities.

In 1978 he became a scientific assistant at the Zoological Institute of the University of Basel , completed his habilitation in 1979 and was given a lectureship in zoology in 1980. Now he focused on soil ecology and the ecotoxicology of heavy metals . From 1982 to 1984 he did research at the invitation of Paul R. Ehrlich as a Research Associate at the Department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University (USA) until he was invited to the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, where he worked from 1985 to September 2013 headed the Department of Ecology and Evolution as a professor. Since October 1, 2013, he has held a senior professorship and teaches evolutionary biology and aspects of biodiversity research in the department.

Quarrel was with the Helgoländerin born Sigrid dispute Ohlsen, married († 2009).

Main work areas

His early research focused on analyzes of energy and carbon flux in animal populations. Based on this methodologically, he analyzed the exchange kinetics and the mechanism of bioaccumulation of organic and inorganic environmental pollutants in organisms. He demonstrated the great importance of the diffusive mass transfer of lipophilic compounds via permeable membranes of the skin and gills between surrounding water and many aquatic organisms, which in terms of speed and quantity often exceeds the food chain path or the elimination path via the urine . He pointed to the ecological relevance of the chemical speciation of toxic substances for the uptake, the internal transport in the organism, the bioconcentration and the effect in the organism.

Later he worked with his group on the evolutionary ecology of various taxa (especially snails , daphnia and selected vertebrate genera ) using molecular genetic , evolutionary and behavioral ecological approaches and methods. The main content concerned questions of evolutionary speciation and hybridization , also in terms of their importance for species protection . He was involved in establishing and as a cooperation partner of the Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Center . In the meantime, he illuminates the global transformation of biodiversity as a result of increased population pressures, land and resource use, invasive species as well as material and climatic loads and discusses the rapid changes also in the face of human expansion, consumption and behavior strategies.


  • In his Ecology from 1980, Streit referred, among other things, to upcoming global population and demographic shifts and also to the significantly increasing CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere with the connections to climate change already recognized as likely . At that time, these were new topics on the ecology textbook market.
  • In 1991, he referred to the biological characteristics and the effects of invasive animal and plant species on the environment and nature conservation in a paper from the then Federal Ministry for Research and Technology, when this topic was still largely ignored in Central Europe. His group was the first to specifically approximate the economic dimension of the invasion phenomenon.
  • In 2004, Streit co-founded BioFrankfurt eV , the network for biodiversity, of which he has been spokesperson and coordinator ever since. The network of leading institutions in the Rhine-Main area points out the ecological, economic and socio-cultural significance of the earth's biological wealth for future generations, supports the coordination of educational work and the merging of research and protective measures. It carried out (as the first institution in Germany) surveys and analyzes of the population's perception of the biodiversity problem.


Fonts (selection)

Bruno Streit is the author, co-author or editor of over 220 mainly international scientific publications, including books and compilations:

  • Ecology. A short textbook. G. Thieme, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-13-583501-4 .
  • as editor: evolutionary processes in the animal kingdom. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel 1990, ISBN 3-7643-2436-8 .
  • Lexicon of Ecotoxicology. 2., updated and exp. Edition. VCH, Weinheim 1994, ISBN 3-527-30053-8 .
  • with B. Schierwater, GP Wagner and R. DeSalle (eds.): Molecular Ecology and Evolution: Approaches and applications. Birkhäuser, Basel / Boston 1994, ISBN 3-7643-2942-4 .
  • with T. Städler (Ed.): Population Biology of Freshwater Invertebrates. In: Experientia. Volume 51, No. 5, 1995, pp. 423-544.
  • with T. Städler and CM Lively (eds.): Evolutionary Ecology of Freshwater Animals. Concepts and case studies. Birkhäuser, Basel / Boston 1997, ISBN 3-7643-5694-4 .
  • with T. Braunbeck and DE Hinton (eds.): Fish Ecotoxicology. Birkhäuser, Basel / Berlin / Boston 1998, ISBN 3-7643-5819-X .
  • What is biodiversity? Exploration, protection and value of biological diversity. CH Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-53617-5 . (Vietnamese edition under the title Đa dạng sinh học , Hà Nội 2011)
  • with K. Schwenk and N. Brede (eds.): Hybridization in Animals - Extent, Processes and Evolutionary Impact. (= Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, v. 363, no. 1505). 2008, ISBN 978-0-85403-702-5 .

Web links

Commons : Bruno Streit  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. B. Streit, K. Böhning-Gaese, V. Mosbrugger: Biodiversity and Climate: Change in full swing! Biology in Our Time 4/2011: 248-255
  2. B. Dispute: Dislocation, transport and immigration of animal species from the perspective of scientific nature conservation. In: K. Henle, G. Kaule (Ed.): Nature conservation research for Germany. (Volume 4 of the reports from the ecological research of Forschungszentrum Jülich), 1991, pp. 208-224.
  3. ^ F. Reinhardt, M. Herle, M., F. Bastiansen, B. Streit: Economic impact of the spread of alien species in Germany. On behalf of the Federal Environment Agency, Berlin 2003; 229 pp.
  4. S. Jung, Ch. Schenck, B. Streit: The perception of the biodiversity concept in the public. Results of representative surveys from 2007-2011. Nature and Landscape 87, Stuttgart 2012: 483-488
  5. D. Kovac, CM Yang: A new species of Emeosopis Uhler, 1893 (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae) from peninsular Malaysia, with notes on its biology. In: The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 43, 1995, pp. 453-462.