Freudenburg castle ruins
|Freudenburg castle ruins|
Freudenburg castle ruins, viewed from the moat
|Creation time :||1330 to 1337|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, spur location|
|Conservation status:||Enclosing walls|
|Standing position :||Kurtrierische Landesburg|
The Freudenburg is the ruin of a spur castle on a western mountain spur of the Eiderberg at the end of Burgstrasse and Balduinstrasse within the municipality of Freudenburg in the Trier-Saarburg district in Rhineland-Palatinate .
The castle complex stands on the tip of a bow-shaped rock tongue at moat . This represents the only access to the castle. The complex, which forms an isosceles triangle, creates an imposing image with the three storey outer walls above the cliff edge ., which is separated from the village by an artificial
The castle was built between 1330 and 1337 by King John of Bohemia , Count of Luxembourg, to secure the 440-meter-high Eiderberg as part of a larger castle protection system between Trier and Luxembourg and later sold to his uncle, the Trier Archbishop and Elector Baldwin of Luxembourg . After the castle fell into disrepair in the 15th century, it came to the Trier Imperial Abbey of St. Maximin in 1589 and was restored under Abbot Reiner Biewer . In 1646 it was occupied and destroyed by Elector Philipp Christoph von Sötern in a dispute between the Abbey and the Electorate of Trier . In the course of secularization , the ruins came into the possession of the United Hospitien , which they sold to the Freudenburg community in 1861 . In 1908 and 1980 security work took place.
The 16 meter wide and 51 meter long neck moat that separated the castle from the courtyard and the castle gate are still preserved from the Gothic castle complex. In addition, there are remains of a three-storey quarry stone building , a palace southeast of the castle courtyard (residential buildings with large halls and carved door and window lintels with Gothic tracery ) and small remains of a round keep . Although the courtyard walls are no longer preserved, the existing wall details with beam holes and chimney flues, as well as stair landings, cellar ditch and well shaft allow a good conclusion to the original condition.
- Ernst Wackenroder : The art monuments of the Saarburg district . (= Paul Clemen (Hrsg.): Die Kunstdenkmäler der Rheinprovinz , Volume 15, III. Department). L. Schwann, Düsseldorf 1939 (reprint from the Academic Bookshop Interbook, Trier 1982), pp. 78–85.
- Lutz Dursthoff among others: The German castles and palaces in color . Krüger, Frankfurt am Main 1987, ISBN 3-8105-0228-6 , p. 776.