Daniel Kahneman

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Daniel Kahneman 2004

Daniel Kahneman ( Hebrew דניאל כהנמן ) (* 5. March 1934 in Tel Aviv ) is an Israeli - American psychologist and emeritus professors who in 2002 with Vernon L. Smith the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded. He developed the underlying, excellent prospect theory with Amos Tversky .


Daniel Kahneman comes from a Jewish-Lithuanian family that produced several well-known rabbis . In the early 1920s, his parents emigrated from Lithuania to France. Daniel Kahneman was born in Tel Aviv when his mother was visiting relatives there. After the invasion of the Wehrmacht in June 1940, the family fled from Paris to the unoccupied zone of France , to Juan-les-Pins . When German troops occupied this zone on November 11, 1942, the family hid in Cagnes-sur-Mer and finally in a village near Limoges .

In 1946 Kahneman emigrated to Palestine . He studied psychology and mathematics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem . After his exams in 1954, he did his three years of military service in the Israeli army , which then hired him as a psychologist to develop tests for the selection of officer candidates . From 1958 he studied psychology at the University of California and received his doctorate in 1961 . From 1961 to 1978 he taught at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and from 1978 to 1986 at the University of British Columbia ; from 1986 to 1994 he was a professor at the University of California, Berkeley . Since 1993, Kahneman has held the Eugene Higgins Professorship in Psychology at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University .

His work on judgment heuristics and cognitive biases became particularly well known . Steven Pinker called Kahneman the "most important living psychologist".

Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky laid the foundations of behavioral economics . They developed the Prospect Theory to model human judgments in economic decisions more realistically than in the traditional cost-benefit model. While Kahneman and Tversky were initially considered rivals at the Hebrew University, that subsided in 1969. From then on, they often sat together in a seminar room, and laughter could often be heard through the closed door. Tversky's wife later said that relationship was more intense than marriage.

In an interview in 2013, Kahneman explained the contrast of his approach to the Chicago School and that it was important to create an environment "that guarantees personal freedom on the one hand and encourages people to make decisions that they will not regret later on on the other."

In 2015, the weekly magazine " The Economist " listed Kahneman as the 7th most influential economist in the world.

Daniel Kahneman was married to Anne Treisman and has four children.


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Web links

Commons : Daniel Kahneman  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b The Prize in Economic Sciences 2002. nobelprize.org, October 12, 2002, accessed on October 12, 2015 (English).
  2. Uwe Jean Heuser : Psychology: Schreck der Ökonomen , Die Zeit , 21/2012
  3. Michael Lewis: From the world. Limits of choice or a friendship that has changed our thinking . Campus, Frankfurt am Main 2017, p. 48.
  4. Michael Lewis: From the world. Limits of choice or a friendship that has changed our thinking . Campus, Frankfurt am Main 2017, p. 47.
  5. Oliver Burkeman: Daniel Kahneman: "We're beautiful devices" , The Guardian , November 14, 2011
  6. a b Jens-Christian Rabe: Truth and Story . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung of January 26, 2016, p. 9.
  7. Martin Chechne: Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky - How two psychologists changed our thinking. Retrieved February 25, 2019 .
  8. Michael Lewis: How Two Trailblazing Psychologists Turned the World of Decision Science Upside Down. Retrieved February 25, 2019 .
  9. Valentin Ade, Dieter Bachmann: A reward for happiness cannot really be justified . In: Basler Zeitung . April 12, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  10. ^ Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought. ase.tufts.edu, accessed October 12, 2015 .
  11. ^ Daniel Kahneman. Institute for the World Economy at Kiel University, accessed on June 17, 2012 .
  12. Biographies of the 2014 honorands at Yale University (yale.edu); Retrieved June 9, 2014