|Voivodeship :||Lower Silesia|
|Area :||84.18 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||994 ()|
|Postal code :||55-003|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 71|
|License plate :||DW|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Droga wojewódzka 455|
|Rail route :||Jelcz-Laskowice – Wroclaw|
|Next international airport :||Wroclaw|
|Gmina structure:||13 school authorities|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||191 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||0223012|
|Administration (as of 2006)|
|Mayor :||Stefan Marian Dębski|
ul.Kolejowa 3 55-003 Czernica
Czernica ( German Tschirne , 1937-1945 Großbrück ) is a village in the powiat Wrocławski in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in Poland. It is the seat of the rural community of the same name (gmina wiejska) .
The village was first mentioned in 1246 as Cirne . In 1265 the village is called Czyrnczicz , then in 1291 as Cirne and in 1331 as Cyrn . In 1273 the village belonged to the Bishop of Breslau . Around 1360 the German name Tschirna appears since 1736 as Tschirnau . At the end of the eighteenth century, the village was still owned by the Bishops of Wroclaw and had around 500 inhabitants. The village in the Wroclaw district had been known as Tschirne since the beginning of the nineteenth century . In 1909 Tschirne received a rail connection with the opening of the Meleschwitz – Brockau line. In 1935 a new railway bridge was built over the Oder. In 1937 the place was renamed Großbrück . In 1945 the village fell to Poland and was given the Polish name Czernica . The residents were driven out ; Polish new settlers moved into the place. The town's two railway bridges, which were destroyed in 1945, were rebuilt in 1959.
1975-1998 the village belonged to the Wroclaw Voivodeship .
- Marian column from 1708
The rural community of Czernica has an area of 84.18 km². 65% of the municipal area is used for agriculture, 19% is covered with forest.
- mapa.szukacz.pl (Polish, accessed on January 16, 2012)
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Dz.U. 1975 no 17 poz. 92 (Polish) (PDF; 802 kB)
- Barokowa kolumna maryjna z 1708 r. w Czernicy koło Wrocławia
- regioset.pl (pl / en, accessed on January 16, 2012)
- The Genealogical Place Directory