Christian von Sachsen-Eisenberg (born January 6, 1653 in Gotha , † April 28, 1707 in Eisenberg ) was the only Duke of Sachsen-Eisenberg .
Christian was the fifth son of Duke Ernst I of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1601–1675) from his marriage to Elisabeth Sophia (1619–1680), daughter of Duke Johann Philipp of Saxe-Altenburg .
Christian became interested in history and art from an early age. He was trained at the University of Strasbourg and in 1672 went with his brothers Bernhard and Heinrich on a cavalier journey to the Netherlands, Switzerland, Savoy, France and Italy.
After the death of his father in 1675, he ruled together with his brothers over Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg . He made Eisenberg as his residence and moved into the extended 1677 and named after him Christiansborg Castle , the later in the memory of his early deceased first wife Christiane von Saxe-Merseburg around the big castle church was enlarged. After the division of the country with his brothers in 1680, Christian received the offices of Ronneburg , Roda and Camburg in addition to the town and office of Eisenberg . He added a garden to the palace and had a small theater built here in 1683.
The country quickly began to go into debt through excessive court ownership. In the later years of his life he turned to alchemy and believed to be connected with spirits. Christian was in correspondence with many scholars of his time, for which he had set up a post in Eisenberg. He promoted the school system (foundation of a lyceum, later the Christian high school) and set up a mint. He supplied the city of Eisenberg with spring water at his own expense through lead pipes that he had made himself in his laboratory.
He died with considerable debts and like his brothers Albrecht von Sachsen-Coburg and Heinrich von Sachsen-Römhild without an heir. Shortly before his death, he had exempted his subjects from all taxes for three years. The " Coburg-Eisenberg-Römhilder inheritance dispute " broke out among his remaining brothers and their descendants , which could not be settled until 1735. Most of the country fell to Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg .
Marriages and offspring
In 1677 Duke Christian married Princess Christiane von Sachsen-Merseburg (1659–1679), daughter of Duke Christian I von Sachsen-Merseburg . From the marriage a daughter emerged:
- Christine (1679–1722) ⚭ 1699 Duke Philipp Ernst of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1673–1729)
After the early death of his first wife, he married Princess Sophie Marie of Hessen-Darmstadt (1661–1712), daughter of Landgrave Ludwig VI, for the second time in 1681 . from Hessen-Darmstadt . The marriage remained childless.
- August Beck: Christian, the only Duke of Saxony-Eisenberg . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, pp. 178-180.
- Armin Basedow: Duke Christian's intercourse with the spirits . In: Sachsen-Altenburgischer fatherl. History and house calendar for 1938 . Altenburg / Thür. 1937.
- Wolfgang Huschke: Christian, Duke of Saxony-Eisenberg. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 232 ( digitized version ).
- Wilfried Warsitzka: Duke Christian of Saxony and the construction of the castle church in Eisenberg . Wartburg-Verlag, Jena 1992, ISBN 3-86160-065-X
- Gunter Walde, Roland Graessler: The coins and medals of Duke Christian of Saxony Eisenberg . Self-published 2006, ISBN 3-9801911-7-6 .
- Hans-Joachim Böttcher : The time of my life was little and bad - Anna von Sachsen (1567–1613) . Dresden 2016, ISBN 978-3-941757-70-7 , p. 158 ff.
- ^ Numismatic reference books. Retrieved November 30, 2017 .
|from the Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg emerged||
Duke of Saxe-Eisenberg
1680 - 1707
Duchy of Saxe-Eisenberg expired ,
reverted to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Saxony-Eisenberg, Christian von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Saxony-Eisenberg|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 6, 1653|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Gotha|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 28, 1707|
|Place of death||Eisenberg|