Eduard Winkelmann

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Eduard Winkelmann

Eduard Winkelmann (born June 25, 1838 in Danzig , † February 10, 1896 in Heidelberg ) was a German historian .

Eduard Winkelmann studied history at the universities from 1856 in Berlin under Leopold von Ranke and from 1858 under Georg Waitz in Göttingen . During his studies he became a member of the Brunsviga fraternity in 1858 . In 1859 he received his doctorate in Berlin with the thesis De regni Siculi administratione . Winkelmann worked for the Monumenta Germaniae Historica and in 1860 senior teacher at the Knight and Cathedral School in Reval . He completed his habilitation at the University of Dorpat and became a private lecturer in 1866. In 1867 he became a corresponding member of the Society for the History and Archeology of the Baltic Provinces of Russia . From 1867 to 1869 Winkelmann was President of the Estonian Scholarly Society , from which he also received honorary membership in 1869. In the same year Winkelmann accepted an appointment as associate professor for history at the University of Bern . In 1869 he was appointed full professor. In 1873 he succeeded Wilhelm Wattenbach at the University of Heidelberg . In that year he also became a corresponding member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1880 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . He held the chair in Heidelberg until his death. Dietrich Schäfer became his successor.

A main area of ​​his research was the time of the late Staufer. He wrote the yearbooks of German history under Philipp von Schwaben and Otto IV von Braunschweig . In 1863 he published the first volume of the story "Kaiser Friedrich II." He tried to get a balanced judgment from the Staufer. When looking at his personality, Winkelmann mixed “a feeling of discomfort with admiration” for the Staufer emperor. Winkelmann is one of the most influential researchers of Frederick II at the end of the 19th century. He also researched the transition from Hohenstaufen to Angiovinian rule in the Kingdom of Sicily. In addition to his source publications, his collaboration in the revision of the V section of the Regesta Imperii by Julius Ficker should be mentioned.

Winkelmann's daughter Anna married the zoologist and Rostock and Tübingen professor Friedrich Blochmann .


  • De regni Siculi administratione, qualis fuerit regnante Friderico II. Romanorum imperatore, Jerusalem et Siciliae rege. Schade, Berolini 1859 (Berlin, University, dissertation, 1859).
  • History of Emperor Frederick the Second and his empires 1212–1235. 2 volumes. Mittler & Sohn et al., Berlin et al. 1863–1865, digitized volume 1 , digitized volume 2 .
  • Bibliotheca Livoniae historica. Systematic directory of sources and aids on the history of Estonia, Livonia and Courland. Commissioners of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, St. Peterburg et al. 1870 (2nd, improved and much larger edition. Weidmann, Berlin 1878, digitized ).
  • Philip of Swabia and Otto IV of Braunschweig. 2 volumes. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1873–1878;
    • Volume 1: King Philip of Swabia. 1197–1208 (= Yearbooks of German History . Vol. 19, 1). 1873, digitized ;
    • Volume 2: Emperor Otto IV of Braunschweig, 1208–1218 (= Yearbooks of German History. Vol. 19, 2). 1878, digitized .
  • as editor: The Magister Petrus de Ebulo Liber ad honorem Augusti. Edited from the original manuscript for academic practice. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1874.
  • Sicilian and papal chancery regulations and chancery customs of the XIII. Century. Compiled for academic exercises. Wagner, Innsbruck 1880, digitized .
  • as editor: Acta imperii inedita saeculi XIII et XIV. Documents and letters on the history of the Empire and the Kingdom of Sicily. 2 volumes. Wagner, Innsbruck 1880–1885;
    • Volume 1: In the years 1198 to 1273. 1880, digitized ;
    • Volume 2: In the years 1200 to 1400. 1885.
  • History of the Anglo-Saxons up to the death of King Aelfred (= general history in individual representations . Main section 2: History of the Middle Ages. Part 3). Grote, Berlin 1883.
  • Document book of the University of Heidelberg. For the 500th anniversary of the foundation of the university. 2 volumes. Winter, Heidelberg 1886;
  • Kaiser Friedrich II. 2 volumes. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1889–1897;
    • Volume 1: 1218–1228 (= Yearbooks of German History. Vol. 20, 1). 1889, digitized ;
    • Volume 2: 1228–1233 (= Yearbooks of German History. Vol. 20, 2). 1897, digitized .


Web links

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Wikisource: Eduard Winkelmann  - Sources and full texts


  1. Fraternity leaves . 14th year, 1900, p. 282.
  2. ^ Baltic Historical Commission (ed.): Entry on Eduard Winkelmann. In: BBLD - Baltic Biographical Lexicon digital
  3. Prof. Dr. Eduard Winkelmann , members of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences
  4. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 261.
  5. ^ Eduard Winkelmann: Kaiser Friedrich II. Volume 2. 1897, p. 286 .